Dhanushkodi

Dhanushkodi
Former settlement
Dhanushkodi
Satellite view
Nickname(s): 
Ram Setu
Map showing location of Dhanushkodi within Tamil Nadu
Map showing location of Dhanushkodi within Tamil Nadu
Dhanushkodi
Location within Tamil Nadu
Map showing location of Dhanushkodi within Tamil Nadu
Map showing location of Dhanushkodi within Tamil Nadu
Dhanushkodi
Dhanushkodi (India)
Coordinates: 9°09′07″N 79°26′45″E / 9°09′07″N 79°26′45″E / 9.152011; 79.445851India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictRamanathapuram
Destroyed1964
Elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Telephone code+04567

Dhanushkodi is an abandoned town at the south-eastern tip of Pamban Island of the state of Tamil Nadu in India.[1] It is situated to the South-East of Pamban and is about 18 miles (29 km) west of Talaimannar in Sri Lanka. The town was destroyed during the 1964 Rameswaram cyclone and remains uninhabited in the aftermath.

1964 cyclone

The area around Rameswaram is prone to high-intensity geomorphic activity. A scientific study conducted by the Geological Survey of India indicated that the southern part of Dhanushkodi facing the Gulf of Mannar sank by almost 5 metres (16 ft) in 1948 and 1949, due to vertical tectonic movement of land parallel to the coastline. As a result of this, a patch of land of about 0.5 kilometres (0.31 mi) in width, stretching 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from north to south, submerged in the sea.[2]

On 17 December 1964, a depression formed at 5°N 93°E in the South Andaman Sea. On 19 December, it intensified into a cyclonic storm. After 21 December 1964, it moved westwards, almost in a straight line, at the rate of 400 to 550 kilometres (250 to 340 mi) per day. On 22 December, it crossed Vavunia in Sri Lanka and made landfall at Dhanushkodi on the night of 22–23 December 1964. Estimated wind velocity was 280 kilometres per hour (170 mph) and tidal waves were 7 metres (23 ft) high.[3]

An estimated 1,800 people died in the cyclonic storm on 22 December including 115 passengers on board the Pamban-Dhanushkodi passenger train.[4][5][6] The entire town was marooned and the Government of Madras declared Dhanushkodi as a Ghost town, unfit for living.[7]

In December 2004, the sea around Dhanushkodi receded about 500 metres (1,600 ft) from the coastline, exposing the submerged part of the town for a while followed by massive tsunami waves that struck the coast.[8][9]

Other Languages
Deutsch: Dhanushkodi
español: Dhanushkodi
हिन्दी: धनुषकोडी
മലയാളം: ധനുഷ്കോടി
português: Dhanushkodi
svenska: Dhanushkodi
తెలుగు: ధనుష్కోడి