Durrës

Durrës
Municipality
Panorama of Durres Port.jpg
Amphitheatre of Durrës 2013-09 005.jpg
Torra ne Durres.jpg
Albanian College of Durres.jpg
Kisha Durres 02.jpg
Stare mury miejskie Durrës.jpg
Amphitheatre of Durrës 01.jpg
Drač, panorama náměstí.jpg
Clockwise from top: Panorama of Durrës, Mosaics at a Basilica within the Amphitheatre, Venetian Tower of Durrës, the Albanian College, Church of Apostle Paul, Ancient Walls, Amphitheatre of Durrës and Iliria Square.
Official logo of Durrës
Emblem
Durrës is located in Albania
Durrës
Durrës
Coordinates: 41°19′N 19°27′E / 41°19′N 19°27′E / 41.317; 19.450
Country Albania
CountyStema e Qarkut Durrës.svg Durrës
Government
 • MayorVangjush Dako[1] (PS)
Area
 • Municipality338.30 km2 (130.62 sq mi)
Elevation0 m (0 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality201,110
 • Municipality density590/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
 • Administrative Unit299,989
Demonym(s)Durrsak/e
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal Code2001–2009
Area Code(0)52
Vehicle registrationAL
WebsiteOfficial Website

Durrës (Albanian pronunciation: [ˈdu:rəs]; Italian: Durazzo, Italian pronunciation: [duˈrattso]), historically known as Epidamnos and Dyrrachium, is the second most populous city of the Republic of Albania. The city is the capital of the surrounding Durrës County, one of 12 constituent counties of the country. By air, it is 165 kilometres (103 miles) northwest of Sarandë, 31 kilometres (19 miles) west of Tirana, 83 kilometres (52 miles) south of Shkodër and 579 kilometres (360 miles) east of Rome. Located on the Adriatic Sea, it is the country's most ancient and economic and historic center.

Founded by Greek colonists from Corinth and Corfu under the name of Epidamnos (Greek: Επίδαμνος) around the 7th century BC, the city essentially developed to become significant as it became an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor the Byzantine Empire. The Via Egnatia, the continuation of the Via Appia, started in the city and led across the interior of the Balkan Peninsula to Constantinople in the east. In the Middle Ages, it was contested between Bulgarian, Venetian and Ottoman dominions.

Following the Albanian Declaration of Independence, the city served as the capital of the Principality of Albania for a short period of time. Subsequently, it was annexed by the Kingdom of Italy and Nazi Germany in the interwar period. Moreover, the city experienced a strong expansion in its demography and economic activity during the Communism in Albania.

Durrës is served by the Port of Durrës, one of the largest on the Adriatic Sea, which connects the city to Italy and other neighbouring countries. Its most considerable attraction is the Amphitheatre of Durrës that is included on the tentative list of Albania for designation as a UNESCO World Heritage site. Once having a capacity for 20,000 people, it is the largest amphitheatre in the Balkan Peninsula.

Names

In antiquity, the city was named Epidamnos (Ἐπίδαμνος) and Dyrrhachion (Δυρράχιον) in Greek, corresponding to Latin Epidamnus and Dyrrachium. The name Dyrrhachion is usually explained as a Greek compound from δυσ- 'bad' and ῥαχία 'rocky shore, flood, roaring waves',[2] an explanation already hinted at in antiquity by Cassius Dio, who writes it referred to the difficulties of the rocky coastline,[3] while also reporting that other Roman authors linked it to the name of an eponymous hero Dyrrachius. The modern names of the city in Albanian (Durrës) and Italian (Durazzo) are derived from Dyrrachium through the Medieval Slavic form Дърачь (Dŭračĭ) (modern Serbian: Драч/Drač (Dratch)),[4][need quotation to verify] from the era when the city was held by the Bulgarian and Serbian empires. This is also the root of the Ottoman Turkish name Dıraç.

In English usage, the Italian form Durazzo used to be widespread, but the local Albanian name Durrës has gradually replaced it in recent decades.

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Durrës
Ænglisc: Dyrrhachium
العربية: دراس
aragonés: Durrazo
armãneashti: Durrës
asturianu: Durrës
беларуская: Дурэс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дурэс
български: Драч
bosanski: Drač
brezhoneg: Durrës
català: Durrës
Чӑвашла: Дуррес
čeština: Drač
Cymraeg: Durrës
dansk: Durrës
Deutsch: Durrës
eesti: Durrës
Ελληνικά: Δυρράχιο
español: Durrës
Esperanto: Duraso
euskara: Durrës
français: Durrës
galego: Durrës
한국어: 두러스
հայերեն: Դուրրաս
hrvatski: Drač
Bahasa Indonesia: Durrës
interlingua: Durres
italiano: Durazzo
עברית: דורס
ქართული: დურესი
Latina: Dyrrhachium
latviešu: Duresi
lietuvių: Duresis
magyar: Durrës
македонски: Драч
Bahasa Melayu: Durrës
монгол: Дуррес
Nederlands: Durrës (stad)
日本語: ドゥラス
нохчийн: Дуррес
Nordfriisk: Durrës (Steed)
norsk: Durrës
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Durres
پنجابی: دراس
Plattdüütsch: Durrës
polski: Durrës
português: Durrës
română: Durrës
русский: Дуррес
Scots: Durrës
shqip: Durrësi
sicilianu: Durazzu
Simple English: Durrës
slovenčina: Drač (mesto)
slovenščina: Drač
српски / srpski: Драч
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Drač
suomi: Durrës
svenska: Durrës
татарча/tatarça: Дуррес
Türkçe: Dıraç
українська: Дуррес
اردو: دراج
vèneto: Durazo
Tiếng Việt: Durrës
Volapük: Durrësi
Winaray: Durrës
中文: 都拉斯