Edwin Lutyens

Sir Edwin Lutyens

Edwin Lutyens.jpg
Edwin Landseer Lutyens

(1869-03-29)29 March 1869
Kensington, London, England
Died1 January 1944(1944-01-01) (aged 74)
Marylebone, London, England,[1]
Alma materRoyal College of Art
ProjectsNew Delhi

Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens, OM, KCIE, PRA, FRIBA (z/; LUT-yənz; 29 March 1869 – 1 January 1944[2]) was an English architect known for imaginatively adapting traditional architectural styles to the requirements of his era. He designed many English country houses, war memorials and public buildings. In his biography, the writer Christopher Hussey wrote, "In his lifetime (Lutyens) was widely held to be our greatest architect since Wren if not, as many maintained, his superior".[3] The architectural historian Gavin Stamp described him as "surely the greatest British architect of the twentieth (or of any other) century".[4]

Lutyens played an instrumental role in designing and building New Delhi, which would later on serve as the seat of the Government of India.[5] In recognition of his contribution, New Delhi is also known as "Lutyens' Delhi". In collaboration with Sir Herbert Baker, he was also the main architect of several monuments in New Delhi such as the India Gate; he also designed Viceroy's House, which is now known as the Rashtrapati Bhavan.[6][7]

Early life

Lutyens was born in Kensington, London,[8] the tenth of thirteen children of Mary Theresa Gallwey (1832/33–1906) from Killarney, Ireland and Captain Charles Henry Augustus Lutyens (1829–1915), a soldier and painter.[9][10] His sister, Mary Constance Elphinstone Lutyens (1868-1951), wrote novels under her married name Mrs George Wemyss.[11][better source needed] He grew up in Thursley, Surrey. He was named after a friend of his father, the painter and sculptor Edwin Henry Landseer. Lutyens studied architecture at South Kensington School of Art, London from 1885 to 1887. After college he joined the Ernest George and Harold Peto architectural practice. It was here that he first met Sir Herbert Baker. For many years he worked from offices at 29 Bloomsbury Square, London.

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