Emir

The court of the Durrani Emirate of Afghanistan in 1839

An emir (ɪər/; Arabic: أميرʾamīr [ʔaˈmiːr]), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, is an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West Africa, and Afghanistan. It means "commander", "general", or "High King". The feminine form is emira (أميرة ʾamīrah). When translated as "prince", the word "emirate" is analogous to a sovereign principality.

Origins

HRH Crown Prince Farouk, amir of the Kingdom of Egypt and the Sudan, on ascension to the throne 1936 as HM King Farouk I

Amir, meaning "lord" or "commander-in-chief", is derived from the Arabic root a-m-r, "command". Originally simply meaning "commander-in-chief" or "leader", usually in reference to a group of people, it came to be used as a title for governors or rulers, usually in smaller states, and in modern Arabic is analogous to the English word "prince". The word entered English in 1593, from the French émir.[1] It was one of the titles or names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[citation needed]

Other Languages
العربية: أمير
asturianu: Emir
azərbaycanca: Əmir
বাংলা: আমির
Bân-lâm-gú: Amir
беларуская: Эмір
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эмір
български: Емир
català: Emir
čeština: Emír
dansk: Emir
Deutsch: Emir
eesti: Emiir
Ελληνικά: Εμίρης
español: Emir
Esperanto: Emiro
euskara: Emir
français: Émir
Frysk: Emir
galego: Emir
한국어: 아미르
हिन्दी: अमीर
hrvatski: Emir
Ido: Emiro
Bahasa Indonesia: Amir
íslenska: Emír
italiano: Emiro
עברית: אמיר
ქართული: ამირა
қазақша: Әмір
Kiswahili: Amiri
Кыргызча: Эмир
Latina: Amiralis
latviešu: Emīrs
lietuvių: Emyras
magyar: Emír
മലയാളം: അമീർ
Bahasa Melayu: Amir
Nederlands: Emir
日本語: アミール
norsk: Emir
norsk nynorsk: Emir
occitan: Emir
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Amir
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਅਮੀਰ (ਪਦਵੀ)
polski: Emir
português: Emir
română: Emir
русский: Эмир
Scots: Emir
Simple English: Emir
سنڌي: امير
српски / srpski: Емир
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Emir
suomi: Emiiri
svenska: Emir
Tagalog: Emir
українська: Емір
اردو: امیر
Tiếng Việt: Emir
中文: 埃米爾