Dealey Plaza

Dealey Plaza Historic District
Dealey Plaza 2003.jpg
View from southwest, with the former Texas School Book Depository building at left, and the Dal-Tex Building, right next to it
Location411 Elm Street, Dallas, Texas
Coordinates32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.77861; -96.80833
Area15 acres (6.1 ha)
Built1940
Architectural styleChicago, Early Commercial, Romanesque
NRHP reference #93001607[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 19, 1993[1]
Designated NHLDOctober 12, 1993[2][3]

Dealey Plaza / is a city park in the West End district of downtown Dallas, Texas. It is sometimes called the "birthplace of Dallas". It also was the location of the assassination of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, on November 22, 1963. The Dealey Plaza Historic District was named a National Historic Landmark in 1993 to preserve Dealey Plaza, street rights-of-way, and buildings and structures by the plaza visible from the assassination site, that have been identified as witness locations or as possible locations for assassins.[2][3]

History

Dealey Plaza in 1969. The Texas School Book Depository can be seen in the background.

Dealey Plaza was built on land donated by early Dallas philanthropist and businesswoman Sarah Horton Cockrell. It was the location of the first home built in Dallas, which also became the first courthouse and post office, the first store, and the first fraternal lodge. It is sometimes called the "birthplace of Dallas".[4] The plaza was completed in 1940 as a WPA project[5] on the west edge of downtown Dallas where three streets converge (Main Street, Elm Street, and Commerce Street) to pass under a railroad bridge known locally as the "triple underpass."

The plaza is named for George Bannerman Dealey (1859–1946), a civic leader and early publisher of The Dallas Morning News, who had campaigned for the area's revitalization. Monuments outlining the plaza honor previous prominent Dallas residents and predate President John F. Kennedy's visit by many years. The monument honoring President Kennedy, in the form of a cenotaph, is one block away.

Other Languages
català: Dealey Plaza
Deutsch: Dealey Plaza
Ελληνικά: Ντίλι Πλάζα
español: Plaza Dealey
français: Dealey Plaza
Bahasa Indonesia: Dealey Plaza
italiano: Dealey Plaza
português: Dealey Plaza
Simple English: Dealey Plaza
svenska: Dealey Plaza
中文: 迪利广场