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. (March 2017)
A demonym (/; δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
It is a
neologism (i.e., a recently minted term); previously gentilic was recorded in English dictionaries, e.g., the
Oxford English Dictionary and Chambers Twentieth Century Dictionary.
Examples of demonyms include a
Swahili for a person of the
Swahili coast, the colloquial
Kiwi for a person from
New Zealand, and a Cochabambino for a person from the city of
Demonyms do not always clearly distinguish place of origin or ethnicity from place of residence or citizenship, and many demonyms overlap with the
ethnonym for the ethnically dominant group of a region. Thus a Thai may be any resident or citizen of
Thailand of any ethnic group, or more narrowly a member of the
Conversely, some groups of people may be associated with multiple demonyms. For example, a native of the
United Kingdom may be called a
British person, a Briton or, informally, a Brit. In some languages, when a parallel demonym does not exist, a demonym is borrowed from another language as a nickname or descriptive adjective of a group of people, i.e. "Québécois(e)" for a native of
In English, demonyms are
 and are often the same as the adjectival form of the place, e.g. Egyptian, Japanese, or Greek. Significant exceptions exist; for instance the adjectival form of
Spain is "Spanish", but the demonym is "Spaniard".
English commonly uses national demonyms such as "Ethiopian" or "Guatemalan" and more local demonyms such as "
Wisconsinite", or "
 Some places, especially smaller towns and cities, lack a commonly used and accepted demonym.