Estadio Regional de Antofagasta

Estadio Regional de Antofagasta
El "Coloso" de Angamos (The Colossus of Angamos)[1]
Estadio Calvo y Bascuñan.jpg
Fulfillment on FIFA football stadiums technical recommendations and requirements[2]
Estadio Regional de Antofagasta is located in Chile
Estadio Regional de Antofagasta
Estadio Regional de Antofagasta
Antofagasta, Chile
Full nameEstadio Regional Bicentenario Calvo y Bascuñán de Antofagasta
Former namesEstadio Regional de Antofagasta(1964–2010)[3]
LocationAlgamos Avenue
Antofagasta, Chile[4]
Coordinates23°40′12″S 70°24′18″W / 23°40′12″S 70°24′18″W / -23.67000; -70.40500
Public transitTransAntofagasta
OwnerMunicipality of Antofagasta
TypeSports complex[5]
Executive suites36[6]
Capacity35,000 spectators (initial construction)
21,178 seatings (after renovation)[7]
Record attendance32.000 (Unión Bellavista – Universidad Católica, 4 October 1964 )
(Chile – Perú, 28 April 2004)
Field size106 m × 68 m (348 ft × 223 ft)[8]
Field shapeRectangular
Acreage
  • 7,280 m2 (78,400 sq ft) (building)[9]
  • 30,000 m2 (320,000 sq ft) (total property)
Surface
  • Field: grass (ryegrass and Bermuda on field No. 1)
  • Athletic track: Regupol AG
Scoreboard48 m2 LED Screens[10]
Construction
Broke groundJuly 3, 1961
BuiltJuly 3, 1961[11] – October 3, 1964
OpenedOctober 8, 1964
RenovatedJuly 26, 2011[12] – March 20, 2013[13]
Construction cost
Architect
  • Original:
  • Mario Recordón[5]
  • Remodelation:
  • Valle & Cornejo Arquitectos
  • Nicolás Lipthay (Collaboration Associated)
Project manager
  • Original:
  • Municipality of Antofagasta
  • Remodelation:
  • Instituto Nacional del Deporte[7]
  • Minera Escondida[7]
  • Municipality of antofagasta[7]
Structural engineerSantolaya Ingenieros Consultores S.A. (Remodeling)
General contractor
  • Construction:
  • Constructora Wadeless Balmaceda Mathiew y Cia. (1961 Construction)[5]
  • Empresa Constructora e Industrial Jorge Razmilic y Cia. (1962 Continued Construction)[14]
  • Remodelation:
  • Navarrete y Díaz Cumsille Ingenieros Civiles S.A. (Remodeling)[15]
Main contractors
  • Sociedad Comercial Wu y Pazzanese Limitada (LED Screens Installation)[10]
  • Led Neón Chile Vía Pública Ltda.(acquisition and Installation of seatings)[16]
  • Philips Chile (Lighting fixtures)[17]
  • Parques Johnson Construcciones deportivas y Áreas Verdes (Delivery Seed of Ryegrass and Bermuda to No. 1 Field)
  • Milton Astudillo Capetillo (Delivery Seed of to 2, 3 and 4 Fields)[18]
Tenants

Football:
Club de Deportes Antofagasta (CDA) (1966–present)
Club deportivo Ormazabal (2006–present)[5]
Club Deportivo Unión Bellavista (1964–1966, 2008–present)[5]


Baseball:

Asociación de Béisbol de Antofagasta (1966–present)[5]
Website

Municipality of Antofagasta website

  • Major sporting events hosted

Estadio Regional de Antofagasta, officially Estadio Bicentenario Calvo y Bascuñan de Antofagasta, (Spanish: [esˈtaðjo βiθenteˈnaɾjo ˈkalβo yi βasˈkuɲan]) is a sport facilities complex located in Antofagasta, Chile. The municipality of Antofagasta is the owner of the building and its used to host sports events such as cultural events and entertainment events. The complex is composed of the Main Stadium who is use made for most important events. The secondary fields, 1, 2, 3 and 4, are used to training sessions. The Field 5 is used to secondary events, with football pitch dimensions and counts with a Baseball field where are made the regional tournaments of this sport.

It is currently the home stadium of Football Team of the city, Club de Deportes Antofagasta, of Chilean Primera División. The Chile national football team plays for first time in this stadium on April 28, 2004, in a friendly match with the Perú. With an attendance of 32.000 spectators.

The Complex was built in 1964 by the Municipality of Antofagasta and supported by the Regional Stadium Construction Committee (Comité Pro Construcción Estadio Regional) the main stadium of this complex had an initial capacity of 35.000 spectators, after de renovation, In 2011 started the renovation of the stadium changed the maximum of capacity to 21,178 spectators since in 2013.

In February 2010, by requests from the community of Antofagasta that began in 2003, the mayor of the city called to the community to send names to name the stadium through popular votation to elect this. The winning the name was "Estadio Calvo y Bascuñan".

The stadium has been a venue for the 1987 FIFA World Youth Championship, 2013 Supercopa de Chile, Copa Sudamericana 2013 and Copa América 2015.

