Education and career
Eduardo Bauzá a lawyer, graduated from the Universidad de Mendoza. He started his political career in Mendoza Province. He got his first political office in 1973 in La Rioja Province as the secretary of development, under Governor Carlos Menem. Menem and Bauzá were deposed during the 1976 Argentine coup d'état, and he was detained by the National Reorganization Process a few months later. He was under arrest from May 1976 to April 1977. He resumed his political career in 1982 and helped establish the "Federalismo y liberación" (Spanish: "Federalism and liberation") faction within the Justicialist Party (PJ), led by Menem. They ran for the primary elecions to the 1983 Argentine general election, and lost to Ítalo Argentino Lúder. Bauzá also ran for the PJ primary election for governor elections, and lost to Carlos Motta.
He was elected as a deputy for Mendoza in 1987. He resigned to organize the political campaign of Menem for the 1989 Argentine general election, which he won. He was appointed as ministry of interior. He served for six months, and then moved to the Ministry of Health. There was a national scandal during his tenure, the "Smock scandal" (Spanish: Escándalo de los guardapolvos"). The state had bought 500,000 school smocks at a much higher price than usual and only delivered a tenth part, despite the payments in advance. Eduardo Bauzá was acquitted in 2005 by judge María Romilda Servini de Cubría.