Kitty Joyner - Electrical Engineer - GPN-2000-001933.jpg
Kitty Joyner, an American engineer, in 1952
Occupation type
Activity sectors
Applied science
CompetenciesMathematics, science, design, analysis, critical thinking, engineering ethics, project management, engineering economics, creativity, problem solving, (See also: Glossary of engineering)
Education required
Engineering education
Fields of
Research and development, industry, business
Related jobs
Scientist, architect, project manager, inventor, astronaut

Engineers, as practitioners of engineering, are professionals who invent, design, analyze, build, and test machines, systems, structures and materials to fulfill objectives and requirements while considering the limitations imposed by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.[1][2] The word engineer (Latin ingeniator[3]) is derived from the Latin words ingeniare ("to create, generate, contrive, devise") and ingenium ("cleverness").[4][5] The foundational qualifications of an engineer typically include a four-year bachelor's degree in an engineering discipline, or in some jurisdictions, a master's degree in an engineering discipline plus four to six years of peer-reviewed professional practice (culminating in a project report or thesis) and passage of engineering board examinations.

The work of engineers forms the link between scientific discoveries and their subsequent applications to human and business needs and quality of life.[1]


In 1961, the Conference of Engineering Societies of Western Europe and the United States of America defined "professional engineer" as follows:[6]

A professional engineer is competent by virtue of his/her fundamental education and training to apply the scientific method and outlook to the analysis and solution of engineering problems. He/she is able to assume personal responsibility for the development and application of engineering science and knowledge, notably in research, design, construction, manufacturing, superintending, managing and in the education of the engineer. His/her work is predominantly intellectual and varied and not of a routine mental or physical character. It requires the exercise of original thought and judgement and the ability to supervise the technical and administrative work of others. His/her education will have been such as to make him/her capable of closely and continuously following progress in his/her branch of engineering science by consulting newly published works on a worldwide basis, assimilating such information and applying it independently. He/she is thus placed in a position to make contributions to the development of engineering science or its applications. His/her education and training will have been such that he/she will have acquired a broad and general appreciation of the engineering sciences as well as thorough insight into the special features of his/her own branch. In due time he/she will be able to give authoritative technical advice and to assume responsibility for the direction of important tasks in his/her branch.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Ingenieur
العربية: مهندس
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܚܪܐ
অসমীয়া: অভিযন্তা
azərbaycanca: Mühəndislik
বাংলা: প্রকৌশলী
Bân-lâm-gú: Kang-têng-su
беларуская: Інжынер
български: Инженер
bosanski: Inženjer
català: Enginyer
dansk: Ingeniør
Deutsch: Ingenieur
eesti: Insener
español: Ingeniero
Esperanto: Inĝeniero
فارسی: مهندس
français: Ingénieur
Frysk: Yngenieur
Gàidhlig: Innleadair
한국어: 공학자
հայերեն: Ճարտարագետ
हिन्दी: अभियन्ता
hrvatski: Inženjer
Bahasa Indonesia: Insinyur
italiano: Ingegnere
עברית: מהנדס
Basa Jawa: Insinyur
қазақша: Инженер
Kiswahili: Mhandisi
Kongo: Nzeniele
latviešu: Inženieris
Lëtzebuergesch: Fachhéichschoulingenieur
lietuvių: Inžinierius
magyar: Mérnök
मैथिली: अभियन्ता
македонски: Инженер
Malagasy: Injeniera
മലയാളം: എഞ്ചിനീയർ
मराठी: अभियंता
Bahasa Melayu: Jurutera
монгол: Инженер
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အင်ဂျင်နီယာ
Nederlands: Ingenieur
नेपाली: अभियन्ता
日本語: 工学者
norsk: Ingeniør
norsk nynorsk: Ingeniør
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Muhandis
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਇੰਜੀਨੀਅਰ
polski: Inżynier
português: Engenheiro
română: Inginer
русский: Инженер
Scots: Ingineer
shqip: Inxhinieri
Simple English: Engineer
slovenščina: Inženir
Soomaaliga: Enjerneer
کوردی: ئەندازیار
српски / srpski: Инжењер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Inženjer
Basa Sunda: Insinyur
svenska: Ingenjör
татарча/tatarça: Инженер
Tshivenda: Enginiara
українська: Інженер
اردو: انجینئر
vèneto: Ingegnere
Tiếng Việt: Kỹ sư
Winaray: Inhenyero
ייִדיש: אינזשעניר
粵語: 工程師
中文: 工程师