Emeritus (s/),[Note 1] in its current usage, is an adjective used to designate a retired professor, pastor, bishop, pope, director, president, prime minister, rabbi, or other person.

In some cases, the term is conferred automatically upon all persons who retire at a given rank, but in others, it remains a mark of distinguished service, awarded to only a few on retirement. It is also used when a person of distinction in a profession retires or hands over the position, enabling their former rank to be retained in their title, e.g., "Professor Emeritus". The term emeritus does not necessarily signify that a person has relinquished all the duties of their former position, and they may continue to exercise some of them.


Emerere is a compound of the Latin prefix e- (a variant of ex-) meaning "out of, from" and merere meaning "earn"; emeritus is the past participle of the verb.[1] The female equivalent, emerita (ə/[2][3]), is also sometimes used, but as is often true of loanwords, the use of the donor language's inflectional system faces limits in the recipient language; in English, emeritus is often unmarked for gender.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Emeritaat
български: Емерит
bosanski: Emeritus
català: Emèrit
čeština: Emeritura
dansk: Emeritus
Deutsch: Emeritierung
eesti: Emeeritus
español: Emérito
Frysk: Emeritaat
galego: Emérito
hrvatski: Emeritus
Bahasa Indonesia: Emeritus
íslenska: Emeritus
italiano: Emerito
Latina: Emeritus
lietuvių: Emeritas
magyar: Emeritus
മലയാളം: എമിരിറ്റസ്
Bahasa Melayu: Emeritus
Nederlands: Emeritaat
日本語: 名誉教授
norsk: Emeritus
norsk nynorsk: Emeritus
português: Emérito
română: Emerit
русский: Эмерит
Simple English: Emeritus
slovenčina: Emeritný
slovenščina: Emeritus
српски / srpski: Emeritus
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Emeritus
suomi: Emeritus
svenska: Emeritus
українська: Емерит