Dutch East Indies

  • dutch east indies[1]

    nederlandsch-indië  (dutch)
    hindia-belanda  (indonesian)
    1603–1949
    flag of dutch east indies
    flag
    coat of arms of dutch east indies
    coat of arms
    anthem: "wilhelmus" (dutch)
    "'william"
    map of the dutch east indies showing its territorial expansion from 1800 to its fullest extent prior to japanese occupation in 1942
    map of the dutch east indies showing its territorial expansion from 1800 to its fullest extent prior to japanese occupation in 1942
    statusdutch colony
    capitalbatavia
    capital-in-exileaustralia melbourne
    (1942–1944)
    australia brisbane
    (1944–1945)
    largest citysoerabaja[2][3]
    official languagesdutch
    common languagesmalay (lingua franca)
    javanese
    chinese
    indigenous languages
    religion
    islam
    christianity
    hinduism
    buddhism
    governmentcolonial administration
    head of state 
    • head of the
    batavian republic
     
    • 1800 (first)
    augustijn gerhard besier
    • 1806 (last)
    carel de vos van steenwijk
    • monarch
     
    • 1816–1840 (first)
    william i
    • 1948–1949 (last)
    juliana
    governor-general 
    • 1800–1801 (first)
    pieter g. van overstraten
    • 1949 (last)
    a. h. j. lovink
    history 
    • dutch east india company
    1603–1800
    • dutch east indies formation
    1 january 1600
    • french and british interregnum
    1806–1815
    • japanese occupation
    1942–1945
    • independence proclaimed
    17 august 1945
    • dutch recognition
    27 december 1949
    population
    • 1930
    60,727,233
    currencygulden
    preceded by
    succeeded by
    dutch east india company
    precolonial monarchies of nusantara
    united states of indonesia
    netherlands new guinea
    today part of indonesia
    part of a series on the
    indonesia
    surya majapahit gold.svg voc gold.svg national emblem of indonesia garuda pancasila.svg
    timeline
    flag of indonesia.svg indonesia portal

    the dutch east indies (or netherlands east-indies; dutch: nederlands(ch)-indië; indonesian: hindia belanda) was a dutch colony consisting of what is now indonesia. it was formed from the nationalised colonies of the dutch east india company, which came under the administration of the dutch government in 1800.

    during the 19th century, the dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. this colony was one of the most valuable colonies under the dutch empire's rule,[4] and contributed to dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th century.[5] the colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects.[6] the term indonesia came into use for the geographical location after 1880. in the early 20th century, local intellectuals began developing the concept of indonesia as a nation state, and set the stage for an independence movement.[7]

    japan's world war ii occupation dismantled much of the dutch colonial state and economy. following the japanese surrender in august 1945, indonesian nationalists declared independence which they fought to secure during the subsequent indonesian national revolution. the netherlands formally recognized sovereignty of the united states of indonesia at the 1949 dutch–indonesian round table conference with the exception of the netherlands new guinea (western new guinea), whose administration was transferred under authority of resolution 1752 (xvii) to the united nations 13 years later in 1962 (also see new york agreement).

  • etymology
  • history
  • government
  • demographics
  • economy
  • culture
  • colonial heritage in the netherlands
  • see also
  • references
  • external links

Dutch East Indies[1]

Nederlandsch-Indië  (Dutch)
Hindia-Belanda  (Indonesian)
1603–1949
Coat of arms of Dutch East Indies
Coat of arms
Anthem: "Wilhelmus" (Dutch)
"'William"
Map of the Dutch East Indies showing its territorial expansion from 1800 to its fullest extent prior to Japanese occupation in 1942
Map of the Dutch East Indies showing its territorial expansion from 1800 to its fullest extent prior to Japanese occupation in 1942
StatusDutch colony
CapitalBatavia
Capital-in-exileAustralia Melbourne
(1942–1944)
Australia Brisbane
(1944–1945)
Largest citySoerabaja[2][3]
Official languagesDutch
Common languagesMalay (lingua franca)
Javanese
Chinese
Indigenous languages
Religion
Islam
Christianity
Hinduism
Buddhism
GovernmentColonial administration
Head of state 
 
• 1800 (first)
Augustijn Gerhard Besier
• 1806 (last)
Carel de Vos van Steenwijk
• Monarch
 
• 1816–1840 (first)
William I
• 1948–1949 (last)
Juliana
Governor-General 
• 1800–1801 (first)
Pieter G. van Overstraten
• 1949 (last)
A. H. J. Lovink
History 
1603–1800
• Dutch East Indies formation
1 January 1600
1806–1815
1942–1945
17 August 1945
27 December 1949
Population
• 1930
60,727,233
CurrencyGulden
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Dutch East India Company
Precolonial monarchies of Nusantara
United States of Indonesia
Netherlands New Guinea
Today part of Indonesia
Part of a series on the
Indonesia
Surya Majapahit Gold.svg VOC gold.svg National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
Timeline
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia portal

The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Dutch: Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Indonesian: Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia. It was formed from the nationalised colonies of the Dutch East India Company, which came under the administration of the Dutch government in 1800.

During the 19th century, the Dutch possessions and hegemony were expanded, reaching their greatest territorial extent in the early 20th century. This colony was one of the most valuable colonies under the Dutch Empire's rule,[4] and contributed to Dutch global prominence in spice and cash crop trade in the 19th to early 20th century.[5] The colonial social order was based on rigid racial and social structures with a Dutch elite living separate from but linked to their native subjects.[6] The term Indonesia came into use for the geographical location after 1880. In the early 20th century, local intellectuals began developing the concept of Indonesia as a nation state, and set the stage for an independence movement.[7]

Japan's World War II occupation dismantled much of the Dutch colonial state and economy. Following the Japanese surrender in August 1945, Indonesian nationalists declared independence which they fought to secure during the subsequent Indonesian National Revolution. The Netherlands formally recognized sovereignty of the United States of Indonesia at the 1949 Dutch–Indonesian Round Table Conference with the exception of the Netherlands New Guinea (Western New Guinea), whose administration was transferred under authority of Resolution 1752 (XVII) to the United Nations 13 years later in 1962 (also see New York Agreement).

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Niderland Ost-Hindi
Bahasa Indonesia: Hindia Belanda
مازِرونی: هلند شرقی هند
Bahasa Melayu: Hindia Timur Belanda
Minangkabau: Hindia-Balando
Nederlands: Nederlands-Indië
norsk nynorsk: Nederlandsk Austindia
Simple English: Dutch East Indies
српски / srpski: Холандска Индија
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Nizozemske Istočne Indije
Tiếng Việt: Đông Ấn Hà Lan