Electric car

Modern all-electric cars
Nissan Leaf on the highway
BMW i3 charging on the street
Renault Zoe on the street

An electric car (also battery electric car or all-electric car) is a plug-in electric automobile that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy typically stored in rechargeable batteries.

Since 2008, a renaissance in electric vehicle manufacturing occurred due to advances in batteries, concerns about increasing oil prices, and the desire to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.[1][2] Several national and local governments have established tax credits, subsidies, and other incentives to promote the introduction and adoption in the mass market of new electric vehicles, often depending on battery size, their electric range and purchase price. The current maximum tax credit allowed by the US Government is US$7,500 per car.[3] Compared with internal combustion engine vehicles, electric cars are quieter and have no tailpipe emissions, and, often lower emissions in general.[4]

Charging an electric car can be done at a variety of charging stations, these charging stations can be installed in both houses and public areas.[5] The two best selling electric cars, the Nissan Leaf and the Tesla Model S, have EPA-rated ranges reaching up to 151 mi (243 km) and 335 mi (539 km) respectively.[6][7]

As of September 2018, there are over 4 million all-electric and plug-in hybrid cars in use around the world,[8][9][10] of which, 2.6 million were pure electric cars (65%).[11] The Nissan Leaf is the best-selling highway-capable electric car ever with 370,000 units sold globally, followed by the Tesla Model S with 253,000 units sold worldwide, both through October 2018.[12][13]


NASA's Lunar Roving Vehicles were battery-driven

Electric cars are a variety of electric vehicle (EV). The term "electric vehicle" refers to any vehicle that uses electric motors for propulsion, while "electric car" generally refers to highway-capable automobiles powered by electricity. Low-speed electric vehicles, classified as neighborhood electric vehicles (NEVs) in the United States,[14] and as electric motorised quadricycles in Europe,[15] are plug-in electric-powered microcars or city cars with limitations in terms of weight, power and maximum speed that are allowed to travel on public roads and city streets up to a certain posted speed limit, which varies by country.

While an electric car's power source is not explicitly an on-board battery, electric cars with motors powered by other energy sources are typically referred to by a different name. An electric car carrying solar panels to power it is a solar car, and an electric car powered by a gasoline generator is a form of hybrid car. Thus, an electric car that derives its power from an on-board battery pack is a form of battery electric vehicle (BEV). Most often, the term "electric car" is used to refer to battery electric vehicles, but may also refer to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV).

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Elektrik avtomobili
беларуская: Электрамабіль
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Электрамабіль
čeština: Elektromobil
Cymraeg: Car trydan
dansk: Elbil
Deutsch: Elektroauto
한국어: 전기자동차
Bahasa Indonesia: Mobil listrik
íslenska: Rafbíll
italiano: Auto elettrica
latviešu: Elektromobilis
lietuvių: Elektromobilis
Bahasa Melayu: Kereta elektrik
မြန်မာဘာသာ: လျှပ်စစ်ကား
Nederlands: Elektrische auto
日本語: 電気自動車
norsk: Elbil
norsk nynorsk: Elbil
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Elektromobil
slovenčina: Elektromobil
slovenščina: Električni avtomobil
svenska: Elbil
українська: Електромобіль
中文: 电动汽车