Demographics of Canada

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1851 2,414,519—    
1861 3,174,442+31.5%
1871 3,689,000+16.2%
1881 4,325,000+17.2%
1891 4,833,000+11.7%
1901 5,371,000+11.1%
1911 7,207,000+34.2%
1921 8,788,000+21.9%
1931 10,377,000+18.1%
1941 11,507,000+10.9%
1951 14,050,000+22.1%
1961 18,271,000+30.0%
1971 21,962,032+20.2%
1981 24,819,915+13.0%
1991 28,037,420+13.0%
2001 31,020,596+10.6%
2011 33,476,688+7.9%
2016 35,151,728+5.0%
Starting in 1951, figures represent third quarter populations (July 1).
Source: Statistics Canada, 1851–1941[1] and 1951–2011[2]

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Canada, including population density, ethnicity, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population, the People of Canada.

Population

Population density of Canadian provinces and territories

The Canada 2016 Census had a total population count of 35,151,728 individuals, making up approximately 0.5% of the world's total population.[3][4]

Provinces and territories

Province or territory Population,

2016 Census

Population,

2011 Census

Population

Change (%),

2011–2016

Total land
area (km2)
Density
(people/km2)
House of
Commons
seats
People per
seat
Number Percentage Number Percentage
 Ontario 13,448,494 38.26% 12,851,821 38.39% 4.64% 1,076,395 12.49 121 111,145
 Quebec 8,164,361 23.23% 7,903,001 23.61% 3.30% 1,365,128 5.98 78 104,671
 British Columbia 4,648,055 13.22% 4,400,057 13.14% 5.63% 925,186 5.02 42 110,668
 Alberta 4,067,175 11.57% 3,645,257 10.89% 11.57% 642,317 6.33 34 119,623
 Manitoba 1,278,365 3.64% 1,208,268 3.61% 5.80% 553,556 2.31 14 91,312
 Saskatchewan 1,098,352 3.12% 1,033,381 3.09% 6.29% 591,670 1.86 14 78,454
 Nova Scotia 923,598 2.63% 921,727 2.75% 0.20% 53,338 17.32 11 83,963
 New Brunswick 747,101 2.13% 751,171 2.24% -0.54% 71,450 10.46 10 74,710
 Newfoundland and Labrador 519,716 1.48% 514,536 1.54% 1.01% 373,872 1.39 7 74,245
 Prince Edward Island 142,907 0.41% 140,204 0.42% 1.93% 5,660 25.25 4 35,727
 Northwest Territories 41,786 0.12% 41,462 0.12% 0.78% 1,183,085 0.04 1 41,786
 Nunavut 35,944 0.10% 31,906 0.09% 12.66% 1,936,113 0.02 1 35,944
 Yukon 35,874 0.10% 33,897 0.10% 5.83% 474,391 0.08 1 35,874
 Canada 35,151,728 100% 33,476,688 100% 5.00% 9,252,161 3.80 338 103,999
Sources: Statistics Canada[5][6]

Cities

Census metropolitan areas

CMA Province Population CMA Province Population
Toronto Ontario 5,928,040 London Ontario 494,069
Montreal Quebec 4,098,927 St. CatharinesNiagara Ontario 406,074
Vancouver British Columbia 2,463,431 Halifax Nova Scotia 403,390
Calgary Alberta 1,392,609 Oshawa Ontario 379,848
OttawaGatineau OntarioQuebec 1,323,783 Victoria British Columbia 367,770
Edmonton Alberta 1,321,426 Windsor Ontario 329,144
Quebec Quebec 800,296 Saskatoon Saskatchewan 295,095
Winnipeg Manitoba 778,489 Regina Saskatchewan 236,481
Hamilton Ontario 747,545 Sherbrooke Quebec 212,105
KitchenerCambridgeWaterloo Ontario 523,894 St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador 205,955
Growth rate of Canadian provinces

Population growth rates

According to Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)/World Bank, the population in Canada increased from 1990 to 2008 with 5.6 million and 20.4% growth in population, compared to 21.7% growth in the United States and 31.2% growth in Mexico. According to the OECD/World Bank population statistics, for the same period the world population growth was 27%, a total of 1,423 million people.[8] However, over the same period, the population of France grew by 8.0%. And from 1991 to 2011, the population of the UK increased by 10.0%.

Population projection