Dorothy L. Sayers

Dorothy L. Sayers
Dorothy L Sayers 1928.jpg
Born(1893-06-13)13 June 1893
Oxford, UK
Died17 December 1957(1957-12-17) (aged 64)
Witham, Essex, UK
OccupationNovelist, playwright, poet
LanguageEnglish
NationalityEnglish
Alma materSomerville College, Oxford
GenreCrime fiction
Literary movementGolden Age of Detective Fiction
SpouseMac Fleming
(m. 1926–50, his death)
ChildrenJohn Anthony Fleming (1924–1984)

Dorothy Leigh Sayers (z/;[1] 13 June 1893 – 17 December 1957) was a renowned English crime writer and poet. She was also a student of classical and modern languages.

She is best known for her mysteries, a series of novels and short stories set between the First and Second World Wars that feature English aristocrat and amateur sleuth Lord Peter Wimsey, which remain popular to this day. However, Sayers herself considered her translation of Dante's Divine Comedy to be her best work. She is also known for her plays, literary criticism, and essays.

Biography

Childhood, youth, and education

Somerville College, Oxford, where Sayers studied and inspiration for her novel Gaudy Night

Sayers, an only child, was born on 13 June 1893 to Helen Mary (née Leigh) at the Headmaster's House, Christ Church Cathedral School, Oxford. Her mother was born at "The Chestnuts", Millbrook, Hampshire, to Frederick Leigh, a solicitor whose family roots were in the Isle of Wight. Her father, the Rev. Henry Sayers, M.A., from Littlehampton, West Sussex, was a chaplain of Christ Church and headmaster of the Choir School.

When Sayers was six, her father started teaching her Latin.[2] She grew up in the tiny village of Bluntisham-cum-Earith in Huntingdonshire after her father was given the living (benefice) there as rector. The church graveyard next to the elegant Regency-style rectory features the surnames of several characters from her mystery The Nine Tailors; the nearby River Great Ouse and the Fens invite comparison with the book's vivid description of a massive flood around the village.[3]

From 1909, she was educated at the Godolphin School,[4] a boarding school in Salisbury. Her father later moved to the simpler living of Christchurch, in Cambridgeshire.

In 1912, Sayers won a scholarship to Somerville College, Oxford[5] where she studied modern languages and medieval literature and was taught by Mildred Pope. She finished with first-class honours in 1915.[6] Women were not awarded degrees at that time, but Sayers was among the first to receive a degree when the position changed a few years later;[7] in 1920 she graduated as an MA. Her experience of Oxford academic life eventually inspired her penultimate Peter Wimsey novel, Gaudy Night.

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