Eighth note

Figure 1. An eighth note with stem extending up, an eighth note with stem extending down, and an eighth rest.
Figure 2. Four eighth notes beamed together.
Whole noteHalf noteQuarter noteEighth noteSixteenth noteThirty-second note
Comparison of duple note values (whole note = 2×half note, etc.)
Drum pattern, quarter notes on bass and snare,
accompanied by ride patterns of various
duple lengths from whole note to 128th (all at quarter note=60)
Spoken content iconAbout this sound1About this sound2About this sound4About this sound8
About this sound16About this sound32About this sound64About this sound128

An eighth note (American) or a quaver (British) is a musical note played for one eighth the duration of whole note (semibreve), hence the name. This amounts to twice the value of the sixteenth note (semiquaver). It is half the duration of a quarter note (crotchet), one quarter the duration of a half note (minim), one eighth the duration of whole note (semibreve), one sixteenth the duration of a double whole note (breve), and one thirty-second the duration of a longa. It is the equivalent of the fusa in mensural notation (Morehen and Rastell 2001)

Eighth notes are notated with an oval, filled-in note head and a straight note stem with one flag note flag (see Figure 1). The stem is placed to the right of the notehead and extends upwards if the notehead lies below the middle line of the staff, and to the left of the notehead extending downwards if the notehead lies on or above the middle line of the staff, in instrumental notation. In vocal music, a middle-line notehead extends upward instead of downward. A related symbol is the eighth rest (or quaver rest), which denotes a silence for the same duration (Anon. 2016).

In Unicode, the symbols U+266A (♪) and U+266B (♫) are an eighth note and beamed pair of eighth notes respectively. The two symbols are inherited from the early 1980s code page 437, where they occupied codes 13 and 14 respectively. Additions to the Unicode standard also incorporated additional eighth note depictions from Japanese emoji sets: ascending eighth notes (U+1F39C, 🎜), descending eighth notes (U+1F39D, 🎝), a graphical generic musical note generally depicted as an eighth note (U+1F3B5, 🎵), and three unconnected eighth notes in sequence (U+1F3B6, 🎶). Unicode's Musical Symbols block includes several variations of the eighth note; these are the versions intended to be used in computerized musical notation (as opposed to the others, which are graphical dingbats).

Eighth notes in 3
, 6
, 9
, and 12
are beamed three eighth notes at a time. A single eighth note is always stemmed with a flag, while two or more are usually beamed in groups (Gerou 1996, p. 211).

Other Languages
aragonés: Corchea
azərbaycanca: Səkkizlik not
български: Осмина нота
català: Corxera
Cymraeg: Cwafer
Deutsch: Achtelnote
español: Corchea
euskara: Kortxea
فارسی: چنگ (نت)
français: Croche (musique)
galego: Corchea
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Pat-fûn Yîm-fù
한국어: 팔분음표
italiano: Croma
Bahasa Melayu: Kuaver
norsk nynorsk: Åttedelsnote
português: Colcheia
српски / srpski: Осмина ноте
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Osmina note
svenska: Åttondelsnot
Tiếng Việt: Nốt móc đơn
粵語: 八分音符
中文: 八分音符