East Anglia

Flag of East Anglia
East Anglia: with the administrative counties of Norfolk and Suffolk (in red) to the north and south and Cambridgeshire (in pink) to the west

East Anglia is a geographical area in the East of England. The area included has varied[1] but the legally defined NUTS 2 statistical unit comprises the counties of Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire, including the City of Peterborough unitary authority area.[2] The name derives from the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of the East Angles, a tribe whose name originated in Anglia, northern Germany.


Definitions of what constitutes East Anglia vary. The Anglo-Saxon Kingdom of East Anglia, established in the 6th century, originally consisted of the modern counties of Norfolk and Suffolk and expanded west into at least part of Cambridgeshire. The modern NUTS 2 statistical unit of East Anglia comprises Norfolk, Suffolk and Cambridgeshire (including the City of Peterborough unitary authority).[2] Those three counties have formed the Roman Catholic Diocese of East Anglia since 1976, and were the subject of a possible government devolution package in 2016.[3][4]

Essex has sometimes been included in definitions of East Anglia, including by the London Society of East Anglians.[note 1] However, the Kingdom of Essex to the south, was a separate element of the Heptarchy of Anglo-Saxon England and did not identify as Angles but Saxons. The county of Essex by itself forms a NUTS 2 statistical unit in the East of England region.

Great Britain around the year 800 showing the East Angles
Redcliffe-Maud proposed provinces; East Anglia is marked 7

Other definitions of the area have been used or proposed over the years. For example, the Redcliffe-Maud Report in 1969, which followed the Royal Commission on the Reform of Local Government, recommended the creation of eight provinces in England. The proposed East Anglia province would have included northern Essex, southern Lincolnshire and a small part of Northamptonshire as well as Cambridgeshire, Norfolk and Suffolk.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Oos-Anglië
العربية: شرق أنجليا
Bân-lâm-gú: Tang Anglia
brezhoneg: East Anglia
català: East Anglia
Deutsch: East Anglia
español: Anglia Oriental
Esperanto: East Anglia
français: Est-Anglie
íslenska: Austur-Anglía
Nordfriisk: East Anglia
norsk nynorsk: East Anglia
Novial: Anglia
Simple English: East Anglia
српски / srpski: Источна Англија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Istočna Anglija
svenska: Östangeln