Dr. Dre

Dr. Dre
Dr. Dre in 2011.jpg
Dr. Dre in 2013
Andre Romelle Young

(1965-02-18) February 18, 1965 (age 54)
ResidenceLos Angeles, California, U.S.[1]
Other names
  • The Mechanic
  • Brickhard
Years active1984–present
Net worthUS $770 million[2]
TelevisionThe Defiant Ones
Board member ofBeats Electronics
Nicole Young (m. 1996)
RelativesWarren G (step-brother)
AwardsList of awards and nominations
Musical career
OriginCompton, California, U.S.
  • Vocals
  • synthesizer
  • keyboards
  • turntables
  • drum machine
  • sampler
Associated acts

Andre Romelle Young[3]:1 (born February 18, 1965),[4] known professionally as Dr. Dre, is an American rapper, record producer, and entrepreneur. He is the founder and CEO of Aftermath Entertainment and Beats Electronics, and was previously co-owner of Death Row Records. He has produced albums for and overseen the careers of many rappers, including 2Pac, The D.O.C., Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Xzibit, Knoc-turn'al, 50 Cent, The Game, and Kendrick Lamar. He is credited as a key figure in the crafting and popularization of West Coast G-funk, a rap style characterized as synthesizer-based with slow, heavy beats. As of 2018, he is the third richest figure in hip hop, with a net worth of $770 million.[5]

Dre began his career as a member of the World Class Wreckin' Cru. He found fame with the influential gangsta rap group N.W.A with Eazy-E, Ice Cube, MC Ren, and DJ Yella, which popularized explicit lyrics in rap to detail the violence of street life. His 1992 solo debut The Chronic, released under Death Row Records, made him one of the best-selling American performing artists of 1993, and earned him a Grammy Award for the single "Let Me Ride". That year, he produced Death Row labelmate Snoop Dogg's quadruple platinum debut Doggystyle, and mentored producers such as his step-brother Warren G (leading to the multi-platinum debut Regulate...G Funk Era in 1994) and Snoop Dogg's cousin Daz Dillinger (leading to the double-platinum debut Dogg Food by Tha Dogg Pound in 1995).

In 1996, Dr. Dre left Death Row Records to establish his own label, Aftermath Entertainment. He produced a compilation album, Dr. Dre Presents the Aftermath, in 1996, and released a solo album, 2001, in 1999. During the 2000s, Dr. Dre focused on producing other artists, occasionally contributing vocals. Dr. Dre signed Eminem in 1998 and 50 Cent in 2002, and co-produced their albums. He has won six Grammy Awards, including Producer of the Year. Dr. Dre has had acting roles in movies such as Set It Off, The Wash and Training Day. Rolling Stone ranked Dre 56 on their list of "100 Greatest Artists of All Time".

Early life

Young was born in Compton, California, the first child of Theodore and Verna Young. His middle name, Romelle, is derived from his father's amateur R&B singing group, The Romells. His parents married in 1964, separated in 1968, and divorced in 1972.[3]:7–8 His mother later remarried to Curtis Crayon and had three children: sons Jerome and Tyree (both deceased)[3]:7,25 and daughter Shameka.[3]:6–8 In 1976, Young began attending Vanguard Junior High School in Compton, but due to gang violence, he transferred to the safer suburban Roosevelt Junior High School.[3]:9 The family moved often, and they lived in apartments and houses in Compton, Carson, Long Beach and in the Watts and South Central neighborhoods in Los Angeles.[6] Young has stated that he was mostly raised by his grandmother in New Wilmington Arms housing project in Compton.[7] His mother later married Warren Griffin, whom she met at her new job in Long Beach,[3]:10 which added three stepsisters and one stepbrother to the family; the stepbrother would eventually become rapper Warren G.[8]:14

Young is the cousin of producer Sir Jinx. He attended Centennial High School in Compton during his freshman year in 1979, but transferred to Fremont High School in South Central Los Angeles due to poor grades. Young attempted to enroll in an apprenticeship program at Northrop Aviation Company, but poor grades at school made him ineligible. Thereafter, he focused on his social life and entertainment for the remainder of his high school years.[3]:2 Young fathered a son with Cassandra Joy Greene named Curtis (born December 15, 1981). Curtis was brought up by his mother and first met his father 20 years later, when Curtis became rapper Hood Surgeon.[3]:11

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