Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe
Daniel Defoe Kneller Style.jpg
BornDaniel Foe
London, England
Died24 April 1731 (aged 70)
London, England
Resting placeBunhill Fields
OccupationWriter, journalist, merchant
SpouseMary Tuffley

Daniel Defoe (/; c. 1660 – 24 April 1731),[1] born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy. He is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe, which is second only to the Bible in its number of translations.[2] He has been seen as one of the earliest proponents of the English novel, and helped to popularise the form in Britain with others such as Aphra Behn and Samuel Richardson.[3] Defoe wrote many political tracts and often was in trouble with the authorities, including a spell in prison. Intellectuals and political leaders paid attention to his fresh ideas and sometimes consulted with him.

Defoe was a prolific and versatile writer, producing more than three hundred works[4]—books, pamphlets, and journals—on diverse topics, including politics, crime, religion, marriage, psychology, and the supernatural. He was also a pioneer of business journalism[5] and economic journalism.[6]

Early life

Daniel Foe (his original name) was probably born in Fore Street in the parish of St Giles Cripplegate, London.[7] Defoe later added the aristocratic-sounding "De" to his name, and on occasion claimed descent from the family of De Beau Faux. His birthdate and birthplace are uncertain, and sources offer dates from 1659 to 1662, with the summer or early autumn of 1660 considered the most likely.[8] His father, James Foe, was a prosperous tallow chandler and a member of the Worshipful Company of Butchers. In Defoe's early life, he experienced some of the most unusual occurrences in English history: in 1665, 70,000 were killed by the Great Plague of London, and the next year, the Great Fire of London left standing only Defoe's and two other houses in his neighbourhood.[9] In 1667, when he was probably about seven, a Dutch fleet sailed up the Medway via the River Thames and attacked the town of Chatham in the raid on the Medway. His mother, Annie, had died by the time he was about ten.[10][11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Daniel Defoe
العربية: دانييل ديفو
aragonés: Daniel Defoe
asturianu: Daniel Defoe
azərbaycanca: Daniel Defo
تۆرکجه: دانیل دفو
башҡортса: Даниель Дефо
беларуская: Даніэль Дэфо
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Даніель Дэфо
български: Даниел Дефо
bosanski: Daniel Defoe
brezhoneg: Daniel Defoe
català: Daniel Defoe
Чӑвашла: Даниэль Дефо
čeština: Daniel Defoe
Cymraeg: Daniel Defoe
Deutsch: Daniel Defoe
Ελληνικά: Ντάνιελ Ντεφόε
español: Daniel Defoe
Esperanto: Daniel Defoe
euskara: Daniel Defoe
فارسی: دانیل دفو
føroyskt: Daniel Defoe
français: Daniel Defoe
Gaeilge: Daniel Defoe
galego: Daniel Defoe
한국어: 대니얼 디포
հայերեն: Դանիել Դեֆո
hrvatski: Daniel Defoe
Bahasa Indonesia: Daniel Defoe
íslenska: Daniel Defoe
italiano: Daniel Defoe
עברית: דניאל דפו
Basa Jawa: Daniel Defoe
ქართული: დანიელ დეფო
қазақша: Даниэль Дефо
kurdî: Daniel Defoe
Кыргызча: Даниель Дефо
Latina: Daniel Defoe
latviešu: Daniels Defo
lietuvių: Daniel Defoe
magyar: Daniel Defoe
македонски: Даниел Дефо
Malagasy: Daniel Defoe
მარგალური: დანიელ დეფო
монгол: Даниэл Дефо
Nederlands: Daniel Defoe
norsk nynorsk: Daniel Defoe
occitan: Daniel Defoe
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Daniel Defoe
Piemontèis: Daniel Defoe
polski: Daniel Defoe
português: Daniel Defoe
română: Daniel Defoe
Runa Simi: Daniel Defoe
русиньскый: Даніел Дефо
русский: Дефо, Даниель
Simple English: Daniel Defoe
slovenčina: Daniel Defoe
slovenščina: Daniel Defoe
српски / srpski: Данијел Дефо
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Daniel Defoe
svenska: Daniel Defoe
Tagalog: Daniel Defoe
татарча/tatarça: Даниель Дефо
тоҷикӣ: Даниел Дефо
Türkçe: Daniel Defoe
Türkmençe: Daniel Defo
українська: Данієль Дефо
Tiếng Việt: Daniel Defoe
Winaray: Daniel Defoe
粵語: 笛福