Weber's ambivalent appraisal of the process of disenchantment as both positive and negative
 was taken up by the
Frankfurt school in their examination of the self-destructive elements in
Habermas has subsequently striven to find a positive foundation for
modernity in the face of disenchantment, even while appreciating Weber's recognition of how far secular society was created from, and is still "haunted by the ghosts of dead religious beliefs".
Some have seen the disenchantment of the world as a call for
existentialist commitment and individual responsibility in the face of a collective normative void.