Edgar Allan Poe bibliography

The works of American author Edgar Allan Poe (January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) include many poems, short stories, and one novel. His fiction spans multiple genres, including horror fiction, adventure, science fiction, and detective fiction, a genre he is credited with inventing.[1] These works are generally considered part of the Dark romanticism movement, a literary reaction to Transcendentalism.[2] Poe's writing reflects his literary theories: he disagreed with didacticism[3] and allegory.[4] Meaning in literature, he said in his criticism, should be an undercurrent just beneath the surface; works whose meanings are too obvious cease to be art.[5] Poe pursued originality in his works, and disliked proverbs.[6] He often included elements of popular pseudosciences such as phrenology[7] and physiognomy.[8] His most recurring themes deal with questions of death, including its physical signs, the effects of decomposition, concerns of premature burial, the reanimation of the dead, and mourning.[9] Though known as a masterly practitioner of Gothic fiction, Poe did not invent the genre; he was following a long-standing popular tradition.[10]

Poe's literary career began in 1827 with the release of 50 copies of Tamerlane and Other Poems credited only to "a Bostonian", a collection of early poems that received virtually no attention.[11] In December 1829, Poe released Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems in Baltimore[12] before delving into short stories for the first time with "Metzengerstein" in 1832.[13] His most successful and most widely read prose during his lifetime was "The Gold-Bug",[14] which earned him a $100 prize, the most money he received for a single work.[15] One of his most important works, "The Murders in the Rue Morgue", was published in 1841 and is today considered the first modern detective story.[16] Poe called it a "tale of ratiocination".[1] Poe became a household name with the publication of "The Raven" in 1845,[17] though it was not a financial success.[18] The publishing industry at the time was a difficult career choice and much of Poe's work was written using themes specifically catered for mass market tastes.[19]

Poetry

Title
Date
First published in
Notes
"Poetry" 1824 Never published in Poe's lifetime [20]
"O, Tempora! O, Mores!" 1825 Never published in Poe's lifetime Not authenticated,[21] attribution to Poe is likely incorrect[22]
"Tamerlane" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Song" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"Imitation" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"A Dream" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [24]
"The Lake" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Spirits of the Dead" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Evening Star" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [23]
"Dreams" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [25]
"Stanzas" July 1827 Tamerlane and Other Poems [26]
"The Happiest Day" September 15, 1827 The North American [24]
"To Margaret" circa 1827 Never published in Poe's lifetime [27]
"Alone" 1829 Never published in Poe's lifetime [28]
"To Isaac Lea" circa 1829 Never published in Poe's lifetime [29]
"To The River ——" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [30]
"To ——" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems Begins "The bowers whereat, in dreams..."[31]
"To ——" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems Begins "Should my early life seem..."[31]
"Romance" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"Fairy-Land" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"To Science" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [32]
"Al Aaraaf" 1829 Al Aaraaf, Tamerlane, and Minor Poems [24]
"An Acrostic" 1829 Never published in Poe's lifetime [24]
"Elizabeth" 1829 Never published in Poe's lifetime [33]
"To Helen" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [33]
"A Paean" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The Sleeper" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The City in the Sea" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"The Valley of Unrest" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"Israfel" 1831 Poems by Edgar A. Poe [34]
"Enigma" February 2, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter [35]
"Fanny" May 18, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter [36]
"The Coliseum" October 26, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter [37]
"Serenade" April 20, 1833 Baltimore Saturday Visiter [38]
"To One in Paradise" January 1834 Godey's Lady's Book [30]
"Hymn" April 1835 Southern Literary Messenger [39]
"To Elizabeth" September 1835 Southern Literary Messenger Republished as "To F——s S. O——d" in 1845[33]
" May Queen Ode" circa 1836 Never published in Poe's lifetime [40]
"Spiritual Song" 1836 Never published in Poe's lifetime [41]
" Latin Hymn" March 1836 Southern Literary Messenger [42]
"Bridal Ballad" January 1837 Southern Literary Messenger Originally published as "Ballad"[43]
"To Zante" January 1837 Southern Literary Messenger [32]
"The Haunted Palace" April 1839 American Museum [44]
"Silence–A Sonnet" January 4, 1840 Saturday Courier [45]
"Lines on Joe Locke" February 28, 1843 Saturday Museum [46]
"The Conqueror Worm" January 1843 Graham's Magazine [47]
"Lenore" February 1843 The Pioneer [48]
" A Campaign Song" 1844 Never published in Poe's lifetime [49]
"Dream-Land" June 1844 Graham's Magazine [47]
"Impromptu. To Kate Carol" April 26, 1845 Broadway Journal [50]
"To F——" April 1845 Broadway Journal Republished as "To Frances" in the September 6, 1845, issue of the Broadway Journal[33]
"Eulalie" July 1845 American Review: A Whig Journal [51]
"Epigram for Wall Street" January 23, 1845 Evening Mirror [52]
"The Raven" February 1845 American Review: A Whig Journal [53]
"The Divine Right of Kings" October 1845 Graham's Magazine [54]
"A Valentine" February 21, 1846 Evening Mirror Originally published as "To Her Whose Name Is Written Below"[55]
"Beloved Physician" 1847 Never published in Poe's lifetime Incomplete[56]
"Deep in Earth" 1847 Never published in Poe's lifetime Incomplete[57]
"To M. L. S—— (1847)" March 13, 1847 The Home Journal [33]
"Ulalume" December 1847 American Whig Review [58]
"Lines on Ale" 1848 Never published in Poe's lifetime [59]
"To Marie Louise" March 1848 Columbian Magazine [60]
"An Enigma" March 1848 Union Magazine of Literature and Art [58]
"To Helen" November 1848 Sartain's Union Magazine [33]
"A Dream Within A Dream" March 31, 1849 The Flag of Our Union [58]
"Eldorado" April 21, 1849 Flag of Our Union [61]
"For Annie" April 28, 1849 Flag of Our Union [58]
"To My Mother" July 7, 1849 Flag of Our Union [30]
"Annabel Lee" October 9, 1849 New York Daily Tribune Sold before Poe's death but published posthumously[62]
"The Bells" November 1849 Sartain's Union Magazine Sold before Poe's death but published posthumously[58]