Elon Musk

Elon Musk

A close-up of Musk's face while giving a speech
Musk in 2016
Elon Reeve Musk

(1971-06-28) June 28, 1971 (age 47)
Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa
ResidenceBel Air, Los Angeles, California, United States[1][2]
  • South Africa (1971–present)
  • Canada (1989–present)
  • United States (2002–present)
Alma mater
  • Entrepreneur
  • investor
  • engineer
Years active1995–present
Net worthUS$22.8 billion (December 2018)[5]
Political partyIndependent
Children6 (1 deceased)
AwardsFellow of the Royal Society
Elon Musk

Elon Reeve Musk FRS (n/; born June 28, 1971) is a technology entrepreneur, investor, and engineer.[9][10][11] He holds South African, Canadian, and U.S. citizenship and is the founder, CEO, and lead designer of SpaceX;[12] co-founder, CEO, and product architect of Tesla, Inc.;[13] co-founder and CEO of Neuralink; and co-founder of PayPal.In December 2016, he was ranked 21st on the Forbes list of The World's Most Powerful People.[14] As of October 2018, he has a net worth of $22.8 billion and is listed by Forbes as the 54th-richest person in the world.[15]

Born and raised in Pretoria, South Africa, Musk moved to Canada when he was 17 to attend Queen's University. He transferred to the University of Pennsylvania two years later, where he received an economics degree from the Wharton School and a degree in physics from the College of Arts and Sciences. He began a Ph.D. in applied physics and material sciences at Stanford University in 1995 but dropped out after two days to pursue an entrepreneurial career. He subsequently co-founded Zip2, a web software company, which was acquired by Compaq for $340 million in 1999. Musk then founded X.com, an online bank. It merged with Confinity in 2000 and later that year became PayPal, which was bought by eBay for $1.5 billion in October 2002.[20]

In May 2002, Musk founded SpaceX, an aerospace manufacturer and space transport services company, of which he is CEO and lead designer. He helped fund Tesla, Inc., an electric vehicle and solar panel manufacturer, in 2003, and became its CEO and product architect. In 2006, he inspired the creation of SolarCity, a solar energy services company that is now a subsidiary of Tesla, and operates as its chairman. In 2015, Musk co-founded OpenAI, a nonprofit research company that aims to promote friendly artificial intelligence. In July 2016, he co-founded Neuralink, a neurotechnology company focused on developing brain–computer interfaces, and is its CEO. In December 2016, Musk founded The Boring Company, an infrastructure and tunnel-construction company.

In addition to his primary business pursuits, Musk has envisioned a high-speed transportation system known as the Hyperloop, and has proposed a vertical take-off and landing supersonic jet electric aircraft with electric fan propulsion, known as the Musk electric jet.[21][22]Musk has stated that the goals of SpaceX, Tesla, and SolarCity revolve around his vision to change the world and humanity.[23] His goals include reducing global warming through sustainable energy production and consumption, and reducing the risk of human extinction by establishing a human colony on Mars.[24]

Early life

Early childhood

Musk was born on June 28, 1971, in Pretoria, Transvaal, South Africa,[25] the son of Maye Musk (née Haldeman), a model and dietitian from Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada,[26] and Errol Musk, a South African electromechanical engineer, pilot, and sailor. He has a younger brother, Kimbal (born 1972), and a younger sister, Tosca (born 1974).[30] His paternal grandmother was British, and he also has Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry.[31][32] His maternal grandfather Joshua Haldeman was American, from Minnesota.[33] After his parents divorced in 1980, Musk lived mostly with his father in the suburbs of Pretoria,[31] which Musk chose two years after his parents split up, but now says was a mistake.[34] As an adult, Musk has severed relations with his father.[34] He has a half-sister[35] and a half-brother.[36]

