Dublin

Dublin

Baile Átha Cliath
Clockwise, from top: Samuel Beckett Bridge, Trinity College, The Custom House, Dublin Castle, O'Connell Bridge, Convention Centre.
Flag of Dublin
Flag
Coat of arms of Dublin
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
The Fair City
Motto(s): 
Obedientia Civium Urbis Felicitas
"The Obedience of the citizens produces a happy city"[1]
Dublin is located in Ireland
Dublin
Dublin
Location within Ireland
Dublin is located in Europe
Dublin
Dublin
Location within Europe
Dublin is located in Earth
Dublin
Dublin
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 53°21′N 6°16′W / 53°21′N 6°16′W / 53.350; -6.267
CountryIreland
ProvinceLeinster
Government
 • TypeCity Council
 • HeadquartersDublin City Hall
 • Lord MayorNial Ring (Independent)
 • Dáil ÉireannDublin Central
Dublin Bay North
Dublin North-West
Dublin South-Central
Dublin Bay South
 • European ParliamentDublin constituency
Area
 • Capital of Ireland114.99 km2 (44.40 sq mi)
 • Urban
318 km2 (123 sq mi)
Population
 • Capital of Ireland553,165[2]
 • Density4,811/km2 (12,460/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,173,179[7]
 • Metro
1,347,359[5][6]
 • Greater Dublin
1,904,806[8][9]
 • Ethnicity
(2011 Census)
DemonymsDubliner, Dub
Time zoneUTC0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode
D01 to D18, D20, D22, D24 & D6W
Area code(s)01 (+3531)
GDPUS$ 90.1 billion[10]
GDP per capitaUS$ 51,319[10]
Websitewww.dublincity.ie

Dublin (n/; Irish: Baile Átha Cliath[11] [ˈbˠalʲə aːhə ˈclʲiə; ˌbʲlʲaː ˈclʲiə]) is the capital and largest city in Ireland.[12][13] The city is on the east coast of Ireland, in the province of Leinster, at the mouth of the River Liffey, and is bordered on the south by the low mountains. It has an urban area population of 1,173,179,[7] while the population of the Dublin Region (formerly County Dublin), as of 2016, was 1,347,359,[6] and the population of the Greater Dublin area was 1,904,806.[14]

There is archaeological debate regarding precisely where Dublin was established by Celtic-speaking people in the 7th century AD.[15] Later expanded as a Viking settlement, the Kingdom of Dublin, the city became Ireland's principal settlement following the Norman invasion.[15] The city expanded rapidly from the 17th century and was briefly the second largest city in the British Empire before the Acts of Union in 1800. Following the partition of Ireland in 1922, Dublin became the capital of the Irish Free State, later renamed Ireland.

Dublin is a historical and contemporary centre for education, the arts, administration and industry. As of 2018 the city was listed by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) as a global city, with a ranking of "Alpha -", which places it amongst the top thirty cities in the world.[16][17]

Etymology

The name Dublin comes from the Irish word Dubhlinn, early Classical Irish Dubhlind/Duibhlind, from dubh ([d̪uβ], [d̪uw], [d̪uː]) meaning "black, dark", and lind ([lʲiɲ(d̪ʲ)]) "pool", referring to a dark tidal pool. This tidal pool was located where the River Poddle entered the Liffey, on the site of the castle gardens at the rear of Dublin Castle. In Modern Irish the name is Duibhlinn, and Irish rhymes from County Dublin show that in Dublin Leinster Irish it was pronounced Duílinn [ˈd̪ˠiːlʲiɲ]. The original pronunciation is preserved in the names for the city in other languages such as Old English Difelin, Old Norse Dyflin, modern Icelandic Dyflinn and modern Manx Divlyn as well as Welsh Dulyn. Other localities in Ireland also bear the name Duibhlinn, variously anglicized as Devlin,[18] Divlin[19] and Difflin.[20] Historically, scribes using the Gaelic script wrote bh with a dot over the b, rendering Duḃlinn or Duiḃlinn. Those without knowledge of Irish omitted the dot, spelling the name as Dublin. Variations on the name are also found in traditionally Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland (Gàidhealtachd, cognate with Irish Gaeltachta), such as An Linne Dhubh ("the black pool"), which is part of Loch Linnhe.

It is now thought that the Viking settlement was preceded by a Christian ecclesiastical settlement known as Duibhlinn, from which Dyflin took its name.[21] Beginning in the 9th and 10th century, there were two settlements where the modern city stands. The Viking settlement of about 841, Dyflin, and a Gaelic settlement, Áth Cliath ("ford of hurdles")[22] further up river, at the present day Father Mathew Bridge (also known as Dublin Bridge), at the bottom of Church Street. Baile Átha Cliath, meaning "town of the hurdled ford", is the common name for the city in modern Irish. Áth Cliath is a place name referring to a fording point of the River Liffey near Father Mathew Bridge. Baile Átha Cliath was an early Christian monastery, believed to have been in the area of Aungier Street, currently occupied by Whitefriar Street Carmelite Church. There are other towns of the same name, such as Àth Cliath in East Ayrshire, Scotland, which is Anglicised as Horlford.

