Edward Smith (sea captain)

Captain
Edward John Smith
R.D. R.N.R.
Edward J. Smith.jpg
Captain E. J. Smith
Born(1850-01-27)27 January 1850
Hanley, Staffordshire, England
Died15 April 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 62)
Atlantic Ocean
Cause of deathDrowned in the ship; body never recovered
Resting place41°43′32″N 49°56′49″W / 41°43′32″N 49°56′49″W / 41.72556; -49.94694
NationalityBritish
OccupationShip captain
EmployerWhite Star Line
Known forCaptain of R.M.S. Titanic and R.M.S. Olympic
Spouse(s)
Sarah Eleanor Pennington (m. 1887)
ChildrenHelen Melville Smith
(1898–1973)
Parent(s)Edward Smith
Catherine Hancock (née Marsh)
Notes

Ranks:

CommanderRNR (Retired)

Captain – White Star Line

Honorific rank of commodore, as the White Star Line's most senior captain

Edward John Smith, RD (27 January 1850 – 15 April 1912) was a British Merchant Navy officer. He served as master of numerous White Star Line vessels. He is best known as the captain of the RMS Titanic, who perished when the ship sank on its maiden voyage.

Raised in a working environment, he left school early to join the Merchant Navy and the Royal Naval Reserve. After earning his master's ticket, he entered the service of the White Star Line, a prestigious British company. He quickly rose through the ranks and graduated in 1887. His first command was the SS Celtic. He served as commanding officer of numerous White Star Line vessels,[1] including the Majestic (which he commanded for nine years) and attracted a strong and loyal following amongst passengers.

In 1904, Smith became the commodore of the White Star Line, and was responsible for controlling its flagships. He successfully commanded the Baltic, Adriatic and the Olympic. In 1912, he was the captain of the maiden voyage of the RMS Titanic, which struck an iceberg and sank on 15 April 1912; over 1,500 perished in the sinking, including Smith, who went down with the ship. For his stoicism and fortitude in the face of adversity, Smith became an icon of British "stiff upper lip" spirit and discipline.[2]

Early life

Edward John Smith was born on 27 January 1850 on Well Street, Hanley, Staffordshire, England to Edward Smith, a potter, and Catherine Hancock, born Marsh, who married on 2 August 1841 in Shelton, Staffordshire.[3] His parents later owned a shop.

Smith attended the Etruria British School until the age of 13, when he left and operated a steam hammer at the Etruria Forge. In 1867, aged 17 he went to Liverpool in the footsteps of his half-brother Joseph Hancock, a captain on a sailing ship.[4] He began his apprenticeship on Senator Weber, owned by A Gibson & Co. of Liverpool.

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