Daniel Morgan

Daniel Morgan
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 1st district
In office
March 4, 1797 – March 3, 1799
Preceded byRobert Rutherford
Succeeded byRobert Page
Personal details
BornJuly 6, 1736
Hunterdon County
New Jersey
DiedJuly 6, 1802(1802-07-06) (aged 66)
Winchester, Virginia
Resting placeMount Hebron Cemetery, Winchester, Virginia
Political partyFederalist
Spouse(s)Abigail Curry[1]
RelativesDaniel Boone (cousin)
Squire Boone (cousin)
Military service
Allegiance United States
Branch/service Continental Army
 United States Army
Years of service1775–1783; 1794
RankBrigadier General
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War

Daniel Morgan (July 6, 1736 – July 6, 1802) was an American pioneer, soldier, and politician from Virginia. One of the most gifted battlefield tacticians of the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), he later commanded troops during the suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794).

Born in New Jersey to Welsh immigrants, Morgan settled in Winchester, Virginia. He became an officer of the Virginia militia and recruited a company of soldiers at the start of the Revolutionary War. Early in the war, Morgan served in Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec and in the Saratoga campaign. He also served in the Philadelphia campaign but resigned from the army in 1779.

Morgan returned to the army after the Battle of Camden, and led the Continental Army to victory in the Battle of Cowpens. After the war, Morgan retired from the army again and developed a large estate. He was recalled to duty in 1794 to help suppress the Whiskey Rebellion, and commanded a portion of the army that remained in Western Pennsylvania after the rebellion. A member of the Federalist Party, Morgan twice ran for the United States House of Representatives, winning election to the House in 1796. He retired from Congress in 1799 and died in 1802.

Early years

Daniel Morgan is believed to have been born in the village of New Hampton, New Jersey[2] in Lebanon Township.[3] All four of his grandparents were Welsh immigrants who lived in Pennsylvania.[4] Morgan was the fifth of seven children of James Morgan (1702–1782) and Eleanor Lloyd (1706–1748). When Morgan was 17, he left home following a fight with his father. After working at odd jobs in Pennsylvania, he moved to the Shenandoah Valley. He finally settled on the Virginia frontier, near what is now Winchester, Virginia.

He worked clearing land, in a sawmill, and as a teamster. In just a year, he saved enough to buy his own team. Morgan had served as a civilian teamster during the French and Indian War, with his cousin Daniel Boone.[5] After returning from the advance on Fort Duquesne (Pittsburgh) by General Braddock's command, he was punished with 499 lashes (a usually fatal sentence) for striking his superior officer.[6] Morgan thus acquired a hatred for the British Army. He then met Abigail Curry; they married and had two daughters, Nancy and Betsy.

Morgan later served as a rifleman in the provincial forces assigned to protect the western settlements from French-backed Indian raids. Some time after the war, he purchased a farm between Winchester and Battletown. By 1774, he was so prosperous that he owned ten slaves.[7] That year, he served in Dunmore's War, taking part in raids on Shawnee villages in the Ohio Country.

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