El Salvador

Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador (Spanish)
Motto: "Dios, Unión, Libertad" (Spanish)
English: "God, Unity, Freedom"
Anthem: Himno Nacional de El Salvador
(English: "National Anthem of El Salvador")
Location of El Salvador
Location of El Salvador
Capital
and largest city
San Salvador
13°40′N 89°10′W / 13°40′N 89°10′W / 13.667; -89.167
Official languagesSpanish
Ethnic groups
DemonymSalvadoran
Guanaco (Informal)
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic
• President
Salvador Sánchez Cerén
Óscar Ortiz
LegislatureLegislative Assembly
Independence
• Declared from Spain
September 15, 1821
June 12, 1824
• Becomes an independent nation[2]
February 18, 1841
Area
• Total
21,041 km2 (8,124 sq mi) (148th)
• Water (%)
1.5
Population
• 2016 estimate
6,344,722[3] (99th)
• Density
303.1/km2 (785.0/sq mi) (47th)
GDP (PPP)2015 estimate
• Total
$52.666 billion[4]
• Per capita
$8,668[4]
GDP (nominal)2015 estimate
• Total
$28.986 billion[4]
• Per capita
$4,776[4]
Gini (2013)43.5[5]
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.686[6]
medium · 116th
CurrencyUnited States dollara (USD)
Time zoneCST (UTC−6)
Drives on theright
Calling code+503b
ISO 3166 codeSV
Internet TLD.sv
  1. The United States dollar is the currency in use. Financial information can be expressed in U.S. dollars and in Salvadoran colón, but the colón is out of circulation.[7]
  2. Telephone companies (market share): Tigo (45%), Claro (25%), Movistar (24%), Digicel (5.5%), Red (0.5%).

El Salvador (ɔːr/ (About this sound listen); Spanish: [el salβaˈðor]), officially the Republic of El Salvador (Spanish: República de El Salvador, literally "Republic of The Savior"), is the smallest and the most densely populated country in Central America. El Salvador's capital and largest city is San Salvador. As of 2016, the country had a population of approximately 6.34 million.[3]

El Salvador was for centuries inhabited by several Mesoamerican nations, especially the Cuzcatlecs, as well as the Lenca and Maya. In the early 16th century, the Spanish Empire conquered the territory, incorporating it into the Viceroyalty of New Spain ruled from Mexico City. However the Viceroyalty of Mexico had little or no influence in the daily affairs of the Central American isthmus, which would be colonized in 1524. In 1609 the area became the Captaincy General of Guatemala, from which El Salvador was part of until its independence from Spain, which took place in 1821, as part of the First Mexican Empire, then further seceded, as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, in 1823. When the Republic dissolved in 1841, El Salvador became a sovereign nation, then formed a short-lived union with Honduras and Nicaragua called the Greater Republic of Central America, which lasted from 1895 to 1898.[8][9][10]

From the late 19th to the mid-20th century, El Salvador endured chronic political and economic instability characterized by coups, revolts, and a succession of authoritarian rulers. Persistent socioeconomic inequality and civil unrest culminated in the devastating Salvadoran Civil War (1979–1992), which was fought between the military-led government and a coalition of left-wing guerrilla groups. The conflict ended with the Chapultepec Peace Accords. This negotiated settlement established a multiparty constitutional republic, which remains in place to this day.

El Salvador's economy has historically been dominated by agriculture, beginning with the indigo plant (añil in Spanish), the most important crop during the colonial period,[11][12] and followed thereafter by coffee, which by the early 20th century accounted for 90 percent of export earnings.[13][14] El Salvador has since reduced its dependence on coffee and embarked on diversifying the economy by opening up trade and financial links and expanding the manufacturing sector.[15] The colón, the official currency of El Salvador since 1892, was replaced by the U.S. dollar in 2001.

As of 2010, El Salvador ranks 12th among Latin American countries in terms of the Human Development Index and fourth in Central America (behind Panama, Costa Rica, and Belize) due in part to ongoing rapid industrialisation.[16] However, the country continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, inequality, and crime.