History

Development and construction

A city stadium was considered in 1955,[2] with the intention that it could function as host for the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile. The initiative was led by two professionals from Antofagasta, Miguel Bascuñán Pavez and Alberto Calvo Nieto, who formed the "Pro-Construction Committee" in 1958 with the aim of solidifying the project. It was decreed by law (13,080 from the Ministry of the Interior of Chile) that the lands then-occupied by the Club Hípico de Antofagasta (Riding Club of Antofagasta) be expropriated to the municipality for the construction of the stadium, stipulating the amount to be paid, the agreement being effective on January 31, 1959.[19] The amount decreed was 300 million CLP.[14]

The 1960 Valdivia earthquake caused severe damage to several stadiums in Chile, upsetting the calendar for the World Cup. On September 30, 1960, the Corporation of Development of Chile (Corfo) provided economic contributions toward the construction of the Antofagasta stadium, under the condition that work began before March 1, 1961. Mayor Santiago Gajardo handed over the land to the Santiago-based Wedeles, Balmaceda, Mathieu and Company, Ltd. on January 5, 1961. The work officially began on January 18.[20] However, due to financial problems, construction was postponed and the committee responsible was dissolved. Work resumed on July 3, 1961 with the demolition of the riding club's facilities.[14] Calvo and Bascuñan reformed the construction committee and secured government and private funding, though they'd lost the opportunity to host the 1962 World Cup. On July 9, 1962, Razmilic and Co. restarted the unfinished work.

Inauguration

On October 8, 1964, the stadium was inaugurated before President Jorge Alessandri, Mayor Juan Floreal Recabarren and his predecessor Santiago Gajardo.[14] Trading markets in the city closed that day at noon, with a request that private companies enable their workers to attend the event. Approximately 32,000 people came. The stadium was then the second largest in the country. The match of the event was between Unión Bellavista (local team) and Club Deportivo Universidad Católica.[21] On October 12, a game was played between the teams of the city of Asociación de Fútbol de Antofagasta and Chuquicamata, which was attended by approximately 16,000 spectators. The result of the match was 4–2 for Antofagasta, the coach of the team of Antofagasta was Luis Santibañez Diaz.[22]

The stadiums are schools,

Because there the youth is educated in the physical, muscular and this, once achieved, reports immense benefits for the family and community:

To make stadiums is to make homeland.
— Mario Recordón, 100 Obras, 200 Años; Legado Bicentenario cited from stadium inauguration in 1964

On July 7, 1965, the construction committee was dissolved and another association formed to complete the lighting of the stadium. Chile Exploration Company donated US$100,000 to finance this project.[14]

Notable events, 1967–2008

In February 1967, a youth football championship was held, in which one of the finalists was the Iquique team.[23]

In July 22, 1973 the highest ever attendance was recorded, when 32,663 people watched the Primera Division match between Antofagasta and Colo-Colo.

In October 1987, the stadium was a host for the 1987 FIFA World Youth Championship, where the national teams of West Germany, Bulgaria, United States and Saudi Arabia, all of Group D, played 6 games. The stadium also hosted the quarter-final match between West Germany and Scotland.[5] The average audience attendance was 8,417. A large investment had to be made for the stadium to host the event, with improvements to field number 5, the stands and scoreboard.[24]

In 1996, the six-lane athletic track was installed.[14] On the same year. The first game registered by Club de Deportes Antofagasta Portuario, valid for national tournaments, exercising of local, was in the encounter between Club Lister Rossel de Linares and Portuario, beating to this first one by 2–1.[25]

In 2001, an audit was carried out which established the embezzlement of funds and corruption of a public instrument by a municipal official. It was reported that Mayor Pedro Araya filed a federal court complaint regarding this event.[26]

On September 20, 2013, the final of the National Children's Baseball tournament was played at the stadium's baseball field, in which Antofagasta and Iquique met.[27]

In April 2014, a friendly match was proposed between the national teams of Chile and Peru, for which the mayor of Antofagasta promised to improve the state of the field.[28] The manager of Peru's team decided not to train in the stadium, alluding to security problems and a need to practice without spectators.[29] The match was held on April 28, resulting in a tie, with an attendance of 32,000.[30]

In 2005, a friendly match was held between the teams of River Plate U-23 and the Chilean U-20 team, with the aim of preparing the national team for the World Cup in Holland.[31]

In 2006, Club de Deportes Antofagasta (CDA) acquired 650 seats from Brazil, with an investment of 8,000,000 CLP, installed in the stadium's preferred sector, for the anniversary of the city and the return to Premiere A series football. In addition to these improvements, the Regional Intendant asked that the stadium be provided with a synthetic track, in order to improve athletic practices.[32]

The remodeling of the athletic track increased the number of lanes from 6 to 8, using the synthetic material Repugol AF. It cost 816.212.000 CLP, financed by the Municipality of Antofagasta, the regional council and Chiledeportes (a national program to promote sport activities).[5] The CDA team had to move to other venues during the construction.[33]

