Donald Trump

Donald Trump
Donald Trump official portrait.jpg
45th President of the United States
Assumed office
January 20, 2017
Vice PresidentMike Pence
Preceded byBarack Obama
Personal details
BornDonald John Trump
(1946-06-14) June 14, 1946 (age 72)
New York City
Political partyRepublican (1987–1999, 2009–2011, 2012–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)
Children
Parents
RelativesTrump family
Residence
Alma materThe Wharton School (BS in Econ.)
Occupation
Net worthUS$3.1 billion (March 2018)[nb 1]
AwardsList of honors and awards
SignatureDonald J Trump stylized autograph, in ink
Website

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.

Trump was born and raised in the New York City borough of Queens, and received an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He took charge of his family's real estate business in 1971, renamed it to The Trump Organization, and expanded it into Manhattan. The company built or renovated skyscrapers, hotels, casinos, and golf courses. Trump later started various side ventures, including licensing his name for real estate and consumer products. He managed the company until his 2017 inauguration. He co-authored several books, including The Art of the Deal. He owned the Miss Universe and Miss USA beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015, and he produced and hosted the reality television show The Apprentice from 2003 to 2015. Forbes estimates his net worth to be $3.1 billion.

Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated sixteen opponents in the primaries. Commentators described his political positions as populist, protectionist, and nationalist. His campaign received extensive free media coverage; many of his public statements were controversial or false. Trump was elected president in a surprise victory over Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton. He became the oldest and wealthiest person ever to assume the presidency, the first without prior military or government service, and the fifth to have won the election while losing the popular vote. His election and policies have sparked numerous protests. Many of his comments and actions have been perceived as racially charged.

During his presidency, Trump ordered a travel ban on citizens from several Muslim-majority countries, citing security concerns; after several legal challenges, the Supreme Court upheld the policy's third revision. He signed tax cut legislation which also rescinded the individual insurance mandate provision of the Affordable Care Act and opened the Arctic Refuge for oil drilling. He enacted a partial repeal of the Dodd-Frank Act that had imposed stricter constraints on banks in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis. He pursued his America First agenda in foreign policy, withdrawing the U.S. from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade negotiations, the Paris Agreement on climate change, and the Iran nuclear deal. He recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, and imposed import tariffs on various goods from China, Canada, Mexico and the European Union, triggering a trade war with China.

After Trump dismissed FBI Director James Comey, the Justice Department appointed Robert Mueller as Special Counsel to investigate "any links and/or coordination" between the Trump campaign and the Russian government in its election interference. Trump has repeatedly denied accusations of collusion and obstruction of justice, calling the investigation a politically motivated "witch hunt" and saying that it should be terminated.

Family and personal life

Ancestry and parents

Trump's ancestors originated from the German village of Kallstadt in the Palatinate on his father's side, and from the Outer Hebrides in Scotland on his mother's side. All of his grandparents and his mother were born in Europe.[1]

Trump's paternal grandfather, Frederick Trump, first immigrated to the United States in 1885 at the age of 16 and became a citizen in 1892.[2] He amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the Seattle area and the Klondike region of Canada during its gold rush.[2] On a visit to Kallstadt, he met Elisabeth Christ and married her in 1902. The couple permanently settled in New York in 1905.[3] Frederick died from influenza during the 1918 pandemic.[4]

Trump's father Fred was born in 1905 in The Bronx. Fred started working with his mother in real estate when he was 15, shortly after his father's death. Their company, "E. Trump & Son", founded in 1923,[5][nb 2] was primarily active in the New York boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. Fred eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks, and apartments.[4][10] The company was later renamed The Trump Organization, after Donald Trump took charge in 1971.[11]

In spite of his German ancestry, "Fred Trump sought to pass himself off as Swedish amid anti-German sentiment sparked by World War II";[12] Donald reaffirmed this myth in The Art of the Deal.[12][13][14]

Trump's mother Mary Anne MacLeod was born in Tong, Lewis, Scotland. At age 18 in 1930, she immigrated to New York, where she worked as a maid.[15] Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens.[15][16]

Early life and education

A black-and-white photograph of Donald Trump as a teenager, smiling and wearing a dark pseudo-military uniform with various badges and a light-colored stripe crossing his right shoulder.
Senior yearbook photo of Trump in 1964 wearing the uniform of his private boarding school, New York Military Academy[17][18]

Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, New York City, the fourth of five children.[19] Trump grew up in Jamaica, Queens, and attended the Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he was enrolled in the New York Military Academy, a private boarding school, after his parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan without their permission.[20][21]

In 1964, Trump enrolled at Fordham University.[17][22] After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania.[22][23] While at Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth Trump & Son.[24] He graduated in May 1968 with a Bachelor of Science degree in economics.[22][25][26]

Trump did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War.[27] While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments.[28] In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination and in July 1968, after graduating from college, was briefly classified as eligible to serve by a local draft board. In October 1968, he was classified as 1-Y, "unqualified for duty except in the case of a national emergency,"[29] and given a medical deferment which he later attributed to heel spurs; in 1972, the medical deferment was changed to 4-F, "not qualified for service."[29][30][31] In the draft lottery in December 1969, Trump's birthday, June 15, received a high number which would have given him a low probability to be called to military service even without the 1-Y medical deferment.[29][30][32]

Family

Trump is sworn in as president on January 20, 2017. From left to right in foreground: Trump, his wife Melania, and his children Donald Jr., Barron, Ivanka, Eric, and Tiffany.

