Delaware

State of Delaware
Flag of DelawareState seal of Delaware
FlagSeal
Nickname(s):
The First State; The Small Wonder;[1] Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
Motto(s): Liberty and Independence
State song(s): "Our Delaware"
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
DemonymDelawarean
CapitalDover
Largest cityWilmington
AreaRanked 49th
 • Total1,982[2] sq mi
(5,130 km2)
 • Width30 miles (48 km)
 • Length96 miles (154 km)
 • % water21.7[3]
 • Latitude38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
 • Longitude75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
PopulationRanked 45th
 • Total961,939 (2017 est.)[4]
 • Density469/sq mi  (179/km2)
Ranked 6th
 • Median household income$57,756[5] (24th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointNear the
Ebright Azimuth[6][7][8]
447.85 ft (136.50468 m)
 • Mean60 ft  (20 m)
 • Lowest pointAtlantic Ocean[6]
Sea level
Before statehoodDelaware Colony, New Netherland, New Sweden
Admission to UnionDecember 7, 1787 (1st)
GovernorJohn Carney (D)
Lieutenant GovernorBethany Hall-Long (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. SenatorsTom Carper (D)
Chris Coons (D)
U.S. House delegationLisa Blunt Rochester (D) (list)
Time zoneEastern: UTC −5/−4
ISO 3166US-DE
AbbreviationsDE, delaware.gov
Delaware state symbols
Flag of Delaware.svg
Seal of Delaware.svg
Living insignia
BirdDelaware Blue Hen
ButterflyEastern tiger swallowtail
Wildlife animalGrey fox
FishWeakfish
FlowerPeach blossom
Insect7-spotted ladybug
TreeAmerican holly
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
ColorsColonial blue, buff
FoodStrawberry, peach custard pie
FossilBelemnite
MineralSillimanite
SloganEndless Discoveries [9] – Formerly: It's Good Being First
SoilGreenwich
State route marker
Delaware state route marker
State quarter
Delaware quarter dollar coin
Released in 1999
Lists of United States state symbols

Delaware (ɛər/ (About this soundlisten))[10] is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.[a] It is bordered to the south and west by Maryland, north by Pennsylvania, and east by New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean. The state takes its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor.[11]

Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula. It is the second smallest and sixth least populous state, but the sixth most densely populated. Delaware's largest city is Wilmington. The state is divided into three counties, the lowest number of any state. From north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex County. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle County is more industrialized.

Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present town of Lewes, in 1631.[12] Delaware was one of the 13 colonies participating in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, and has since been known as "The First State".[13]

Etymology

The state was named after the Delaware River, which in turn derived its name from Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr (1577–1618) who was the ruling governor of the Colony of Virginia at the time Europeans first explored the river. The Delaware Indians, a name used by Europeans for Lenape people indigenous to the Delaware Valley, also derive their name from the same source.