Other Languages
Acèh: Dublin
адыгабзэ: Дублин
Afrikaans: Dublin
Alemannisch: Dublin
አማርኛ: ደብሊን
Ænglisc: Difelin
العربية: دبلن
aragonés: Dublín
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܕܒܠܢ
arpetan: Dublin
asturianu: Dublín
авар: Дублин
Aymar aru: Dublin
azərbaycanca: Dublin
تۆرکجه: دوبلین
বাংলা: ডাবলিন
Bân-lâm-gú: Dublin
башҡортса: Дублин
беларуская: Дублін
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дублін
български: Дъблин
བོད་ཡིག: དུབ་ལིན།
bosanski: Dublin
brezhoneg: Dulenn
català: Dublín
Чӑвашла: Дублин
Cebuano: Dublin
čeština: Dublin
chiShona: Dublin
Cymraeg: Dulyn
dansk: Dublin
davvisámegiella: Dublin
Deutsch: Dublin
dolnoserbski: Dublin
eesti: Dublin
Ελληνικά: Δουβλίνο
эрзянь: Дублин ош
español: Dublín
Esperanto: Dublino
estremeñu: Dublín
euskara: Dublin
eʋegbe: Dublin
فارسی: دوبلین
Fiji Hindi: Dublin
føroyskt: Dublin
français: Dublin
Gaelg: Divlyn
Gagauz: Dublin
galego: Dublín
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Dublin
한국어: 더블린
հայերեն: Դուբլին
हिन्दी: डबलिन
hornjoserbsce: Dublin
hrvatski: Dublin
Ido: Dublin
Ilokano: Dublin
Bahasa Indonesia: Dublin
interlingua: Dublin
Interlingue: Dublin
Ирон: Дублин
íslenska: Dyflinn
italiano: Dublino
עברית: דבלין
Basa Jawa: Dublin
Kabɩyɛ: Tuublɛɛ
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಡಬ್ಲಿನ್
къарачай-малкъар: Дублин
ქართული: დუბლინი
қазақша: Дублин
kernowek: Dulyn
Kiswahili: Dublin
Kreyòl ayisyen: Diblin
kurdî: Dublîn
Кыргызча: Дублин
кырык мары: Дублин
Ladino: Dublin
لۊری شومالی: دوٙبلین
Latina: Dublinum
latviešu: Dublina
Lëtzebuergesch: Dublin
lietuvių: Dublinas
Ligure: Dublin
Limburgs: Dublin
lingála: Dublin
Livvinkarjala: Dublinu
lumbaart: Düblin
magyar: Dublin
македонски: Даблин
മലയാളം: ഡബ്ലിൻ
Malti: Dublin
Māori: Dublin
मराठी: डब्लिन
მარგალური: დუბლინი
مصرى: دوبلين
Bahasa Melayu: Dublin
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dublin
монгол: Дублин
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒပ်ဗလင်မြို့
Nāhuatl: Dublin
Dorerin Naoero: Dublin
Nederlands: Dublin
Nedersaksies: Dublin (Ierlaand)
नेपाल भाषा: दब्लिन
日本語: ダブリン
нохчийн: Дублин
Nordfriisk: Dublin
Norfuk / Pitkern: Dublin
norsk: Dublin
norsk nynorsk: Dublin
Nouormand: Dublîn
Novial: Dublin
occitan: Dublin
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଡବଲିନ
Oromoo: Dubliin
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dublin (Irlandiya)
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡਬਲਿਨ
پنجابی: ڈبلن
Papiamentu: Dublin
پښتو: ډبلن
Piemontèis: Dublin
Tok Pisin: Dublin
polski: Dublin
português: Dublin
română: Dublin
rumantsch: Dublin
русский: Дублин
саха тыла: Дублин
sardu: Dublinu
Scots: Dublin
Seeltersk: Dublin
shqip: Dublini
sicilianu: Dublinu
Simple English: Dublin
slovenčina: Dublin
slovenščina: Dublin
ślůnski: Dublin
Soomaaliga: Dublin
کوردی: دەبڵین
српски / srpski: Даблин
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dublin
suomi: Dublin
svenska: Dublin
Tagalog: Dublin
தமிழ்: டப்லின்
Taqbaylit: Dublin
татарча/tatarça: Дублин
тоҷикӣ: Дублин
Türkçe: Dublin
удмурт: Дублин
українська: Дублін
اردو: ڈبلن
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: دۇبلىن
vèneto: Dublin
vepsän kel’: Dublin
Tiếng Việt: Dublin
Võro: Dublin
walon: Dublin
Winaray: Dublin
Wolof: Dublin
吴语: 都柏林
ייִדיש: דובלין
Yorùbá: Dublin
粵語: 都柏林
Zazaki: Dublin
žemaitėška: Doblėns
中文: 都柏林