Donald Trump

Donald Trump
Official Portrait of President Donald Trump.jpg
45th President of the United States
Assumed office
January 20, 2017
Vice President Mike Pence
Preceded by Barack Obama
Personal details
Born Donald John Trump
(1946-06-14) June 14, 1946 (age 71)
New York City
Political party Republican (1987–99, 2009–11, 2012–present)
Other political
Relatives Trump family
Alma mater The Wharton School ( BS in Econ.)
Net worth US$3.1 billion (March 2018)
Awards List of honors and awards
Signature Donald J Trump stylized autograph, in ink

Donald John Trump (born June 14, 1946) is the 45th and current President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017. Before entering politics, he was a businessman and television personality.

Trump was born and raised in the New York City borough of Queens, and earned an economics degree from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. He took over his family's real estate business in 1971, renamed it The Trump Organization, and expanded it to involve the construction and renovation of skyscrapers, hotels, casinos, and golf courses. Trump also started various side ventures, including branding and licensing his name for real estate and luxury consumer products. He managed the company until his 2017 inauguration. Trump also gained prominence in media and entertainment. He co-authored several books, including The Art of the Deal, and from 2003 to 2015 he was a producer and the host of The Apprentice, a reality television game show. Trump owned the Miss Universe and Miss USA beauty pageants from 1996 to 2015. According to March 2018 figures by Forbes, he is the world's 766th richest person, with an estimated net worth of $3.1 billion.

Trump entered the 2016 presidential race as a Republican and defeated sixteen opponents in the primaries. Commentators described his political positions as populist, protectionist, and nationalist. His campaign received extensive free media coverage; many of his public statements were controversial or false. Trump was elected president against Democratic nominee Hillary Clinton; his victory upset the expectations of polls and analysts. He became the oldest and wealthiest person ever to assume the presidency, the first without prior military or government service, and the fifth to have won the election despite losing the popular vote. His election and policies sparked numerous protests.

In domestic policy, Trump appointed Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court. Citing security concerns, he ordered a travel ban on citizens from several Muslim-majority countries; a revised version of the ban was implemented after legal challenges. In December 2017, he signed tax reform legislation that cut rates and eliminated the Affordable Care Act insurance mandate. In foreign policy, Trump withdrew the United States from the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade pact and the Paris Agreement on climate change, partially reversed the Cuban Thaw, pressured North Korea over the acceleration of their missile tests and nuclear weapons program, and recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

After Trump dismissed embattled FBI Director James Comey in 2017, the Justice Department appointed a special counsel to continue investigating links or coordination between the Trump campaign and Russian government in connection with Russian interference in the 2016 elections and related matters.

Family and personal life

Ancestry and parents

Trump's ancestors originated from the German village of Kallstadt in the Palatinate on his father's side, and from the Outer Hebrides in Scotland on his mother's side. All of his grandparents and his mother were born in Europe. [1]

Trump's paternal grandfather, Friedrich Trump, first emigrated to the United States in 1885 at the age of 16 and became a citizen in 1892. He amassed a fortune operating boom-town restaurants and boarding houses in the Seattle area and the Klondike region of Canada during its gold rush. [2] On a visit to Kallstadt, he met Elisabeth Christ and married her in 1902. The couple permanently settled in New York in 1905. [3] Frederick died from influenza during the 1918 pandemic. [4]

Trump's father Fred was born in 1905 in The Bronx. Fred started working with his mother in real estate when he was 15, shortly after his father's death. Their company, Elizabeth Trump & Son, was primarily active in the New York boroughs of Queens and Brooklyn. Fred eventually built and sold thousands of houses, barracks, and apartments. [4] [5] The company was later renamed The Trump Organization, after Donald Trump took charge in 1971. [6]

Trump's mother Mary Anne was born in Tong, Lewis, Scotland. At age 18 in 1930, she emigrated to New York, where she worked as a maid. [7] Fred and Mary were married in 1936 and raised their family in Queens. [7] [8]

Trump's uncle John was an electrical engineer, physicist, and inventor. He worked as a professor at MIT from 1936 to 1973. During World War II, he was involved in radar research for the Allies and helped design X-ray machines that were used to treat cancer. [9]

