Elbląg

Elbląg
SM Elbląg Kościół św Mikołaja (3) ID 644686.jpg
Buildings in Elblag.JPGElblag, Clock tower.JPG
Elbląg Kanał Elbląski nr 644900 fota 8.JPG
Flag of Elbląg
Flag
Coat of arms of Elbląg
Coat of arms
Elbląg is located in Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship
Elbląg
Elbląg
Elbląg is located in Poland
Elbląg
Elbląg
Coordinates: 54°10′0″N 19°24′0″E / 54°10′0″N 19°24′0″E / 54.16667; 19.40000
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWarmian-Masurian
CountyCity county
Established1237
City rights1246
Government
 • MayorWitold Wróblewski
Area
 • Total79,82 km2 (3,082 sq mi)
Population (December 31, 2011)
 • Total124,257[1]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code82-300 to 82-315
Area code(s)+48 55
Car platesNE
ClimateDfb
Websitehttp://www.elblag.eu

Elbląg [ˈɛlblɔŋk] (About this sound listen) (German: Elbing; Old Prussian: Elbings) is a city in northern Poland on the eastern edge of the Żuławy region with 124,257 inhabitants (December 31, 2011). It is the capital of Elbląg County and has been assigned (since 1999) to the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship. Previously it was the capital of Elbląg Voivodeship (1975–1998) and a county seat within Gdańsk Voivodeship (1945–1975).

Elbląg is one of the oldest cities in the province.[2] Its history dates back to 1237, when the Teutonic Order constructed their fortified stronghold on the banks of a nearby river. The castle subsequently served as the official seat of the Teutonic Order Masters.

Elbląg became part of the Hanseatic League, which contributed much to the city's wealth. Through the Hansa agreement, the city was linked to other major ports like Danzig (Gdańsk), Lübeck and Amsterdam. After the defeat of the Teutonic Knights at the Battle of Grunwald and conclusion of the Second Peace of Thorn in 1466, the city was annexed by Poland. It then flourished and turned into a significant trading point, but its growth was eventually hindered by the Second Northern War and the Swedish Deluge.

The city was transferred to Prussia after the first partition of Poland in 1772.[3] Its trading role greatly weakened, until the era of industrialization, which occurred in the 19th century. It was then that the famous Elbląg Canal was commissioned.[4]

After World War II the city again became part of Poland. The war casualties were catastrophic, especially the severe destruction of the Old Town district, one of the grandest and most beautiful in East Prussia.

Today, Elbląg has over 120,000 inhabitants and is a "vibrant city with an attractive tourist base".[2] It serves as an academic and financial center and among its numerous historic monuments is the Market Gate from 1309 and St. Nicholas Cathedral. Elbląg is also renowned for its archaeological sites, museums and the largest brewery in the country.[5]

The Elbląg Canal is believed to be one of the most important monuments related to the history of engineering[6] and has been named one of the Seven Wonders of Poland.[7] The canal was also named one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments (Pomnik historii) in 2011. Its listing is maintained by the National Heritage Board of Poland.

Etymology

Elbląg is the Polish derivative of the German name Elbing, which was assigned by the Teutonic Knights to the citadel and subsequent town placed by them in 1237 next to the river. The purpose of the citadel was to prevent the Old Prussian settlement of Truso from being reoccupied, as the German crusaders were at exterminatory war with the pagan Prussians. The citadel was named after the river, itself of uncertain etymology. One traditional etymology connects it to the name of the Helveconae, a Germanic tribe mentioned in Ancient Greek and Latin sources, but the etymology or language of the tribal name remains unknown. The oldest known mention of the river or town Elbing is in the form Ylfing in the report of a sailor Wulfstan from the end of the 9th century, in The Voyages of Ohthere and Wulfstan which was written in Anglo-Saxon in King Alfred's reign.

Other Languages
Ænglisc: Ilfingburg
العربية: البلنغ
Bân-lâm-gú: Elbląg
беларуская: Эльблёнг
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Эльблёнг
български: Елбльонг
Boarisch: Elbing
català: Elbląg
čeština: Elbląg
corsu: Elbląg
dansk: Elbląg
Deutsch: Elbląg
eesti: Elbląg
español: Elbląg
Esperanto: Elbląg
euskara: Elbląg
فارسی: البلنگ
français: Elbląg
Gaelg: Elbląg
한국어: 엘블롱크
հայերեն: Էլբլոնգ
Bahasa Indonesia: Elbląg
italiano: Elbląg
עברית: אלבלונג
Basa Jawa: Elbląg
Latina: Elbinga
latviešu: Elblonga
lietuvių: Elbingas
magyar: Elbląg
Bahasa Melayu: Elbląg
Dorerin Naoero: Elbląg
Nederlands: Elbląg (stad)
norsk: Elbląg
norsk nynorsk: Elbląg
Plattdüütsch: Elwing
polski: Elbląg
português: Elbląg
română: Elbląg
Runa Simi: Elbląg
русский: Эльблонг
sardu: Elbląg
Scots: Elbląg
Simple English: Elbląg
slovenčina: Elbląg
ślůnski: Elblůng
српски / srpski: Елблаг
suomi: Elbląg
svenska: Elbląg
татарча/tatarça: Эльблонг
Türkçe: Elbląg
українська: Ельблонг
Tiếng Việt: Elbląg
Winaray: Elbląg
粵語: 艾布隆格