Death

Statue of Death, personified as a human skeleton dressed in a shroud and clutching a scythe, from the Cathedral of Trier in Trier, Germany

Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.[1] Phenomena which commonly bring about death include aging, predation, malnutrition, disease, suicide, homicide, starvation, dehydration, and accidents or major trauma resulting in terminal injury.[2] In most cases, bodies of living organisms begin to decompose shortly after death.[3]

Death – particularly the death of humans – has commonly been considered a sad or unpleasant occasion, due to the affection for the being that has died and the termination of social and familial bonds with the deceased. Other concerns include fear of death, necrophobia, anxiety, sorrow, grief, emotional pain, depression, sympathy, compassion, solitude, or saudade. Many cultures and religions have the idea of an afterlife, and also hold the idea of reward or judgement and punishment for past sin.

Etymology

The word death comes from Old English dēaþ, which in turn comes from Proto-Germanic *dauþuz (reconstructed by etymological analysis). This comes from the Proto-Indo-European stem *dheu- meaning the "process, act, condition of dying".[4]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dood
Alemannisch: Tod
العربية: موت
aragonés: Muerte
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܡܘܬܐ
armãneashti: Moarti
অসমীয়া: মৃত্যু
asturianu: Muerte
Avañe'ẽ: Mano
azərbaycanca: Ölüm
تۆرکجه: اؤلوم
বাংলা: মৃত্যু
Bân-lâm-gú: Sí-bông
башҡортса: Үлем
беларуская: Смерць
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Сьмерць
भोजपुरी: मौत
български: Смърт
Boarisch: Doud
བོད་ཡིག: ཤི་བ།
bosanski: Smrt
brezhoneg: Marv
буряад: Үхэл
català: Mort
Cebuano: Kamatayon
čeština: Smrt
Cymraeg: Marwolaeth
dansk: Død
Deutsch: Tod
eesti: Surm
Ελληνικά: Θάνατος
эрзянь: Кулома озкс
español: Muerte
Esperanto: Morto
estremeñu: Muerti
euskara: Heriotza
فارسی: مرگ
Fiji Hindi: Maut
français: Mort
Frysk: Dea
Gaeilge: Bás
galego: Morte
贛語: 過世
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî:
한국어: 죽음
հայերեն: Մահ
हिन्दी: मृत्यु
hrvatski: Smrt
Ido: Morto
Ilokano: Patay
Bahasa Indonesia: Kematian
interlingua: Morte
íslenska: Dauði
italiano: Morte
עברית: מוות
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಮರಣ
ქართული: სიკვდილი
қазақша: Өлім
Kiswahili: Mauti
Kreyòl ayisyen: Lanmò
kurdî: Mirin
Кыргызча: Өлүм
кырык мары: Колен
Latina: Mors
latviešu: Nāve
lietuvių: Mirtis
Ligure: Morte
Limburgs: Doead
lingála: Liwâ
magyar: Halál
македонски: Смрт
മലയാളം: മരണം
Malti: Mewt
मराठी: मृत्यू
مصرى: موت
Bahasa Melayu: Ajal
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄:
монгол: Үхэл
မြန်မာဘာသာ: သေဆုံးခြင်း
Nāhuatl: Miquiztli
Nederlands: Dood
日本語:
norsk: Død
norsk nynorsk: Død
occitan: Mòrt
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Oʻlim
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਮੌਤ
پنجابی: مرن
Papiamentu: Morto
پښتو: مړینه
polski: Śmierć
português: Morte
română: Moarte
Runa Simi: Wañuy
русиньскый: Смерть
русский: Смерть
саха тыла: Өлүү
Scots: Daith
shqip: Vdekja
sicilianu: Morti
සිංහල: මරණය
Simple English: Death
سنڌي: موت
slovenčina: Smrť
slovenščina: Smrt
словѣньскъ / ⰔⰎⰑⰂⰡⰐⰠⰔⰍⰟ: Съмрьть
ślůnski: Śmjyrć
Soomaaliga: Geeri
کوردی: مەرگ
српски / srpski: Смрт
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Smrt
Basa Sunda: Paéh
suomi: Kuolema
svenska: Döden
Tagalog: Kamatayan
தமிழ்: இறப்பு
татарча/tatarça: Үлем
తెలుగు: మరణం
ತುಳು: ಸಾವು
Türkçe: Ölüm
українська: Смерть
اردو: موت
Vahcuengh: Dai
Tiếng Việt: Chết
walon: Moirt
文言:
Winaray: Kamatayon
吴语:
ייִדיש: טויט
粵語:
Zazaki: Merg
žemaitėška: Smertės
中文: 死亡
Kabɩyɛ: Sɩm