Erich Hoepner

Erich Hoepner
Bundesarchiv Bild 146-1971-068-10, Erich Hoepner.jpg
Born(1886-09-14)14 September 1886
Frankfurt (Oder), Prussia, German Empire
Died8 August 1944(1944-08-08) (aged 57)
Plötzensee Prison
Years of service1905–42
RankColonel-general (Generaloberst)
Commands held
Battles/warsWorld War I

World War II

AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Erich Hoepner (14 September 1886 – 8 August 1944) was a German general during World War II. An early proponent of mechanisation and armoured warfare, he was a Wehrmacht army corps commander at the beginning of the war, leading his troops during the invasion of Poland and the Battle of France.

Hoepner commanded the 4th Panzer Group on the Eastern Front during Operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941. Units under his command closely cooperated with the Einsatzgruppen and implemented the Commissar Order that directed Wehrmacht troops to murder Red Army political officers immediately upon capture. Hoepner's Panzer group, along with the 3rd Panzer Group, spearheaded the advance on Moscow in Operation Typhoon, the failed attempt to seize the Soviet capital.

Dismissed from the Wehrmacht after the failure of the 1941 campaign, Hoepner restored his pension rights through a lawsuit. He was implicated in the failed 20 July plot against Adolf Hitler and executed in 1944.

Early years and World War I

Hoepner was born in Frankfurt (Oder), the son of General Kurt Hoepner. He was commissioned into the Imperial German Army as a cavalry lieutenant in 1906, joining the 13th Schleswig-Holstein Dragoons Regiment (de). In 1911 he attended the Prussian Staff College and was assigned to the General Staff of the XVI Corps. When the First World War began he was assigned to the Western Front, serving as a company commander and staff officer for several corps and armies. He fought as part of the 105th Division in the German Spring Offensive of 1918, ending the war in the cavalry.[1][2]

Other Languages
български: Ерих Хьопнер
čeština: Erich Höpner
Deutsch: Erich Hoepner
español: Erich Hoepner
français: Erich Hoepner
italiano: Erich Hoepner
עברית: אריך הפנר
ქართული: ერიხ ჰეპნერი
latviešu: Erihs Hepners
Bahasa Melayu: Erich Hoepner
Plattdüütsch: Erich Hoepner
português: Erich Hoepner
русский: Гёпнер, Эрих
slovenčina: Erich Hoepner
slovenščina: Erich Hoepner
српски / srpski: Ерих Хепнер
svenska: Erich Hoepner
татарча/tatarça: Эрих Һөпнер
Türkçe: Erich Hoepner
українська: Еріх Гепнер