During his childhood, Musk was an avid reader.[37] At age 10, he developed an interest in computing with the Commodore VIC-20.[38] He taught himself computer programming at the age of 10, and by the age of 12 sold the code of a BASIC-based video game he created called Blastar, to a magazine called PC and Office Technology, for approximately $500.[39][40] A web version of the game is available online.[39][41] His childhood reading included Isaac Asimov's Foundation series from which he drew the lesson that "you should try to take the set of actions that are likely to prolong civilization, minimize the probability of a dark age and reduce the length of a dark age if there is one."[34]

Musk was severely bullied throughout his childhood[34] and was once hospitalized when a group of boys threw him down a flight of stairs and then beat him until he lost consciousness.[37][42]

Musk attended Waterkloof House Preparatory School and Bryanston High School[42] before graduating from Pretoria Boys High School. Although Musk's father insisted that Elon go to college in Pretoria, Musk became determined to move to the United States. As he states, "I remember thinking and seeing that America is where great things are possible, more than any other country in the world."[43] Knowing it would be easy to get to the United States from Canada, he moved to Canada against his father's wishes in June 1989, just before his 18th birthday,[44] after obtaining a Canadian passport through his Canadian-born mother.[45][46]


At age 17, in 1989, Elon Musk moved to Canada to attend Queen's University, avoiding mandatory service in the South African military. He left in 1992 to study business and physics at the University of Pennsylvania, and graduated with an undergraduate degree in economics and stayed for a second bachelor's degree in physics.

After leaving Penn, Elon Musk headed to Stanford University in California to pursue a PhD in energy physics. However, his move was timed perfectly with the Internet boom, and he dropped out of Stanford after just two days to become a part of it, launching his first company, Zip2 Corporation.[47]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Elon Musk
العربية: إيلون مسك
asturianu: Elon Musk
azərbaycanca: İlon Mask
تۆرکجه: ایلان ماسک
বাংলা: ইলন মাস্ক
Bân-lâm-gú: Elon Musk
беларуская: Ілан Маск
भोजपुरी: एलन मस्क
български: Илон Мъск
Boarisch: Elon Musk
bosanski: Elon Musk
català: Elon Musk
Чӑвашла: Маск Илон
čeština: Elon Musk
Cymraeg: Elon Musk
dansk: Elon Musk
Deutsch: Elon Musk
eesti: Elon Musk
Ελληνικά: Έλον Μασκ
español: Elon Musk
Esperanto: Elon Musk
euskara: Elon Musk
français: Elon Musk
Gaeilge: Elon Musk
galego: Elon Musk
ગુજરાતી: એલોન મસ્ક
한국어: 일론 머스크
հայերեն: Իլոն Մասկ
हिन्दी: एलन मस्क
hrvatski: Elon Musk
Bahasa Indonesia: Elon Musk
íslenska: Elon Musk
italiano: Elon Musk
Basa Jawa: Elon Musk
ქართული: ელონ მასკი
қазақша: Илон Маск
Кыргызча: Илон Маск
Latina: Elon Musk
latviešu: Īlons Masks
Lëtzebuergesch: Elon Musk
lietuvių: Elon Musk
lumbaart: Elon Musk
magyar: Elon Musk
मैथिली: इलोन मस्क
македонски: Илон Маск
Malagasy: Elon Musk
മലയാളം: ഈലോൺ മസ്ക്
मराठी: इलॉन मस्क
მარგალური: ელონ მასკი
монгол: Элон Маск
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အီလွန် မက်စ်
Nederlands: Elon Musk
नेपाली: एलन मस्क
norsk: Elon Musk
occitan: Elon Musk
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Elon Musk
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਈਲਾਨ ਮਸਕ
polski: Elon Musk
português: Elon Musk
română: Elon Musk
русский: Маск, Илон
Scots: Elon Musk
shqip: Elon Musk
Simple English: Elon Musk
slovenčina: Elon Musk
српски / srpski: Илон Маск
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Elon Musk
suomi: Elon Musk
svenska: Elon Musk
татарча/tatarça: İlon Mask
తెలుగు: ఎలన్ మస్క్
Türkçe: Elon Musk
українська: Ілон Маск
Tiếng Việt: Elon Musk
Winaray: Elon Musk
Zazaki: Elon Musk
žemaitėška: Elon Musk