Chiledeportes promised a US$3 million investment to five Chilean stadiums, including that of Antofagasta, for the 2008 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup.[24] Former Secretary General of CONCACAF (Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football), Chuck Blazer, inspected the stadium and found that it was not fit to host matches of the competition. He recommended improvements to be made within 60 days to meet FIFA requirements.[34] The bathrooms were closed by the Ministry of Health of Antofagasta due to the low quality of hygiene.[35]

Remodeling and renaming

On January 22, 2009, the stadium was among 15 venues chosen for a remodeling in the second phase of the national program Red de Estadios Bicentenario (Bicentennial Stadium Network) and was installed the synthetic grass on the field 5. The opening match for this setting was between Club de Deportes Antofagasta and Municipal Mejillones on U-15 category, the result of the match was 1-0, won Antofagasta.[36][37] Minera Escondida, the first private company to invest in the program, committed US$8.8 million for the remodeling of the stadium. This was added to contributions of the regional government, Chiledeportes and Ministry of Public Works. The remodel would include a modern electronic scoreboard, perimeter lighting, dressing rooms, massage rooms, a preparatory area for referees, and parking and recreation areas.[38] An agreement between Minera Escondida and the respective public organizations was to open bidding in August, with works to begin in November 2010.[39]

Former mayor Pedro Araya and a group from the sports community sought to rename the stadium "Calvo Bascuñan", in tribute to the promoters of its original construction. The municipality opened a process to consider this and other suggestions from the citizens.[1] On February 13, 2010, the evaluation committee reported that the stadium would be renamed Calvo y Bascuñan (Calvo and Bascuñan).[3]

The Municipal Council processed the remodeling of the stadium in May 2010, by means of an extraordinary section needed to regularize the agreement – as Minera Escondida was a private entity and the project was a public work. It was assigned to the municipality through the Corporación Municipal de Deportes.[40]

Photography of the stadium in 2010, before the remodel.

Due to the 2010 Chile earthquake which occurred on February 27, the government reallocated the committed money for the stadium to the disaster area, to the annoyance of former-mayor Marcela Hernando.[41] On June 2, the former mayor received a commitment from the National Sports Institute, which would deliver 62.5% of their promised funding in 2011 and 32.5% in 2012.[42] The former Secretary of Sports, Gabriel Ruiz-table, visited the stadium with the mayor, assuring that there would be resources for the remodeling so that the venue could be used for other events in addition to football matches.[43]

Bidding proposals were opened on June 7, 2010. The only presentation was from the company Salfa SA, which proposed either following the established model or its own draft, either of which exceeded the established budget for the project.[44] On June 21, the economic proposal was opened, and a second call for tenders was made on November 20.[45][46] In October the Municipality of Antofagasta asked for support from the Chilean National Football Association (ANFP) with the purpose of getting more financial resources to make the remodelation. This action results in an agreement between the association and the municipality.[47] Interest was expressed by 21 companies, and at that time it was expected that work could begin in May 2012.[48]

In 2011, the opening for technical proposals was presented.[49] It was stipulated that the opening period would be in July.[50] The winning proposal was from Valle & Cornejo Arquitectos, with contributions of L2C and architect Nicolás Lipthay.[51] On July 28, the works were contracted to the construction company Navarrate Díaz Cumsille and Ingeniería y Construcciones Serinco Ltd., and the main coliseum was closed for a projected term of 360 days.[11]

In February 2011, the first Chile national American football team play an exhibition match against a local team called Gladiadores del Desierto, this match was on the 5° Field of the stadium, the result was 26-18, the winner was the Chile national team.[52]

In July 2011, was begun makes the removal of tons of debris to begin the realization of the major works to renovate the stadium.[53]

In December 2011, the construction suffered a delay of two months due to problems with the foundations of roof supports.[54] There were additional delays in October 2012 regarding the seating.[55]

In December 2012, Antofagasta was officially declared as one of the cities to host the 2015 Copa América.[56]

Former president Sebastián Piñera Echenique, cutting the tape to inaugurate the remodeling of the stadium, March 20, 2016.

On March 20, 2013, a private inauguration ceremony was held. Former-president Sebastián Piñera cut the tape as part of the protocol.[57] The public ceremony began with a performance of the city's philharmonic orchestra, followed by a match between CDA and América de Cali. The musical group Garras de Amor performed prior to the party of Colo-Colo and Universidad Católica.[13] There was public criticism for the high price of the tickets to the opening party, and a group of councilors argued that the inaugurations of public places should be free as special moments for the city.[58] The inauguration was concluded by the percussion of the team of América de Cali, which was delayed in arriving to the city.[59]

2013–present

In November 2014, the stadium was officially declared a host for the Copa America 2015 tournament. Through a draw, Jamaica, Paraguay and Uruguay would compete in the stadium.[60] In December the director of the event confirmed to Antofagasta that its stadium was well-liked by the Jamaican National Team, which was competing in the Copa America for the first time.[61]

On August 7, 2014, work began to meet the Confederación Sudamericana de Fútbol's (CONMEBOL) requirements for the Copa America 2015. The company MAC won the bidding for $4,997,657,850 CLP, delivered by the Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Regional (Financial instrument)[expand acronym] to the municipality, with a term of 5 months.[62] On January 27, eight lighting towers and generators were installed for night events on additional courts.[63]