Eblaite language

Eblaite
RegionEbla
Era3rd millennium BCE[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3xeb
xeb
Glottologebla1238[2]

Eblaite t/ (also known as Eblan ISO 639-3), or Paleo Syrian, is an extinct Semitic language which was used during the third millennium BCE by the populations of Northern Syria.[3] It was named after the ancient city of Ebla, in modern western Syria.[3] Variants of the language were also spoken in Mari and Nagar.[3][4] According to Cyrus H. Gordon,[5] although scribes might have spoken it sometimes, Eblaite was probably not spoken much, being rather a written lingua franca with East and West Semitic features.

Classification

Eblaite has been described as an East Semitic language or a North Semitic language; scholars notice the great affinity between Eblaite and pre-Sargonic Akkadian language and debate the relation between the two.

North Semitic classification

  • Edward Lipiński, noting that in the third millennium BC, there was no clear border between East Semitic languages and West Semitic languages, calls Eblaite a Paleosyrian language and explain the similarities with Akkadian by the use of the same system of writing borrowed from Sumer.[6] Lipiński separates Eblaite from Akkadian, assigning the latter to the East Semitic language while grouping Eblaite with Amorite and Ugaritic into a family he names the North Semitic languages.[7]

East Semitic classification

  • Scholars such as Richard I. Caplice, Ignace Gelb and John Huehnergard, have the view that Eblaite is an East Semitic language not to be seen as an early Akkadian dialect,[8] because the differences with other Akkadian dialects are considerable.[9]
  • Manfred Krebernik says that Eblaite "is so closely related to Akkadian that it may be classified as an early Akkadian dialect", although some of the names that appear in the tablets are Northwest Semitic.[10]

Eblaite is considered by the East-Semitic classification supporters as a language which exhibits both West-Semitic and East-Semitic features.[11][12] Grammatically, Eblaite is closer to Akkadian, but lexically and in some grammatical forms, Eblaite is closer to West-Semitic languages.[13]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Eblaïties
العربية: لغة إبلاوية
aragonés: Idioma eblaíta
asturianu: Idioma eblaíta
беларуская: Эблаіцкая мова
български: Еблаитски език
català: Eblaïta
español: Idioma eblaíta
Esperanto: Eblaa lingvo
français: Éblaïte
hrvatski: Eblanski jezik
italiano: Lingua eblaita
עברית: אבלאית
latviešu: Ebliešu valoda
magyar: Eblai nyelv
македонски: Еблански јазик
Nederlands: Eblaïtisch
日本語: エブラ語
norsk: Eblaittisk
norsk nynorsk: Eblaittisk
português: Língua eblaíta
slovenščina: Eblaitščina
Türkçe: Ebla dili
українська: Еблаїтська мова
中文: 埃勃拉语