Early life and education

A black-and-white photograph of Donald Trump as a teenager, smiling and wearing a dark pseudo-military uniform with various badges and a light-colored stripe crossing his right shoulder. This image was taken while Trump was in the New York Military Academy in 1964.
Senior yearbook photo of Trump in 1964 wearing the uniform of his private boarding school, New York Military Academy [10] [11]

Donald John Trump was born on June 14, 1946, at the Jamaica Hospital Medical Center, Queens, New York City, the fourth of five children. [12] Trump grew up in Jamaica, Queens, and attended the Kew-Forest School from kindergarten through seventh grade. At age 13, he enrolled in the New York Military Academy, a private boarding school, after his parents discovered that he had made frequent trips into Manhattan without their permission. [13] [14]

In 1964, Trump began his higher education at Fordham University. [10] [15] After two years, he transferred to the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, because it offered one of the few real-estate studies departments in United States academia at the time. [15] [16] Trump was inspired by his father and Manhattan developer William Zeckendorf, vowing to be "even bigger and better". [17] While at Wharton, he worked at the family business, Elizabeth Trump & Son, [18] and graduated in May 1968 with a Bachelor of Science in economics. [15] [19] [20]

Trump did not serve in the military during the Vietnam War. [21] While in college from 1964 to 1968, he obtained four student deferments. [22] In 1966, he was deemed fit for service based upon a military medical examination, and in 1968 was briefly classified as eligible to serve by a local draft board. In September of that year, he was given a medical deferment, which he later attributed to heel spurs. [23] In 1969, he received a high number in the draft lottery, which gave him a low probability to be called to military service. [23] [24] [25]


Donald Trump is sworn in as president on January 20, 2017: Trump, wife Melania, son Donald Jr., son Barron, daughter Ivanka, son Eric, and daughter Tiffany

Trump grew up with three elder siblings— Maryanne, Fred Jr., and Elizabeth—as well as a younger brother named Robert. Maryanne is an inactive Federal Appeals Court judge on the Third Circuit. [26]

Trump has five children by three marriages, as well as nine grandchildren. [27] [28] His first two marriages ended in widely publicized divorces. [29]

In 1977, Trump married Czech model Ivana Zelníčková at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan, in a ceremony performed by the Reverend Norman Vincent Peale. [30] [31] They had three children: Donald Jr. (b. 1977), Ivanka (b. 1981), and Eric (b. 1984). Ivana became a naturalized United States citizen in 1988. [32] The couple divorced in 1992, following Trump's affair with actress Marla Maples. [33]

In October 1993, Maples gave birth to Trump's daughter, who was named Tiffany after high-end retailer Tiffany & Company. [34] Maples and Trump were married two months later in December 1993. [35] They divorced in 1999, [36] and Tiffany was raised by Marla in California. [37]

Trump and his wife Melania at the Liberty Ball on Inauguration Day

In 2005, Trump married his third wife, Slovenian model Melania Knauss, at Bethesda-by-the-Sea Episcopal Church in Palm Beach, Florida. The ceremony was followed by a reception at Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate. [38] In 2006, Melania became a United States citizen [39] and gave birth to a son, Barron. [40] [41] Melania became First Lady upon Trump's inauguration as president in January 2017. [42]

Upon his inauguration as president, Trump delegated the management of his real estate business to his two adult sons, Eric and Don Jr. [43] His daughter Ivanka resigned from The Trump Organization and moved to Washington, D.C. with her husband Jared Kushner. She serves as an assistant to the president, [44] and he is a Senior Advisor in the White House. [45]


Trump's ancestors were Lutheran on his father's side in Germany [46] and Presbyterian on his mother's side in Scotland. [47] His parents married in a Manhattan Presbyterian church in 1936. [48] As a child, he attended the First Presbyterian Church in Jamaica, Queens, and had his Confirmation there. [31] In the 1970s, his family joined the Marble Collegiate Church (an affiliate of the Reformed Church in America) in Manhattan. [49] The pastor at that church, Norman Vincent Peale, author of The Power of Positive Thinking and The Art of Living, ministered to Trump's family and mentored him until Peale's death in 1993. [50] [49] Trump, who is Presbyterian, [51] [52] has cited Peale and his works during interviews when asked about the role of religion in his personal life. [49]

