Family and personal life
Ancestry and parents
Trump's ancestors originated from the German village of
Kallstadt in the
Palatinate on his father's side, and from the
Outer Hebrides in Scotland on his mother's side. All of his grandparents and his mother were born in
Trump's paternal grandfather,
Friedrich Trump, first emigrated to the United States in 1885 at the age of 16 and became a citizen in 1892. He amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the Seattle area and the
Klondike region of Canada during
its gold rush.
 On a visit to Kallstadt, he met
Elisabeth Christ and married her in 1902. The couple permanently settled in New York in 1905. Frederick died from influenza during the
Fred was born in 1905 in
The Bronx. Fred started working with his mother in real estate when he was 15, shortly after his father's death. Their company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, was primarily active in the
New York boroughs of
Brooklyn. Fred eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks, and apartments.
 The company was later renamed
The Trump Organization, after Donald Trump took charge in 1971.
Mary Anne was born in
Tong, Lewis, Scotland. At age 18 in 1930, she emigrated to New York, where she worked as a maid.
 Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens.
John was an electrical engineer, physicist, and inventor. He worked as a professor at
MIT from 1936 to 1973. During World War II, he was involved in radar research for the Allies and helped design X-ray machines that were used to treat cancer.
Early life and education
Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, New York City, the fourth of five children.
 Trump grew up in
Jamaica, Queens, and attended the
Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he enrolled in the
New York Military Academy, a private boarding school, after his parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan without their permission.
In 1964, Trump began his higher education at
 After two years, he transferred to the
Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, because it offered one of the few real-estate studies departments in United States academia at the time.
 Trump was inspired by his father and Manhattan developer
William Zeckendorf, vowing to be "even bigger and better". While at Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth Trump & Son,
 and graduated in May 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in economics.
Trump did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War.
 While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments.
 In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as eligible to serve by a local draft board. In September of that year, he was given a medical deferment, which he later attributed to
 In 1969, he received a high number in the
draft lottery, which gave him a low probability to be called to military service.
Trump grew up with three elder siblings—
Maryanne, Fred Jr., and Elizabeth—as well as a younger brother named Robert. Maryanne is an inactive
Federal Appeals Court judge on the
Trump has five children by three marriages, as well as nine grandchildren.
 His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces.
In 1977, Trump married Czech model
Ivana Zelníčková at the
Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend
Norman Vincent Peale.
 They had three children:
Donald Jr. (b. 1977),
Ivanka (b. 1981), and
Eric (b. 1984). Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988.
 The couple divorced in 1992, following Trump's affair with actress
In October 1993, Maples gave birth to Trump's daughter, who was named
Tiffany after high-end retailer
Tiffany & Company.
 Maples and Trump were married two months later in December 1993.
 They divorced in 1999,
 and Tiffany was raised by Marla in California.
In 2005, Trump married his third wife, Slovenian model
Melania Knauss, at
Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in
Palm Beach, Florida. The ceremony was followed by a reception at Trump's
 In 2006, Melania became a United States citizen
 and gave birth to a son,
 Melania became
First Lady upon Trump's inauguration as president in January 2017.
Upon his inauguration as president, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr.
 His daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington, D.C. with her husband
Jared Kushner. She serves as an assistant to the president,
 and he is a
Senior Advisor in the White House.
Trump's ancestors were
Lutheran on his father's side in Germany and
Presbyterian on his mother's side in Scotland.
 His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. As a child, he attended the
First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his
 In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church (an affiliate of the
Reformed Church in America) in Manhattan.
 The pastor at that church, Norman Vincent Peale, author of
The Power of Positive Thinking and
The Art of Living, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993.
 Trump, who is Presbyterian,
 has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life.
Trump says he receives
Holy Communion, but that he does not ask God for forgiveness.
campaigning, Trump referred to
The Art of the Deal as his second favorite book after the Bible, saying, "Nothing beats the Bible."
 The New York Times reported that
evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure".
Trump has had associations with a number of Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor
Paula White, who has been called his "closest spiritual confidant".
 In 2015, he received a blessing from
Greek Orthodox priest
 and in 2016, he released a list of his religious advisers, including
Jerry Falwell Jr.,
Ralph Reed, and others.
 Referring to his daughter Ivanka's
conversion to Judaism before her marriage to Kushner, Trump said: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that."
Trump does not drink alcohol; this decision arose in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from alcoholism that contributed to his early death in 1981.
 He also said that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed drugs, including marijuana.
In 2016, Trump's personal physician,
Harold Bornstein, issued a medical report that showed Trump's blood pressure as well as liver and thyroid function to be in normal ranges.
 It also showed that he is overweight and takes statins to lower his cholesterol level.
 In January 2018, Trump was examined by White House physician
Ronny Jackson, who stated that he is in excellent health,
 although his weight and cholesterol level were higher than recommended. A cardiac assessment revealed no medical issues.
 Several prominent physicians who have not examined Trump have commented that his weight, lifestyle, and
LDL cholesterol level of 143 do not indicate excellent health.
 Trump requested to undergo a cognition test, and passed the
Montreal Cognitive Assessment with a score of 30/30.
Trump said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" from his father.
 He appeared on the initial
Forbes 400 list of wealthy individuals in 1982 with an estimated $200 million fortune, including an "undefined" share of his parents' estate.
 During the late 1980s he became a billionaire, and he made the
Forbes World's Billionaires list for the first time in 1989,
 but he was absent from the Forbes 400 list following business losses from 1990 to 1995; he reportedly borrowed from his siblings' trusts in 1993.
 His father's estate, valued at more than $20 million, was divided in 1999 among Trump, his three surviving siblings, and their children.
When Trump announced his candidacy for the presidency on June 16, 2015, he released a one-page financial summary that stated a net worth of $8,737,540,000.
 The following month, he filed a 92-page
Federal Election Commission (FEC) financial disclosure form
 and declared his net worth was "in excess of ten billion dollars".
 In his presidential announcement speech, he said his wealth would make him less indebted to large campaign donors.
 Forbes called his net worth estimate "a whopper", setting their own estimate at $4.1 billion in 2015.
 Trump's 2015 FEC disclosure reported $362 million in total income for the year 2014.
After Trump made controversial remarks about illegal immigrants in 2015, he lost business contracts with several companies; this reduced his Forbes estimate by $125 million.
 Consumer boycotts and reduced bookings may have further affected his brand value during the presidential campaign.
 Trump's 104-page FEC disclosure in May 2016
 still claimed a total wealth over $10 billion, unchanged from 2015.
 The release of the
Access Hollywood tapes in October 2016 put further pressure on his brand,
 but real estate experts predicted a positive rebound from becoming president.
In its 2018 billionaires' ranking,
Forbes estimated Trump's net worth at $3.1 billion (766th in the world, 248th in the U.S.)
 making him one of the
richest politicians in American history. These estimates fluctuate from year to year, and among various analysts. In July 2016
Bloomberg News had pegged his wealth at $3 billion, calling it an increase thanks to his presidential nomination,
 whereas Forbes had ranked him 324th in the world (113th in the U.S.) with $4.5 billion just a few months earlier.
 The discrepancies among these estimates and with Trump's own figures stem mainly from the uncertain values of
appraised property and of his