Date palm

Date palm
Dates on date palm.jpg
Dates on date palm
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Clade:Commelinids
Order:Arecales
Family:Arecaceae
Genus:Phoenix
Species:P. dactylifera
Binomial name
Phoenix dactylifera
L.
Synonyms[1]
  • Palma dactylifera (L.) Mill.
  • Phoenix chevalieri D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón
  • Phoenix iberica D.Rivera, S.Ríos & Obón

Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm,[2] is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Although its place of origin is unknown because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling between Egypt and Mesopotamia.[3] The species is widely cultivated across Northern Africa, Middle East and South Asia, and is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical regions worldwide.[4][5][6] P. dactylifera is the type species of genus Phoenix, which contains 12–19 species of wild date palms, and is the major source of commercial production.[3]

Date trees typically reach about 21–23 metres (69–75 ft) in height,[7] growing singly or forming a clump with several stems from a single root system. Date fruits (dates) are oval-cylindrical, 3–7 cm (1.2–2.8 in) long, and about an inch (2.5 cm) in diameter, ranging from bright red to bright yellow in color, depending on variety. They are very sweet, containing about 75 percent of sugar when dried.

Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Arabia from the 6th millennium BCE. The total annual world production of dates amounts to 8.5 million metric tons, countries of the Middle East and North Africa being the largest producers.[8]

Etymology

The species name dactylifera "date-bearing" comes from the Greek words daktylos (δάκτυλος), which means "date" (also "finger"),[9] and fero (φέρω), which means "I bear".[10] The fruit is known as a date.[11] The fruit's English name (through Old French), as well as the Latin both come from the Greek word for "finger", dáktulos, because of the fruit's elongated shape.

Other Languages
Acèh: Keureuma
አማርኛ: ተምር
العربية: نخلة التمر
asturianu: Dátil
azərbaycanca: Barmaqvari finik
تۆرکجه: خورما
বাংলা: খেজুর
bosanski: Hurma
Cebuano: Datilero
eesti: Datlipalm
Ελληνικά: Χουρμαδιά
Esperanto: Daktilopalmo
فارسی: خرما
Gaeilge: Pailm dátaí
Gàidhlig: Craobh-phailm
galego: Datileira
한국어: 대추야자
हिन्दी: खजूर
hornjoserbsce: Wšědny datlowc
hrvatski: Datulja
Bahasa Indonesia: Kurma (pohon)
interlingua: Phoenix dactylifera
íslenska: Döðlupálmi
עברית: תמר מצוי
Basa Jawa: Kurma
kurdî: Qesp
лакку: Чассаг
latviešu: Dateļpalma
മലയാളം: ഈന്തപ്പന
मराठी: खजूर
مازِرونی: خارما
Bahasa Melayu: Pokok kurma
မြန်မာဘာသာ: စွန်ပလွံပင်
Nederlands: Dadelpalm
日本語: ナツメヤシ
Nordfriisk: Echt datelpualem
norsk nynorsk: Daddel
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਖਜੂਰ
پنجابی: کھجور
پښتو: کجوره
Piemontèis: Phoenix dactylifera
português: Tamareira
română: Finic
संस्कृतम्: खर्जूरम्
Simple English: Date Palm
سنڌي: کجي
slovenščina: Pravi datljevec
Soomaaliga: Geed Timir
کوردی: خورما
српски / srpski: Датула
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Datulja
Basa Sunda: Korma
svenska: Dadelpalm
Tagalog: Datilero
தமிழ்: பேரீச்சை
తెలుగు: ఖర్జూరం
тоҷикӣ: Хурмо
Türkçe: Hurma
українська: Фінік їстівний
اردو: کھجور
Tiếng Việt: Chà là
ייִדיש: טייטלבוים
粵語: 椰棗
中文: 椰棗