Espionage

Espionage or spying, is the act of obtaining secret or confidential information without the permission of the holder of the information. Spies help agencies uncover secret information.[1] Any individual or spy ring (a cooperating group of spies), in the service of a government, company or independent operation, can commit espionage. The practice is clandestine, as it is by definition unwelcome and in many cases illegal and punishable by law. Espionage is a method of "intelligence" gathering which includes information gathering from public sources.

Espionage is often part of an institutional effort by a government or commercial concern. However, the term tends to be associated with state spying on potential or actual enemies for military purposes. Spying involving corporations is known as industrial espionage.

One of the most effective ways to gather data and information about the enemy (or potential enemy) is by infiltrating the enemy's ranks. This is the job of the spy (espionage agent). Spies can return information concerning the size and strength of enemy forces. They can also find dissidents within the enemy's forces and influence them to defect.[2] In times of crisis, spies steal technology and sabotage the enemy in various ways. Counterintelligence is the practice of thwarting enemy espionage and intelligence-gathering. Almost all nations have strict laws concerning espionage and the penalty for being caught is often severe. However, the benefits gained through espionage are often so great that most governments and many large corporations make use of it.

Information collection techniques used in the conduct of clandestine human intelligence include operational techniques, asset recruiting, and tradecraft.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Spioenasie
العربية: تجسس
asturianu: Espionaxe
azərbaycanca: Casusluq
Bân-lâm-gú: Kàn-tia̍p
беларуская: Шпіянаж
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Шпіянаж
български: Шпионаж
བོད་ཡིག: ཉུལ་ཞིབ་པ།
bosanski: Špijunaža
català: Espionatge
čeština: Špionáž
Cymraeg: Ysbïwriaeth
dansk: Spionage
Deutsch: Spionage
eesti: Luure
Ελληνικά: Κατασκοπεία
español: Espionaje
Esperanto: Spionado
euskara: Espioitza
فارسی: جاسوسی
Gaeilge: Spiaireacht
galego: Espionaxe
한국어: 간첩 행위
հայերեն: Լրտեսություն
हिन्दी: चर कार्य
hrvatski: Špijunaža
Bahasa Indonesia: Spionase
íslenska: Njósnir
italiano: Spionaggio
עברית: ריגול
Basa Jawa: Telik sandhi
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗೂಢಚರ್ಯೆ
къарачай-малкъар: Шпион
ქართული: შპიონაჟი
қазақша: Тыңшылық
latviešu: Spiegošana
Lëtzebuergesch: Spionage
lietuvių: Žvalgyba
Bahasa Melayu: Pengintipan
Nederlands: Spionage
Nedersaksies: Spionage
norsk: Spionasje
norsk nynorsk: Spionasje
پنجابی: جسوسی
polski: Szpiegostwo
português: Espionagem
română: Spionaj
русский: Шпионаж
Scots: Espionage
shqip: Spiunazhi
sicilianu: Spiunaggiu
Simple English: Espionage
سنڌي: جاسوسي
slovenčina: Špionáž
slovenščina: Vohunstvo
کوردی: سیخوڕی
српски / srpski: Шпијунажа
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Špijunaža
suomi: Vakoilu
svenska: Spioneri
Tagalog: Espiyonahe
Türkçe: Casusluk
українська: Шпигунство
اردو: جاسوسی
Tiếng Việt: Gián điệp
Winaray: Pangingispiya
ייִדיש: שפיאנאזש
粵語: 間諜
中文: 间谍