Diego Velázquez

Diego Velázquez
Diego Velázquez Autorretrato 45 x 38 cm - Colección Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos - Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia.jpg
Self-portrait, c.1640
BornDiego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez
baptized June 6, 1599
Seville, Spain
DiedAugust 6, 1660 (aged 61)
Madrid, Spain
NationalitySpanish
Known forPainting
Notable workThe Surrender of Breda (1634–35)
Rokeby Venus (1644–48)
Portrait of Innocent X (1650)
Las Meninas (1656)
Las Hilanderas (c. 1657)
List of works
MovementBaroque

Diego Rodríguez de Silva y Velázquez[a] (Spanish: [ˈdjeɣo βeˈlaθkeθ]; baptized June 6, 1599 – August 6, 1660) was a Spanish painter, the leading artist in the court of King Philip IV, and one of the most important painters of the Spanish Golden Age. He was an individualistic artist of the contemporary Baroque period. In addition to numerous renditions of scenes of historical and cultural significance, he painted scores of portraits of the Spanish royal family, other notable European figures, and commoners, culminating in the production of his masterpiece Las Meninas (1656).

From the first quarter of the nineteenth century, Velázquez's artwork was a model for the realist and impressionist painters, in particular Édouard Manet. Since that time, famous modern artists, including Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí and Francis Bacon, have paid tribute to Velázquez by recreating several of his most famous works.

Early life

Birthplace of Velázquez in Seville

Velázquez was born in Seville, Spain, the first child of João Rodrigues de Silva and Jerónima Velázquez, and was baptized at the church of St. Peter in Seville on Sunday, June 6, 1599. The baptism most likely occurred a few days or weeks after his birth. His paternal grandparents, Diogo da Silva and Maria Rodrigues, had moved to Seville from their native Portugal decades earlier. When Velázquez was offered knighthood in 1658, he claimed descent from the lesser nobility in order to qualify; in fact, however, his grandparents were tradespeople, and possibly Jewish conversos.[4][5][6][7]

Velázquez was educated by his parents to fear God and, intended for a learned profession, received good training in languages and philosophy. Influenced by many artists, he showed an early gift for art; consequently, he began to study under Francisco de Herrera, a vigorous painter who disregarded the Italian influence of the early Seville school. Velázquez remained with him for one year. It was probably from Herrera that he learned to use brushes with long bristles.

After leaving Herrera's studio when he was 12 years old, Velázquez began to serve as an apprentice under Francisco Pacheco, an artist and teacher in Seville. Though considered a generally dull, undistinguished painter, Pacheco sometimes expressed a simple, direct realism in contradiction to the style of Raphael that he was taught. Velázquez remained in Pacheco's school for five years, studying proportion and perspective and witnessing the trends in the literary and artistic circles of Seville.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Диего Веласкес
Afrikaans: Diego Velázquez
aragonés: Diego Velázquez
asturianu: Diego Velázquez
Aymar aru: Diego Velázquez
azərbaycanca: Dieqo Velaskes
Bân-lâm-gú: Diego Velázquez
башҡортса: Диего Веласкес
беларуская: Дыега Веласкес
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дыега Вэляскес
български: Диего Веласкес
brezhoneg: Diego Velázquez
čeština: Diego Velázquez
Esperanto: Diego Velázquez
estremeñu: Diego Velázquez
Fiji Hindi: Diego Velázquez
føroyskt: Diego Velázquez
français: Diego Vélasquez
贛語: 韋拿克
Bahasa Indonesia: Diego Velázquez
interlingua: Diego Velázquez
íslenska: Diego Velázquez
kalaallisut: Diego Velázquez
Kapampangan: Diego Velázquez
Kiswahili: Diego Velázquez
Кыргызча: Диего Веласкес
latviešu: Djego Velaskess
Lëtzebuergesch: Diego Velázquez
македонски: Диего Веласкез
მარგალური: დიეგო ველასკესი
Bahasa Melayu: Diego Velázquez
Mirandés: Diego Velázquez
norsk nynorsk: Diego Velázquez
олык марий: Веласкес, Диего
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Diego Velázquez
Piemontèis: Diego Velázquez
português: Diego Velázquez
Qaraqalpaqsha: Diego Velázquez
Runa Simi: Diego Velázquez
русиньскый: Дієґо Веласкес
саха тыла: Веласкес Диего
Simple English: Diego Velázquez
slovenščina: Diego Velázquez
Soomaaliga: Diego Velázquez
српски / srpski: Дијего Веласкез
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Diego Velázquez
tarandíne: Diego Velázquez
татарча/tatarça: Diego Velaskes
українська: Дієго Веласкес
vepsän kel’: Velaskes Diego
Tiếng Việt: Diego Velázquez
žemaitėška: Diegs Velaskesos
Lingua Franca Nova: Diego Velazquez