Endicott Peabody

Endicott Peabody
Endicott Peabody Gov.jpg
62nd Governor of Massachusetts
In office
January 3, 1963 – January 7, 1965
LieutenantFrancis Bellotti
Preceded byJohn Volpe
Succeeded byJohn Volpe
Member of the
Massachusetts Governor's Council
for the 3rd district
In office
1955–1957
Preceded byDavid B. Williams
Succeeded byChristian A. Herter, Jr.
Personal details
Born( 1920 -02-15)February 15, 1920
Lawrence, Massachusetts
DiedDecember 2, 1997(1997-12-02) (aged 77)
Hollis, New Hampshire
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)
Barbara Welch Gibbons (m. 1944)
Alma materHarvard University
ProfessionLawyer
AwardsSilver Star
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service United States Navy
Battles/warsWorld War II
*U.S. submarine campaign against the Japanese Empire

Endicott "Chub" Peabody (February 15, 1920 – December 2, 1997) was an American politician from Massachusetts. A Democrat, he served a single two-year term as the 62nd Governor of Massachusetts, from 1963 to 1965. He is probably best known for his opposition to the death penalty, and his many electoral failures.

Born in Lawrence, Massachusetts to a family with deep colonial roots, Peabody played college football at Harvard University, where he earned honors as an All-American lineman. He served in the United States Navy in World War II before embarking on a political career noted more for its failures than its successes. He made multiple unsuccessful attempts to win the position of Massachusetts Attorney General, and for the United States Senate representing both Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and ran for United States Vice President in 1972.

Early life

Endicott Peabody, nicknamed "Chub", was born in Lawrence, Massachusetts, the son of Mary Elizabeth (née Parkman) and the Rev. Malcolm E. Peabody, a former Episcopal Bishop of Central New York.[1] He was a grandson of the founder of Groton School and Brooks School, also named Endicott Peabody, and was a descendant of colonial governor John Endecott.[2] He first attended the William Penn Charter School, and graduated in 1938 from the Groton School.[1] He earned his A.B. from Harvard College in 1942, majoring in history. Peabody played on the Harvard Crimson football team as well as ice hockey and tennis.[3] He stood out in football, playing three seasons on the varsity squad, and was the only unanimous choice for the 1941 College Football All-America Team.[4] He was awarded the Knute Rockne Memorial Trophy for best collegiate lineman in 1941,[3] and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1973.[4]

Peabody served in the United States Navy during World War II, primarily as a Lieutenant aboard the USS Tirante in the Pacific Ocean theater.[5][6] He led several boarding parties involving hand-to-hand combat, for which he was awarded several commendations including the Silver Star.[7]

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