Doge

Leonardo Loredan (1501), Doge of Venice, by Giovanni Bellini, wearing the Corno Ducale, the ducal hat which symbolised his office

A doge (/;[1] Italian: [ˈdɔːdʒe]; plural dogi or doges) was an elected lord and chief of state in many of the Italian city-states during the medieval and renaissance periods. Such states are referred to as "crowned republics".

Etymology

The word is from the Venetian dialect, reaching English via French. Doge, along with the related English word duke and the Italian duce, descends from the Latin dux, meaning "leader", especially in a military context. The wife of a doge is styled a dogaressa[2] and the office of the doge is termed dogeship.[3]

Other Languages
azərbaycanca: Doj
Bân-lâm-gú: Doge
беларуская: Дож
български: Дож
bosanski: Dužd
čeština: Dóže
Deutsch: Doge
eesti: Doodž
Ελληνικά: Δόγης
español: Dux
Esperanto: Doĝo
euskara: Dux
فارسی: دوجه
français: Doge
Frysk: Doge
한국어: 도제 (작위)
Հայերեն: Դոժ
hrvatski: Dužd
Ido: Dojo
italiano: Doge
עברית: דוג'ה
ქართული: დოჟი
latviešu: Dodžs
lietuvių: Dožas
magyar: Dózse
Nederlands: Doge (staatshoofd)
日本語: ドージェ
norsk: Doge
norsk nynorsk: Doge
occitan: Dòge
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Doj
polski: Doża
português: Doge
română: Doge
русский: Дож
sicilianu: Dogi
Simple English: Doge
slovenčina: Dóža (titul)
српски / srpski: Дужд
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dužd
suomi: Doge
svenska: Doge
українська: Дож