Etymology

Conquistador Pedro de Alvarado named the new province for Jesus ChristEl Salvador ("The Savior"). The full name was "Provincia De Nuestro Señor Jesus Cristo, El Salvador Del Mundo" ("Province of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Savior of the World"), which was subsequently abbreviated to "El Salvador" (The Savior).[17]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Салвадор
адыгабзэ: Салвадор
Afrikaans: El Salvador
Alemannisch: El Salvador
العربية: السلفادور
aragonés: El Salvador
armãneashti: El Salvador
arpetan: Salvador
asturianu: El Salvador
Avañe'ẽ: Salvador
Aymar aru: El Salvador
azərbaycanca: Salvador
تۆرکجه: السالوادور
bamanankan: El Salvador
Bân-lâm-gú: El Salvador
башҡортса: Сальвадор
беларуская: Сальвадор
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сальвадор
भोजपुरी: एल सल्वाडोर
Bikol Central: El Salvador
български: Салвадор
Boarisch: El Salvador
bosanski: El Salvador
brezhoneg: El Salvador
буряад: Сальвадор
català: El Salvador
Cebuano: El Salvador
čeština: Salvador
Chavacano de Zamboanga: El Salvador
chiShona: El Salvador
Cymraeg: El Salfador
davvisámegiella: El Salvador
Deutsch: El Salvador
ދިވެހިބަސް: އެލްސެލްވަޑޯރު
dolnoserbski: El Salvador
Ελληνικά: Ελ Σαλβαδόρ
эрзянь: Сальвадор
español: El Salvador
Esperanto: Salvadoro
estremeñu: El Salvaol
euskara: El Salvador
eʋegbe: El Salvador
Fiji Hindi: El Salvador
føroyskt: El Salvador
français: Salvador
Gagauz: El Salvador
Gàidhlig: El Salbhador
galego: O Salvador
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: अल साल्वाडोर
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: El Salvador
한국어: 엘살바도르
Հայերեն: Սալվադոր
hornjoserbsce: El Salvador
hrvatski: Salvador
Ilokano: El Salvador
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: এল সালভাদর
Bahasa Indonesia: El Salvador
interlingua: El Salvador
Interlingue: El Salvador
isiZulu: El Salvador
íslenska: El Salvador
italiano: El Salvador
Basa Jawa: Èl Salvador
Kapampangan: El Salvador
ქართული: სალვადორი
қазақша: Сальвадор
kernowek: El Salvador
Kinyarwanda: Saluvadoro
Kiswahili: El Salvador
Kreyòl ayisyen: Salvadò
kurdî: El Salvador
Кыргызча: Сальвадор
кырык мары: Сальвадор
Ladino: El Salvador
لۊری شومالی: اٛلسالڤادور
Latina: Salvatoria
latviešu: Salvadora
Lëtzebuergesch: El Salvador
lietuvių: Salvadoras
Ligure: El Salvador
Limburgs: El Salvador
lingála: El Salvador
Livvinkarjala: Sal’vador
la .lojban.: salbador
lumbaart: El Salvador
magyar: Salvador
македонски: Ел Салвадор
Malagasy: Salvador
മലയാളം: എൽ സാൽവദോർ
მარგალური: სალვადორი
مازِرونی: السالوادور
Bahasa Melayu: El Salvador
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: El Salvador
Nāhuatl: Cozcatlan
Dorerin Naoero: Ersarbador
Nederlands: El Salvador
नेपाल भाषा: एल साल्भादोर
нохчийн: Сальвадор
Nordfriisk: El Salvador
Norfuk / Pitkern: El Salvador
norsk nynorsk: El Salvador
Novial: El Salvador
occitan: Lo Salvador
олык марий: Сальвадор
Oromoo: El Salvaador
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: El Salvador
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਸਾਲਵਾਦੋਰ
پنجابی: ال سالواڈور
Papiamentu: El Salvador
Patois: El Salvaduor
Piemontèis: El Salvador
Plattdüütsch: El Salvador
polski: Salwador
português: El Salvador
Qaraqalpaqsha: El Salvador
qırımtatarca: El Salvador
română: El Salvador
Runa Simi: Salwadur
русиньскый: Салвадор
русский: Сальвадор
саха тыла: Эл Салвадор
संस्कृतम्: एल-साल्वाडोर
shqip: Salvadori
sicilianu: El Salvador
Simple English: El Salvador
SiSwati: ISalivado
slovenčina: Salvádor
slovenščina: Salvador
ślůnski: Salwadůr
Soomaaliga: El Salfador
српски / srpski: Салвадор
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Salvador
Basa Sunda: Él Salvador
svenska: El Salvador
Tagalog: El Salvador
татарча/tatarça: Сальвадор
tetun: Salvadór
тоҷикӣ: Салвадор
Türkçe: El Salvador
українська: Сальвадор
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: ئەل سالۋادور
Vahcuengh: El Salvador
vèneto: El Salvador
vepsän kel’: Sal'vador
Tiếng Việt: El Salvador
Volapük: Salvadorän
文言: 薩爾瓦多
Winaray: El Salvador
Wolof: Salbadoor
吴语: 薩爾瓦多
Yorùbá: El Salfador
粵語: 薩爾瓦多
Zazaki: El Salvador
Zeêuws: El Salvador
žemaitėška: Salvaduors
中文: 萨尔瓦多
Lingua Franca Nova: Salvador