The surname de La Warr comes from Sussex and is of Anglo-Norman origin.[14] It came probably from a Norman lieu-dit La Guerre. This toponymic could derive from the Latin word ager, from the Breton gwern or from the Late Latin varectum (fallow). The toponyms Gara, Gare, Gaire (the sound [ä] often mutated in [æ]) also appear in old texts cited by Lucien Musset, where the word ga(i)ra means gore. It could also be linked with a patronymic from the Old Norse verr.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Delaware
አማርኛ: ዴላዌር
Ænglisc: Delaware
العربية: ديلاوير
aragonés: Delaware
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܕܝܠܐܘܝܪ
arpetan: Delaware
asturianu: Delaware
Avañe'ẽ: Delaware
Aymar aru: Delaware suyu
azərbaycanca: Delaver
Bân-lâm-gú: Delaware
башҡортса: Делавэр
беларуская: Дэлавэр
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Дэлаўэр
भोजपुरी: डेलावेर
Bikol Central: Delaware
Bislama: Delaware
български: Делауеър
Boarisch: Delaware
བོད་ཡིག: དྷེའི་ལ་ཝར།
bosanski: Delaware
brezhoneg: Delaware
буряад: Делавэр
català: Delaware
Чӑвашла: Делавэр
čeština: Delaware
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Delaware
corsu: Delaware
Cymraeg: Delaware
dansk: Delaware
davvisámegiella: Delaware
Deutsch: Delaware
eesti: Delaware
Ελληνικά: Ντέλαγουερ
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Delaware
español: Delaware
Esperanto: Delavaro
euskara: Delaware
Fiji Hindi: Delaware
føroyskt: Delaware
français: Delaware
Frysk: Delaware
Gaeilge: Delaware
Gaelg: Delaware
Gagauz: Delaware
Gàidhlig: Delaware
galego: Delaware
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌳𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌰𐍅𐌰𐌹𐍂
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Delaware
хальмг: Делавэр
한국어: 델라웨어주
Hawaiʻi: Kelawea
հայերեն: Դելավեր
हिन्दी: डेलावेयर
hornjoserbsce: Delaware
hrvatski: Delaware
Igbo: Déláwè
Ilokano: Delaware
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: ডেলাওয়্যার
Bahasa Indonesia: Delaware
interlingua: Delaware
Interlingue: Delaware
Iñupiak: Delauaare
Ирон: Делавэр
íslenska: Delaware (fylki)
italiano: Delaware
עברית: דלאוור
Basa Jawa: Delaware
Kabɩyɛ: Telawɛɛrɩ
Kapampangan: Delaware
қазақша: Делавэр
kernowek: Delaware
Kiswahili: Delaware
Kreyòl ayisyen: Delawè
kurdî: Delaware
кырык мары: Делавэр
Ladino: Delaware
لۊری شومالی: دئلاڤییئر
Latina: Delavaria
latviešu: Delavēra
Lëtzebuergesch: Delaware
lietuvių: Delaveras
Ligure: Delaware
Limburgs: Delaware
Lingua Franca Nova: Delaware
lumbaart: Delaware
magyar: Delaware
मैथिली: डेलावेयर
македонски: Делавер
Malagasy: Delaware
മലയാളം: ഡെലവെയർ
Māori: Delaware
मराठी: डेलावेर
მარგალური: დელავერიშ შტატი
مصرى: ديلاوير
مازِرونی: دلاویر
Bahasa Melayu: Delaware
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Delaware
монгол: Делавар
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒယ်လာဝဲပြည်နယ်
Dorerin Naoero: Delaware
Nederlands: Delaware
Nedersaksies: Delaware
नेपाली: डेलावेयर
नेपाल भाषा: देलावेर
нохчийн: Делавэр
Nordfriisk: Delaware
norsk: Delaware
norsk nynorsk: Delaware
occitan: Delaware
олык марий: Делавэр
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Delaver
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡੇਲਾਵੇਅਰ
पालि: डेलावेर
پنجابی: ڈیلاویئر
Papiamentu: Delaware
Piemontèis: Delaware
Plattdüütsch: Delaware
polski: Delaware
português: Delaware
română: Delaware
rumantsch: Delaware
Runa Simi: Delaware suyu
русский: Делавэр
संस्कृतम्: डेलावेर्
sardu: Delaware
Scots: Delaware
Seeltersk: Delaware
shqip: Delaware
sicilianu: Delaware
Simple English: Delaware
slovenščina: Delaware
کوردی: دێلاوێر
српски / srpski: Делавер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Delaware
suomi: Delaware
svenska: Delaware
Tagalog: Delaware
தமிழ்: டெலவெயர்
Taqbaylit: Delaware
татарча/tatarça: Делавэр (штат)
తెలుగు: డెలావేర్
ᏣᎳᎩ: ᏕᎳᏪᎢ
Türkçe: Delaware
українська: Делавер
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Délawiyer Shitati
Tiếng Việt: Delaware
Volapük: Delaware
文言: 德拉瓦州
Winaray: Delaware
ייִדיש: דעלעווער
Yorùbá: Delaware
粵語: 特拉華州
Zazaki: Delaware
žemaitėška: Delavers
中文: 特拉华州