Erechtheus (s/; Ancient Greek: Ἐρεχθεύς) in Greek mythology was the name of an archaic king of Athens, the founder of the polis and, in his role as god, attached to Poseidon, as "Poseidon Erechtheus". The mythic Erechtheus and the historical Erechtheus were fused into one character in Euripides' lost tragedy Erechtheus (423/22 BCE). The name Erichthonius is carried by a son of Erechtheus, but Plutarch conflated the two names in the myth of the begetting of Erechtheus.[1]

Erechtheus I

See main article: Erichthonius

Athenians thought of themselves as Erechtheidai, the "sons of Erechtheus".[2] In Homer's Iliad (2. 547–48) he is the son of "grain-giving Earth", reared by Athena.[3] The earth-born son was sired by Hephaestus, whose semen Athena wiped from her thigh with a fillet of wool cast to earth, by which Gaia was made pregnant.

In the contest for patronship of Athens between Poseidon and Athena, the salt spring on the Acropolis where Poseidon's trident struck was known as the sea of Erechtheus.[4]

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български: Ерехтей
brezhoneg: Erec'htheüs
català: Erecteu
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Ελληνικά: Ερεχθέας
español: Erecteo
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euskara: Erekteo I.a
فارسی: ارختئوس
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한국어: 에렉테우스
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magyar: Erekhtheusz
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polski: Erechteusz
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русский: Эрехтей
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српски / srpski: Ерехтеј
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Erehtej
suomi: Erekhtheus
svenska: Erechteus
українська: Ерехтей