East Siberian Sea

East Siberian Sea
East Siberian Sea map.png
Coordinates72°N 163°E / 72°N 163°E / 72; 1631010 acre⋅ft)
FrozenMost of the year
References[1][2][3][4]

The East Siberian Sea (Russian: Восто́чно-Сиби́рское мо́ре, tr. Vostochno-Sibirskoye more) is a marginal sea in the Arctic Ocean. It is located between the Arctic Cape to the north, the coast of Siberia to the south, the New Siberian Islands to the west and Cape Billings, close to Chukotka, and Wrangel Island to the east. This sea borders on the Laptev Sea to the west and the Chukchi Sea to the east.

This sea is one of the least studied in the Arctic area. It is characterized by severe climate, low water salinity, and a scarcity of flora, fauna and human population, as well as shallow depths (mostly less than 50 m), slow sea currents, low tides (below 25 cm), frequent fogs, especially in summer, and an abundance of ice fields which fully melt only in August–September. The sea shores were inhabited for thousands of years[citation needed] by indigenous tribes of Yukaghirs, Chukchi and then Evens and Evenks, which were engaged in fishing, hunting and reindeer husbandry. They were then absorbed by Yakuts and later by Russians.

Major industrial activities in the area are mining and navigation within the Northern Sea Route; commercial fishing is poorly developed. The largest city and port[5] is Pevek, the northernmost city of mainland Russia.[6][7][8]

Name

The present name was assigned to the sea on 27 June 1935 by Decree of the Soviet Government. Before that, the sea had no distinct name was intermixedly called in Russia as "Indigirskoe", "Kolymskoe", "Severnoe" (Northern), "Sibirskoe" or "Ledovitoe".[9]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Şərqi Sibir dənizi
Bân-lâm-gú: Tang Siberia Hái
Bahasa Indonesia: Laut Siberia Timur
Bahasa Melayu: Laut Siberia Timur
norsk nynorsk: Aust-Sibir-havet
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Sharqiy Sibir dengizi
Simple English: East Siberian Sea
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istočnosibirsko more
Tiếng Việt: Biển Đông Xibia