Dutch Republic

Republic of the Seven United Netherlands

Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden
1581–1795
(part of Spanish Netherlands before 1648)
Motto: Concordia res parvae crescunt[1]
"Unity makes strength"
Anthem: Het Wilhelmus
"The William"
Location of the Dutch Republic in 1789
Location of the Dutch Republic in 1789
The seven provinces together with an eighth not represented in the federal government (Drenthe) and the Generality Lands (in light blue)
The seven provinces together with an eighth not represented in the federal government (Drenthe) and the Generality Lands (in light blue)
CapitalNoneThe Hague (de facto)
Common languagesDutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West Frisian
Religion
Dutch Reformed (state religion)
Catholic, Lutheran, Judaism
GovernmentConfederative republic
Stadtholder 
• 1581–1584
William I (first)
• 1751–1795
William V (last)
Grand Pensionary 
• 1581–1585
Paulus Buys (first)
• 1787–1795
Laurens van de Spiegel (last)
LegislatureStates General
• State council
Council of State
Historical eraEarly modern
23 January 1579
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
19 January 1795
Population
• 1795
1 880 500[2]
CurrencyGuilder
Rijksdaalder
Ducaton
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Spanish Netherlands
Batavian Republic
Today part of

The Dutch Republic or United Provinces was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795. It was the predecessor state of the modern Netherlands and the first nation state of the Dutch people.

Name

The republic was also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (Dutch: Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden), Republic of the Seven United Provinces (Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën), the United Provinces (Verenigde Provinciën), Seven Provinces (Zeven Provinciën), Federated Dutch Provinces (Latin: Foederatae Belgii Provinciae), or the Dutch Federation (Belgica Foederata).

Common names in Dutch for the Republic in official correspondence were:

  • De Republiek ("the Republic")
  • Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the United Netherlands")
  • Republiek der Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the United Provinces")
  • Republiek der Zeven Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven Provinces")
  • Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden ("Republic of the Seven United Netherlands")
  • Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Provinciën ("Republic of the Seven United Provinces")
  • Verenigde Provinciën ("United Provinces")
  • Verenigde Provinciën der Nederlanden ("United Provinces of the Netherlands")
  • Verenigde Staten der Nederlanden ("The United States of the Netherlands")
  • De Verenigde Gewesten ("The United Regions" or one translation would be "The United States")
  • De Zeven Verenigde Gewesten ("The Seven United Regions" or one translation would be "The Seven United States")

And in Latin:

  • Belgica Respublicae Foederatae[3]:58[4]
Other Languages
français: Provinces-Unies
Bahasa Indonesia: Republik Belanda
къарачай-малкъар: Бирикген провинцияла
Lingua Franca Nova: Republica nederlandes
مازِرونی: هلند جمهوری
Bahasa Melayu: Republik Belanda
Simple English: Dutch Republic
slovenščina: Republika Nizozemska
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nizozemska Republika
Tiếng Việt: Cộng hòa Hà Lan