The name "England" is derived from the
Old English name Englaland, which means "land of the
 The Angles were one of the
Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the
Early Middle Ages. The Angles came from the
Anglia (Angeln) peninsula in the
Bay of Kiel area (present-day German state of
Schleswig-Holstein) of the
 The earliest recorded use of the term, as "Engla londe", is in the late ninth century translation into
Old English of
Ecclesiastical History of the English People. The term was then used in a different sense to the modern one, meaning "the land inhabited by the English", and it included English people in what is now south-east Scotland but was then part of the English kingdom of
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle recorded that the
Domesday Book of 1086 covered the whole of England, meaning the English kingdom, but a few years later the Chronicle stated that King
Malcolm III went "out of Scotlande into
Lothian in Englaland", thus using it in the more ancient sense. According to the
Oxford English Dictionary, its modern spelling was first used in 1538.
The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by
Germania, in which the
Latin word Anglii is used.
 The etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars; it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape.
 How and why a term derived from the name of a tribe that was less significant than others, such as the
Saxons, came to be used for the entire country and its people is not known, but it seems this is related to the custom of calling the Germanic people in Britain Angli Saxones or English Saxons to distinguish them from continental Saxons (Eald-Seaxe) of Old Saxony between Weser and Eider rivers in Northern Germany.
Scottish Gaelic, another language which developed on the island of Great Britain, the Saxon tribe gave their name to the word for England (Sasunn);
 similarly, the Welsh name for the English language is "Saesneg".
An alternative name for England is
Albion. The name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the
Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC
 "Beyond the
Pillars of Hercules is the ocean that flows round the earth. In it are two very large islands called Britannia; these are Albion and
 But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to
Aristotle but to
Pseudo-Aristotle, i.e. it was written later in the
Graeco-Roman period or afterwards. The word Albion (Ἀλβίων) or insula Albionum has two possible origins. It either derives from a cognate of the Latin albus meaning white, a reference to the
white cliffs of Dover (the only part of Britain visible from the European mainland)
 or from the phrase the "island of the Albiones"
 in the now lost
Massaliote Periplus, that is attested through
Avienus' Ora Maritima
 to which the former presumably served as a source. Albion is now applied to England in a more poetic capacity.
 Another romantic name for England is
Loegria, related to the
Welsh word for England, Lloegr, and made popular by its use in