Trump grew up with three elder siblings—Maryanne, Fred Jr., and Elizabeth—as well as a younger brother named Robert. Maryanne is an inactive Federal Appeals Court judge on the Third Circuit.[33]

Trump has five children by three marriages, as well as nine grandchildren.[34][35] His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces.[36]

In 1977, Trump married Czech model Ivana Zelníčková at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend Norman Vincent Peale.[37][38] They had three children: Donald Jr. (born 1977), Ivanka (born 1981), and Eric (born 1984). Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988.[39] The couple divorced in 1992, following Trump's affair with actress Marla Maples.[40]

In October 1993, Maples gave birth to Trump's daughter, who was named Tiffany in honor of high-end retailer Tiffany & Company.[41] Maples and Trump were married two months later in December 1993.[42] They divorced in 1999,[43] and Tiffany was raised by Marla in California.[44]

Trump and his wife Melania at the Liberty Ball on Inauguration Day

In 2005, Trump married his third wife, Slovenian model Melania Knauss, at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in Palm Beach, Florida.[45] In 2006, Melania became a United States citizen[46] and gave birth to a son, Barron.[47][48] Melania became First Lady when Trump became president in January 2017.[49]

Upon his inauguration as president, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr.[50] His daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington, D.C. with her husband Jared Kushner. She serves as an assistant to the president,[51] and he is a Senior Advisor in the White House.[52]

Religion

Trump is Presbyterian.[53][54][55] His ancestors were Lutheran on his paternal grandfather's side in Germany[56] and Presbyterian on his mother's side in Scotland.[57] His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936.[58] As a child, he attended the First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, where he had his confirmation.[38] In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan.[59] The pastor, Norman Vincent Peale, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993.[60][59] Trump has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life.[59]

Trump says he receives Holy Communion as often as possible, believes it to be a form of asking for forgiveness and that he feels 'cleansed'.[53] While campaigning, Trump referred to The Art of the Deal as his second favorite book after the Bible, saying, "Nothing beats the Bible."[61] The New York Times reported that evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure".[62]

Trump has associations with a number of Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor Paula White, who has been called his "closest spiritual confidant".[63] In 2015, he released a list of religious advisers, including James Dobson, Jerry Falwell Jr., Ralph Reed, Michele Bachmann, Robert Jeffress, and others.[64][65]

Health

Trump does not drink alcohol;[66] this decision arose in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from alcoholism that contributed to his early death in 1981.[67][68] He also said that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed drugs, including marijuana.[69]

In December 2015, Trump's personal physician, Harold Bornstein, released a superlative-laden letter of health praising Trump for "extraordinary physical strength and stamina".[70] Bornstein later said that Trump himself had dictated the contents.[71] A followup medical report showed Trump's blood pressure, liver and thyroid functions to be in normal ranges, and that he takes a statin.[72][73] In January 2018, Trump was examined by White House physician Ronny Jackson, who stated that he was in excellent health, although his weight and cholesterol level were higher than recommended,[66] and that his cardiac assessment revealed no medical issues.[74] Several outside cardiologists commented that Trump's weight, lifestyle and LDL cholesterol ought to have raised serious concerns about his cardiac health.[75]

Wealth

A tall rectangular-shaped tower in Las Vegas with exterior windows reflecting a golden hue. It is a sunny day and the building is higher than many of the surrounding buildings, also towers. There are mountains in the background.

Trump is the beneficiary of several trust funds set up by his father and paternal grandmother beginning in 1949.[77] In 1976, Fred Trump set up trust funds of $1 million for each of his five children and three grandchildren; Donald Trump received annual payments from his trust fund, for example, $90,000 in 1980 and $214,605 in 1981.[77] By 1993, when Trump took two loans totaling $30 million from his siblings, their anticipated shares of Fred's fortune was $35 million each.[78][77] Upon Fred Trump's death in 1999, his will divided $20 million after taxes among his surviving children.[77][79][80]

Trump said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" from his father.[81] He appeared on the initial Forbes 400 list of richest Americans in 1982 with an estimated $200 million fortune shared with his father.[82] Former Forbes reporter Jonathan Greenberg stated in 2018 that during the 1980s Trump had deceived him about his actual net worth and his share of the family assets in order to appear on the list.[83][84] Trump made the Forbes World's Billionaires list for the first time in 1989,[85] but he was dropped from the Forbes 400 from 1990 to 1995 following business losses.[82] In 2005, Deutsche Bank loan documents pegged Trump's net worth at $788 million, while Forbes quoted $2.6 billion and journalist Tim O'Brien gave a range of $150 million to $250 million.[85] In its 2018 billionaires ranking, Forbes estimated Trump's net worth at $3.1 billion[nb 1] (766th in the world, 248th in the U.S.)[88] making him one of the richest politicians in American history.

