Dutch Republic

Republic of the Seven United Netherlands

Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden
1581–1795
Motto: "Concordia res parvae crescunt"
"Unity makes strength"
United Provinces map
United Provinces map
With Drenthe and the Generality Lands
CapitalThe Hague (de facto)
Common languagesDutch, Zeelandic, West Flemish, Dutch Low Saxon, West Frisian
Religion
GovernmentConfederal republic
Stadtholder 
• 1581–1584
William I
• 1751–1795
William V
Grand Pensionary 
• 1581–1585
Paulus Buys
• 1787–1795
Laurens van de Spiegel
LegislatureStates General
• State council
Council of State
Historical eraEarly modern period
23 January 1579
26 July 1581
30 January 1648
19 January 1795
Population
• 1795
1,880,500[1]
CurrencyGuilder, rijksdaalder
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Spanish Netherlands
Batavian Republic
Today part ofBelgium, Netherlands

The Dutch Republic, or the United Provinces, was a confederal republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces—seceded from Spanish rule—until the Batavian Revolution in 1795. It was a predecessor state of the Netherlands and the first Dutch nation state.

Name

The republic was also known as the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands, Republic of the Seven United Provinces, the United Provinces, Seven Provinces, Federated Dutch Provinces, or the Dutch Federation. Common names for the Republic in official correspondence were:

  • Republic of the United Netherlands
  • Republic of the United Provinces
  • Republic of the Seven Provinces
  • Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
  • Republic of the Seven United Provinces
  • United Provinces
  • United Provinces of the Netherlands
  • United States of the Netherlands
  • United Regions
  • Seven United Regions
Other Languages
français: Provinces-Unies
Bahasa Indonesia: Republik Belanda
къарачай-малкъар: Бирикген провинцияла
Lingua Franca Nova: Republica nederlandes
مازِرونی: هلند جمهوری
Bahasa Melayu: Republik Belanda
Simple English: Dutch Republic
slovenščina: Republika Nizozemska
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nizozemska Republika
Tiếng Việt: Cộng hòa Hà Lan