In the ruins of the Hellenistic city of Ai-Khanoum (former Greco-Bactrian kingdom, and modern Afghanistan), on a Herõon (funerary monument) identified in Greek as the tomb of Kineas (also described as the oikistes (founder) of the Greek settlement) and dated to 300-250 BCE, an inscription has been found describing part of the Delphic maxims (maxims 143 to 147):
- παῖς ὢν κόσμιος γίνου,
- ἡβῶν ἐγκρατής,
- μέσος δίκαιος,
- πρεσβύτης εὔβουλος,
- τελευτῶν ἄλυπος.
- "Païs ôn kosmios ginou (As children, learn good manners)
- hèbôn enkratès, (as young men, learn to control the passions)
- mesos dikaios (in middle age, be just)
- presbutès euboulos (in old age, give good advice)
- teleutôn alupos. (then die, without regret.)"
The precepts were placed by a Greek named Clearchos, who may or may not have been Clearchus of Soli the disciple of Aristotle, who, according to the same inscription, had copied them from Delphi:
- ἀνδρῶν τοι σοφὰ ταῦτα παλαιοτέρων ἀνάκει[τα]ι
- ῥήματα ἀριγνώτων Πυθοὶ ἐν ἠγαθέαι·
- ἔνθεν ταῦτ[α] Κλέαρχος ἐπιφραδέως ἀναγράψας
- εἵσατο τηλαυγῆ Κινέου ἐν τεμένει.
- "These wise commandments of men of old
- - Words of well-known thinkers - stand dedicated
- In the most holy Pythian shrine
- From there Klearchos, having copied them carefully, set them up, shining from afar, in the sanctuary of Kineas"