Etterbeek

Etterbeek
Etterbeek town hall
Etterbeek town hall
Flag of Etterbeek
Flag
Coat of arms of Etterbeek
Coat of arms
Etterbeek is located in Belgium
Etterbeek
Etterbeek
Location in Belgium
Etterbeek municipality in the Brussels-Capital Region
Bruxelles-Capitale Etterbeek.svg
Coordinates: 50°50′N 04°23′E / 50°50′N 04°23′E / 50.833; 4.383
CountryBelgium
CommunityFlemish Community
French Community
RegionBrussels
ArrondissementBrussels
Government
 • MayorVincent De Wolf (MR)
Area
 • Total3.15 km2 (1.22 sq mi)
Population
(1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total47,414
 • Density15,000/km2 (39,000/sq mi)
Postal codes
1040
www.etterbeek.be

Etterbeek (French: [ɛtəʁbek]; Dutch: [ˈɛtərˌbeːk] (About this soundlisten)) is one of the nineteen municipalities located in the Brussels-Capital Region of Belgium. It neighbours the municipalities of the City of Brussels, Ixelles, Auderghem, Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert and Schaerbeek. In common with all the Brussels municipalities, it is legally bilingual (French–Dutch).

The main university campus of Vrije Universiteit Brussel is called Campus Etterbeek, although it is geographically not within Etterbeek but in the adjacent municipality of Ixelles.

History

Origins and etymology

According to legend, Gertrude, daughter of Pippin of Landen, founded a chapel here in the 8th century. A document by Otto I, dated 966, mentions the church of Iatrebache. The name Ietrebecca – possibly from the Celtic root ett meaning "rapid movement" and the Dutch word beek meaning "stream" – is found for the first time in a document dated 1127. The current spelling appears eleven years later in 1138, around which time a newer and larger church was built.

Middle Ages

Etterbeek in the XVI century

In the Middle Ages, Etterbeek was a rural hamlet mostly independent of Brussels, aside from taxation rights on beer given to Brussels around 1300 by John II, Duke of Brabant. The following two centuries counted several grievous moments: in 1489, Albert, Duke of Saxe ravaged Etterbeek in his pursuit of the rebels who fought against Maximilian of Austria; in 1580, the village is destroyed once more, this time by the iconoclasts during the Protestant Reformation wars. Peace came back under the reigns of Archdukes Albert and Isabella.

Barony and municipality

In 1673, Etterbeek gained its independence from neighbouring Sint-Genesius-Rode, when Charles II of Spain promoted it into a barony. The first baron was Don Diego-Henriquez de Castro, general treasurer of the Netherlands armies. The Castro house was sold in 1767 and can still be seen today as Etterbeek's oldest building.

Ferraris Map of Etterbeek (Bruxelles) in 1777

Under the French regime, Etterbeek was made into a commune, within the canton of Sint-Stevens-Woluwe. From then on, and especially after the Belgian Revolution of 1830 and the development of Brussels as a capital city, the population of Etterbeek grew quickly. In 1876, there were more than 10,000 inhabitants, in 1900 more than 20,000, and in 1910 more than 33,000. In the 1900s (decade), under the reign of Leopold II, construction boomed and changed the town's character with the addition of the broad avenues and residential areas that we know today.

Other Languages
العربية: إيتربيك
български: Етербек
brezhoneg: Etterbeek
català: Etterbeek
Cebuano: Etterbeek
čeština: Etterbeek
Cymraeg: Etterbeek
Deutsch: Etterbeek
eesti: Etterbeek
Ελληνικά: Έτερμπεεκ
español: Etterbeek
Esperanto: Etterbeek
euskara: Etterbeek
فارسی: ایتربیئک
français: Etterbeek
Gaeilge: Etterbeek
한국어: 에테르베크
հայերեն: Էտերբեեկ
hrvatski: Etterbeek
Bahasa Indonesia: Etterbeek
italiano: Etterbeek
Latina: Ietrebecca
Limburgs: Etterbeek
magyar: Etterbeek
Nederlands: Etterbeek
norsk: Etterbeek
occitan: Etterbeek
polski: Etterbeek
português: Etterbeek
română: Etterbeek
русский: Эттербек
Scots: Etterbeek
Simple English: Etterbeek
slovenčina: Etterbeek
српски / srpski: Етербек
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Etterbeek
suomi: Etterbeek
svenska: Etterbeek
Türkçe: Etterbeek
українська: Еттербек
اردو: ایتربیک
Tiếng Việt: Etterbeek
Volapük: Etterbeek
West-Vlams: Etterbeek
Winaray: Etterbeek