Trump says he receives Holy Communion, but that he does not ask God for forgiveness. [53] While campaigning, Trump referred to The Art of the Deal as his second favorite book after the Bible, saying, "Nothing beats the Bible." [54] The New York Times reported that evangelical Christians nationwide thought "that his heart was in the right place, that his intentions for the country were pure". [55]

Trump has had associations with a number of Christian spiritual leaders, including Florida pastor Paula White, who has been called his "closest spiritual confidant". [56] In 2015, he received a blessing from Greek Orthodox priest Emmanuel Lemelson [57] and in 2016, he released a list of his religious advisers, including James Dobson, Jerry Falwell Jr., Ralph Reed, and others. [58] Referring to his daughter Ivanka's conversion to Judaism before her marriage to Kushner, Trump said: "I have a Jewish daughter; and I am very honored by that." [59]


Trump does not drink alcohol; this decision arose in part from watching his older brother Fred Jr. suffer from alcoholism that contributed to his early death in 1981. [60] [61] He also said that he has never smoked cigarettes or consumed drugs, including marijuana. [62]

In 2016, Trump's personal physician, Harold Bornstein, issued a medical report that showed Trump's blood pressure as well as liver and thyroid function to be in normal ranges. [63] [64] It also showed that he is overweight and takes statins to lower his cholesterol level. [64] In January 2018, Trump was examined by White House physician Ronny Jackson, who stated that he is in excellent health, [65] although his weight and cholesterol level were higher than recommended. A cardiac assessment revealed no medical issues. [66] Several prominent physicians who have not examined Trump have commented that his weight, lifestyle, and LDL cholesterol level of 143 do not indicate excellent health. [67] Trump requested to undergo a cognition test, and passed the Montreal Cognitive Assessment with a score of 30/30. [68]


A tall rectangular-shaped tower in Las Vegas with exterior windows reflecting a golden hue. It is a sunny day and the building is higher than many of the surrounding buildings, also towers. There are mountains in the background. This tower is called the Trump International Hotel Las Vegas.
Trump International Hotel Las Vegas, with gold infused glass [69]

Trump said that he began his career with "a small loan of one million dollars" from his father. [70] He appeared on the initial Forbes 400 list of wealthy individuals in 1982 with an estimated $200 million fortune, including an "undefined" share of his parents' estate. [71] During the late 1980s he became a billionaire, [72] and he made the Forbes World's Billionaires list for the first time in 1989, [73] but he was absent from the Forbes 400 list following business losses from 1990 to 1995; he reportedly borrowed from his siblings' trusts in 1993. [71] His father's estate, valued at more than $20 million, was divided in 1999 among Trump, his three surviving siblings, and their children. [74] [75]

When Trump announced his candidacy for the presidency on June 16, 2015, he released a one-page financial summary that stated a net worth of $8,737,540,000. [76] The following month, he filed a 92-page Federal Election Commission (FEC) financial disclosure form [77] and declared his net worth was "in excess of ten billion dollars". [78] In his presidential announcement speech, he said his wealth would make him less indebted to large campaign donors. [79] [80] Forbes called his net worth estimate "a whopper", setting their own estimate at $4.1 billion in 2015. [81] [82] Trump's 2015 FEC disclosure reported $362 million in total income for the year 2014. [78]

After Trump made controversial remarks about illegal immigrants in 2015, he lost business contracts with several companies; this reduced his Forbes estimate by $125 million. [83] Consumer boycotts and reduced bookings may have further affected his brand value during the presidential campaign. [84] [85] [86] Trump's 104-page FEC disclosure in May 2016 [87] still claimed a total wealth over $10 billion, unchanged from 2015. [77] The release of the Access Hollywood tapes in October 2016 put further pressure on his brand, [88] but real estate experts predicted a positive rebound from becoming president. [89]

In its 2018 billionaires' ranking, Forbes estimated Trump's net worth at $3.1 billion (766th in the world, 248th in the U.S.) [90] making him one of the richest politicians in American history. These estimates fluctuate from year to year, and among various analysts. In July 2016 Bloomberg News had pegged his wealth at $3 billion, calling it an increase thanks to his presidential nomination, [91] whereas Forbes had ranked him 324th in the world (113th in the U.S.) with $4.5 billion just a few months earlier. [92] The discrepancies among these estimates and with Trump's own figures stem mainly from the uncertain values of appraised property and of his personal brand. [93]

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