Ernest King

Ernest King
FADM Ernest J. King.jpg
Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, USN
Born(1878-11-23)23 November 1878
Lorain, Ohio
Died25 June 1956(1956-06-25) (aged 77)
Kittery, Maine
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1901–1956[1]
RankUS-O11 insignia.svg Fleet Admiral
Commands heldChief of Naval Operations
United States Fleet
United States Atlantic Fleet
USS Lexington
Naval Station Norfolk
USS Wright
USS Bridge
Naval Postgraduate School
USS Terry
Battles/warsSpanish–American War
Mexican Revolution

World War I

World War II
AwardsNavy Cross
Navy Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Other workPresident, Naval Historical Foundation

Ernest Joseph King (23 November 1878 – 25 June 1956) was Commander in Chief, United States Fleet (COMINCH) and Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) during World War II. As COMINCH-CNO, he directed the United States Navy's operations, planning, and administration and was a member of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He was the United States Navy's second most senior officer in World War II after Fleet Admiral William D. Leahy, who served as Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief.

Born in Lorain, Ohio, King served in the Spanish–American War while still attending the United States Naval Academy. He received his first command in 1914, leading the destroyer USS Terry in the occupation of Veracruz. During World War I, he served on the staff of Vice Admiral Henry T. Mayo, the commander of the United States Atlantic Fleet. After the war, King served as head of the Naval Postgraduate School, commanded a submarine squadron, and served as Chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics. After a period on the Navy's General Board, King became commander of the Atlantic Fleet in February 1941.

Shortly after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor brought the United States into World War II, King was appointed as Commander in Chief of the United States Fleet. In March 1942, King succeeded Harold Stark as Chief of Naval Operations. In December 1944, King became the second admiral to be promoted to fleet admiral. King left active duty in December 1945 and died in 1956.

Early life

King was born in Lorain, Ohio, on 23 November 1878, the son of James Clydesdale King and Elizabeth Keam King.[2] He attended the United States Naval Academy from 1897 until 1901, graduating fourth in his class. During his senior year at the academy, he attained the rank of midshipman lieutenant commander, the highest midshipman ranking at that time.[3]

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slovenščina: Ernest Joseph King
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українська: Ернест Кінг