Eighth Crusade

The Eighth Crusade was a crusade launched by Louis IX of France against the city of Tunis in 1270. The Eighth Crusade is sometimes counted as the Seventh, if the Fifth and Sixth Crusades of Frederick II are counted as a single crusade. The Ninth Crusade is sometimes also counted as part of the Eighth. The crusade is considered a failure after Louis died shortly after arriving on the shores of Tunisia, with his disease-ridden army dispersing back to Europe shortly afterwards.[1]

Background

Despite the failure of the Seventh Crusade, which ended in the capture of King Louis by the Mamluks, the King did not lose interest in crusading. He continued to send financial aid and military support to the settlements in Outremer from 1254 to 1266.[2] While the "crusade" of the King's brother Charles of Anjou against the Hohenstaufen Kingdom of Sicily occupied Papal attention for some years,[3] the advance of Baibars in Syria during the early 1260s became increasingly alarming to Christendom. The War of Saint Sabas between Genoa and Venice had drawn in the Crusader States and depleted their resources and manpower. The exhausted settlements were systematically overrun by the methodical campaigns of Baibars.[4] By 1265, he had raided Galilee and destroyed the cathedral of Nazareth, captured Caesarea and Arsuf and temporarily took Haifa.[5] In late 1266, Louis informed Pope Clement IV that he intended to go on crusade again.[6]

Other Languages
asturianu: Octava cruzada
Ελληνικά: Η΄ Σταυροφορία
español: Octava cruzada
Esperanto: Oka krucmilito
Bahasa Indonesia: Perang Salib Kedelapan
italiano: Ottava crociata
Bahasa Melayu: Perang Salib Kelapan
Nederlands: Achtste Kruistocht
日本語: 第8回十字軍
português: Oitava Cruzada
română: Cruciada a opta
српски / srpski: Осми крсташки рат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Osmi križarski rat