Euchre

Euchre
Euchre.jpg
A perfect lone hand for spades trump
OriginEurope, Canada, South Africa, Australia
TypeTrick-taking
Players4
Skills requiredMemory, Tactics
Cards24–32
DeckFrench
PlayClockwise
Card rank (highest first)J (of trump suit) J (of same colour) A K Q 10 9, sometimes 8 7
Playing time25 min.
Random chanceMedium[citation needed]
Related games
500, Juckerspiel, Skat, Clabber

Euchre or eucre (ər/) is a trick-taking card game played with four people in two partnerships with a deck of 24, 28, or sometimes 32, standard playing cards. It is the game responsible for introducing the joker into modern packs; this was invented around 1860 to act as a top trump or best Bower (from the German word Bauer, "farmer", denoting also the Jack – see Bester Bube).[1] It is believed to be closely related to the French game Écarté,[2] and to the seventeenth-century game Loo. It may be sometimes referred to as Knock Euchre to distinguish it from Bid Euchre.

Origins and popularity in the USA

"Euchered"; lithograph (1884) from the Library of Congress

It seems euchre was brought into the United States by the early German settlers of Pennsylvania,[3] and from that region disseminated throughout the nation. The 1864 American Hoyle disputes its alleged German heritage, tracing its origin to Pennsylvania in the 1820s. It goes on to surmise that a "rich German farmer's daughter" had visited Philadelphia and carried home a confused memory of Ecarté which then developed into Euchre.[4]

Another hypothesis is that the game derives from an eighteenth-century Alsatian card game named Juckerspiel,[5] a derivative of Triomphe. Also, it may have been introduced by immigrants from Cornwall, UK, where it remains a popular game. It is also played in the neighbouring county of Devon; one theory is that it was introduced by French or American prisoners of war imprisoned in Dartmoor Prison during the early 19th century. Ombre is an ancestral form of Euchre.[6]

The game was regarded as the national card game of the US in the late 19th century but has declined in popularity although it retains a strong following in some regions like the Midwest.[7]

The game retains its popularity in Canada, particularly Ontario and is commonly seen as a drinking game with tournaments often held by bars and community centres.

Other Languages
dansk: Euchre
Deutsch: Euchre
español: Euchre
日本語: ユーカー
polski: Juker
svenska: Euchre