Environmental protection

Environmental protection is practiced for protecting the natural environment on individual, organization controlled by governmental levels, for the benefit of both the environment and humans. Due to the pressures of overconsumption, population and technology, the biophysical environment is being degraded, sometimes permanently. This has been recognized, and governments have begun placing restraints on activities that cause environmental degradation. Since the 1960s, activity of environmental movements has created awareness of the various environmental problems. There is no agreement on the extent of the environmental impact of human activity and even scientific dishonesty occurs, so protection measures are occasionally debated.

Mahatma Gandhi was considered to be a living embodiment of environmental conservation.

Approaches with regards to environmental protection

Voluntary environmental agreements

In industrial countries, voluntary environmental agreements are often provide a platform for companies to be recognized for moving beyond the minimum regulatory standards and thus support the development of best environmental practice.. For instance, in India, Environment Improvement Trust (EIT) has been working for environment & forest protection since 1998. A group of Green Volunteers get a goal of Green India Clean India concept. CA Gajendra Kumar Jain a Chartered Accountant, is the founder of Environment Improvement Trust in Sojat city a small village of State of Rajasthan in India [1] In developing countries, such as throughout Latin America, these agreements are more commonly used to remedy significant levels of non-compliance with mandatory regulation.[2] The challenges that exist with these agreements lie in establishing baseline data, targets, monitoring and reporting. Due to the difficulties inherent in evaluating effectiveness, their use is often questioned and, indeed, the whole environment may well be adversely affected as a result. The key advantage of their use in developing countries is that their use helps to build environmental management capacity.[2]

Ecosystems approach

An ecosystems approach to resource management and environmental protection aims to consider the complex interrelationships of an entire ecosystem in decision making rather than simply responding to specific issues and challenges. Ideally the decision-making processes under such an approach would be a collaborative approach to planning and decision making that involves a broad range of stakeholders across all relevant governmental departments, as well as representatives of industry, environmental groups and community. This approach ideally supports a better exchange of information, development of conflict-resolution strategies and improved regional conservation.Religions also play an important role in conservation of environment.Ref-Hadiya Habib (Role of religious education and different religions in conservation and maintenance of environment, www.oiirj.org)vol 07, July 2017, special issue.[3]

International environmental agreements

Kyoto Protocol Commitment map 2010

Many of the earth's resources are especially vulnerable because they are influenced by human impacts across many countries. As a result of this, many attempts are made by countries to develop agreements that are signed by multiple governments to prevent damage or manage the impacts of human activity on natural resources. This can include agreements that impact factors such as climate, oceans, rivers and air pollution. These international environmental agreements are sometimes legally binding documents that have legal implications when they are not followed and, at other times, are more agreements in principle or are for use as codes of conduct. These agreements have a long history with some multinational agreements being in place from as early as 1910 in Europe, America and Africa.[4] Some of the most well-known international agreements include the Kyoto Protocol and others.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Umweltschutz
Bân-lâm-gú: Khoân-kéng pó-hō͘
Deutsch: Umweltschutz
Esperanto: Mediprotekto
latgaļu: Apleicsardzeiba
Lëtzebuergesch: Ëmweltschutz
lietuvių: Aplinkos apsauga
Nederlands: Milieubescherming
norsk: Miljøvern
norsk nynorsk: Miljøvern
slovenščina: Varstvo okolja
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zaštita okoliša
svenska: Miljövård
Türkçe: Çevre koruma
українська: Охорона довкілля
吴语: 環境保護
粵語: 環境保護
中文: 环境保护