When he filed mandatory financial disclosure forms with the Federal Elections Commission (FEC) in July 2015, Trump claimed a net worth of about $10 billion;[89] however FEC figures cannot corroborate this estimate because they only show each of his largest buildings as being worth "over $50 million", yielding total assets worth more than $1.4 billion and debt over $265 million.[90] Trump reported a yearly income of $362 million for 2014[89] and $611 million from January 2015 to May 2016.[91]

A 2016 analysis of Trump's business career by The Economist concluded that his performance since 1985 had been "mediocre compared with the stock market and property in New York".[92] A subsequent analysis by The Washington Post concluded that "Trump is a mix of braggadocio, business failures, and real success".[93]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Donald Trump
Alemannisch: Donald Trump
Ænglisc: Dufenal Trump
العربية: دونالد ترامب
aragonés: Donald Trump
arpetan: Donald Trump
asturianu: Donald Trump
Avañe'ẽ: Donald Trump
azərbaycanca: Donald Tramp
Bahasa Banjar: Donald Trump
Bân-lâm-gú: Donald Trump
башҡортса: Дональд Трамп
беларуская: Дональд Трамп
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дональд Трамп
Bikol Central: Donald Trump
Bislama: Donald Trump
български: Доналд Тръмп
Boarisch: Donald Trump
བོད་ཡིག: ཐེ་རོན་ཕུ།
bosanski: Donald Trump
brezhoneg: Donald Trump
català: Donald Trump
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čeština: Donald Trump
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davvisámegiella: Donald Trump
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dolnoserbski: Donald Trump
Ελληνικά: Ντόναλντ Τραμπ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Donald Trump
español: Donald Trump
Esperanto: Donald Trump
estremeñu: Donald Trump
euskara: Donald Trump
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hornjoserbsce: Donald Trump
hrvatski: Donald Trump
Ilokano: Donald Trump
Bahasa Indonesia: Donald Trump
interlingua: Donald Trump
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kurdî: Donald Trump
Кыргызча: Дональд Трамп
Ladino: Donald Trump
latviešu: Donalds Tramps
Lëtzebuergesch: Donald Trump
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Limburgs: Donald Trump
la .lojban.: la .donald. trump.
Luganda: Donald Trump
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magyar: Donald Trump
македонски: Доналд Трамп
Malagasy: Donald Trump
მარგალური: დონალდ ტრამპი
مازِرونی: دونالد ترامپ
Bahasa Melayu: Donald Trump
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Donald Trump
Mirandés: Donald Trump
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒေါ်နယ်လ် ထရန့်
Dorerin Naoero: Donald Trump
Nederlands: Donald Trump
Nedersaksies: Donald Trump
Napulitano: Donald Trump
нохчийн: Доналд Трамп
Nordfriisk: Donald Trump
Norfuk / Pitkern: Donald Trump
norsk nynorsk: Donald Trump
occitan: Donald Trump
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Donald Trump
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡੌਨਲਡ ਟਰੰਪ
Pälzisch: Donald Trump
پنجابی: ڈونلڈ ٹرمپ
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ដូណាល់ ត្រាំ
Piemontèis: Donald Trump
Plattdüütsch: Donald Trump
polski: Donald Trump
português: Donald Trump
qırımtatarca: Donald Trump
Ripoarisch: Donald Trump
română: Donald Trump
Romani: Donald Trump
rumantsch: Donald Trump
Runa Simi: Donald Trump
русиньскый: Доналд Трамп
Gagana Samoa: Donald Trump
संस्कृतम्: डॉनल्ड ट्रम्प
Sesotho sa Leboa: Donald Trump
sicilianu: Donald Trump
Simple English: Donald Trump
slovenčina: Donald Trump
slovenščina: Donald Trump
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српски / srpski: Доналд Трамп
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Donald Trump
svenska: Donald Trump
Tagalog: Donald Trump
tarandíne: Donald Trump
татарча/tatarça: Donald Tramp
Türkçe: Donald Trump
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Thuɔŋjäŋ: Donald Trump
українська: Дональд Трамп
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: دانىلد ترامپ
vèneto: Donald Trump
Tiếng Việt: Donald Trump
Volapük: Donald Trump
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žemaitėška: Duonalds Tramps
Lingua Franca Nova: Donald Trump