Dinophyceae

Dinophyceae
Noctiluca scintillans, dinoflagellate that exhibits bioluminescence
Noctiluca scintillans, dinoflagellate that exhibits bioluminescence
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Chromista
Phylum:Miozoa
Superclass:Dinoflagellata
Class:Dinophyceae
Pascher, 1914
Orders

Dinophyceae is a class of dinoflagellates.[1][2][3] These are benthic dinoflagellate and found in sediments.

Taxonomy

  • Class Dinophyceae Pascher 1914 [Peridinea Ehrenberg 1830 stat. nov. Wettstein; Blastodiniphyceae Fensome et al. 1993 orthog. emend.]
    • Order Haplozoonales [Haplozooidea Poche 1913]
      • Family Haplozoonaceae Chatton 1920
    • Order Akashiwales
      • Family Akashiwaceae
    • Order Blastodiniales Chatton 1906 [Blastodinida Chatton 1906]
      • Family Blastodiniaceae Cavers 1913
    • Order Apodiniales
      • Family Apodiniaceae Chatton 1920
    • Order Dinotrichales Pascher 1914
      • Family Crypthecodiniaceae Biecheler 1938 ex Chatton 1952
      • Family Dinotrichaceae Pascher 1914
    • Order Phytodiniales T. Christ. 1962 ex Loeblich 1970 [Dinococcales Pascher 1914; Suessiales Fensome & al. 1993; Dinamoebales]
      • Family † Suessiaceae Fensome et al. 1993
      • Family Phytodiniaceae Klebs 1912 [Dinococcaceae Fott 1960; Hemidiniaceae Bourrelly 1970; Borghiellaceae Moestrup, Lindberg & Daugbjerg 2009]
      • Family Symbiodiniaceae Fensome & al. 1993 [Zooxanthellaceae]
    • Order Brachidiniales Loeblich III 1982 ex Sournia 1984
      • Family Brachidiniaceae Sournia 1972 [Kareniaceae Bergholtz & al. 2006]
    • Order Ptychodiscales Fensome & al. 1993
      • Family Ptychodiscaceae Lemmermann 1899
    • Order Amphilothales Lindemann 1928
      • Family Amphitholaceae Poche 1913 [Amphilothaceae]
    • Order Actiniscales [Actiniscineae (Sournia 1984) Fensome et al. 1993b]
      • Family Actiniscaceae Kützing 1844 [Gymnasteraceae Lindemann 1928]
      • Family Dicroerismaceae Fensome & al. 1993
    • Order Gymnodiniales Lemmermann 1910
      • Cochlodinium group
      • Gyrodinium dorsum group
      • Gyrodinium group
      • Togula group
      • Family Chytriodiniaceae Cachon & Cachon-Enjumet 1968
      • Family Gymnodiniaceae (Bergh 1881a) Lankester 1885 [Polykrikaceae Kofoid & Swezy 1921]
      • Family Warnowiaceae Lindemann 1928
    • Order Prorocentrales Lemmermann 1910
    • Order † Nannoceratopsiales Piel & Evitt 1980
      • Family † Nannoceratopsiaceae Gocht 1970
    • Order Dinophysales Lindemann 1928
      • Family Amphisoleniaceae Lindemann 1928
      • Family Dinophysaceae Stein 1883 [Citharistaceae Kofoid & Skogsberg 1928; Ornithocercaceae Kofoid & Skogsberg 1928]
      • Family Oxyphysaceae Sournia 1984
    • Order Gonyaulacales Taylor 1980 [Pyrocystales Apstein 1909]
      • Family † Lotharingiaceae
      • Family † Mancodiniaceae
      • Family † Pareodiniaceae
      • Family † Scriniocassiaceae
      • Amylax group
      • Family Ceratiaceae Kofoid 1907
      • Family Goniodomataceae Lindemann 1928 [Ostreopsidaceae Lindemann 1928, Triadiniaceae Dodge 1981; Yeseviidae Özdikmen 2009, Centrodiniaceae Hernández-Becerril et al. 2010]
      • Family Gonyaulacaceae Lindemann 192
      • Family Protoceratidaceae Lindemann 1928 [Ceratocorythaceae Lindemann 1928]
      • Family Pyrocystaceae (Schütt 1896) Lemmermann 1899 [Pyrophacaceae Lindemann 1928; Helgolandinioideae]
      • Family Thecadiniaceae Balech 1956
    • Order Thoracosphaerales Tangen 1982 [?Lophodiniales Dodge 1984]
      • Family Calciodinellaceae [Calciodinelloideae Deflandre 1947]
      • Family Glenodiniaceae Wiley & Hickson 1909 [Glenodiniopsidaceae Schiller 1935; Dinosphaeraceae Lindemann 1928; Lophodiniaceae Osorio-Tafall 1942; Glenodiniineae Fensome et al. 1993b]
      • Family Thoracosphaeraceae Schiller 1930 [Oodiniaceae Chatton 1920; Protoodinidae; Protoodiniaceae Cachon 1964; Hemidiniaceae Bourrelly 1970; Cachonellaceae Silva 1980; Stylodiniaceae Pascher ex Sournia 1984; Pfiesteriaceae Steidinger & al. 1996)]
    • Order Peridiniales Haeckel 1894
      • Family † Comparodiniaceae Vozzhennikova 1979
      • Family † Stephanelytraceae Stover et al. 1977
      • Family † Dollidiniaceae Fensome et al. 1993
      • Amphidoma caudata group
      • Ensiculifera group
      • Family Amphidiniopsidaceae Dodge 1984
      • Family Amphidomataceae Sournia 1984
      • Family Cladopyxidaceae Stein 1883 [Cladopyxididae Poche 1913]
      • Family Diplopsaliaceae Matsuoka 1988 [Diplopsaloideae]
      • Family Endodiniaceae Schiller 1935
      • Family Heterocapsaceae Fensome et al. 1993 [Heterocapsineae Fensome et al. 1993]
      • Family Heterodiniaceae Lindemann 1928
      • Family Oxytoxaceae Lindemann 1928
      • Family Peridiniaceae
      • Family Podolampadaceae Lindemann 1928 [Lessardiaceae Carbonell-Moore 2004]
      • Family Protoperidiniaceae Balech 1988 [Kolkwitziellaceae Lindemann 1928; Congruentidiaceae Schiller 1935; Protoperidiniaceae Bujak & Davies 1998]
Other Languages
català: Dinofícies
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українська: Dinophyceae