Eurasian golden oriole

Eurasian golden oriole
Oriole 2.jpg
Adult male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
Species: O. oriolus
Binomial name
Oriolus oriolus
( Linnaeus, 1758)
Oriolus oriolus distribution map.png
     Summer      Winter
Synonyms
  • Coracias Oriolus

The Eurasian golden oriole or simply golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) is the only member of the oriole family of passerine birds breeding in Northern Hemisphere temperate regions. It is a summer migrant in Europe and western Asia and spends the winter season in central and southern Africa.

Golden orioles have an extremely large range with large populations that are apparently stable. Therefore, they are evaluated as least concern by BirdLife International. [1]

Taxonomy and systematics

The Eurasian golden oriole was originally described in the genus Coracias by Carl Linnaeus. Formerly, this species was treated as being conspecific with the Indian golden oriole until split in 2011. [2] A sub-population named turkestanica was considered by Charles Vaurie to be indistinguishable from O. o. oriolus. [3] Alternate names for the Eurasian golden oriole include the European golden oriole and western Eurasian golden oriole.

Etymology

The name "oriole" was first used in the 18th century and is an adaptation of the scientific Latin genus name, which is derived from the Classical Latin "aureolus" meaning golden. Various forms of "oriole" have existed in Romance languages since the 12th and 13th centuries. [4] Albertus Magnus used the Latin form oriolus in about 1250 and erroneously stated that it was onomatopoeic because of the golden oriole's song. In medieval England its name, derived from the song, was the woodwele.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Pirol
العربية: صفير ذهبي
asturianu: Oriolus oriolus
башҡортса: Һарығош
беларуская: Івалга звычайная
Bikol Central: Giyaw
български: Авлига
brezhoneg: Glazaour Europa
català: Oriol
Чӑвашла: Саркайăк
čeština: Žluva hajní
Cymraeg: Euryn
dansk: Pirol
Deutsch: Pirol (Art)
eesti: Peoleo
Ελληνικά: Συκοφάγος
эрзянь: Ожопуло
español: Oriolus oriolus
Esperanto: Oriolo
estremeñu: Gorropéndola
euskara: Urretxori
føroyskt: Gyllingur
français: Loriot d'Europe
Frysk: Gielegou
galego: Vichelocrego
한국어: 유럽꾀꼬리
interlingua: Oriolus oriolus
Ирон: Бурцъиу
italiano: Oriolus oriolus
עברית: זהבן מחלל
ქართული: მოლაღური
Kurdî: Zerdêle
кырык мары: Царамак
latviešu: Vālodze
Lëtzebuergesch: Goldmärel
lietuvių: Volungė
Livvinkarjala: Kuhankiehuttai
magyar: Sárgarigó
македонски: Жолна
मराठी: हळद्या
мокшень: Тюжапула
монгол: Эгэл шаргач
Nederlands: Wielewaal (vogel)
Nordfriisk: Gultroosel
norsk: Pirol
олык марий: Ӱжӱвӱр
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Zargʻaldoq
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਪੀਲਕ
Piemontèis: Oriolus oriolus
português: Papa-figos
română: Grangur
русиньскый: Івовга
Seeltersk: Riekelüün
Simple English: Golden oriole
slovenčina: Vlha obyčajná
српски / srpski: Вуга
svenska: Sommargylling
татарча/tatarça: Шәүлегән
тоҷикӣ: Заргулдор
українська: Вивільга звичайна
Tiếng Việt: Vàng anh Á Âu
walon: Ôrimiele
粵語: 金黃鸝
žemaitėška: Vuolongie
中文: 金黄鹂