Dallas, Texas
City of Dallas
Top to bottom, left to right: Downtown Dallas skyline, Old Red Museum, NorthPark Center, Dallas City Hall, Dallas Museum of Art, Winspear Opera House, Perot Museum of Nature and Science, State Fair of Texas at Fair Park, Dallas Union Station, the Dallas Arboretum and Botanical Garden, and the American Airlines Center
Flag of Dallas, Texas
Official seal of Dallas, Texas
Nickname(s): Big D, D-Town
Location of Dallas in Dallas County and the U.S. state of Texas
Location of Dallas in Dallas County and the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the U.S.
Map of the U.S.
Location of Dallas in the contiguous United States
Map of the U.S.
Map of the U.S.
Dallas (the US)
Coordinates: 32°47′N 96°48′W / 32°47′N 96°48′W / 32.783; -96.800
CountryUnited States
IncorporatedFebruary 2, 1856
CountiesDallas, Collin, Denton, Rockwall, Kaufman
 • TypeCouncil–Manager
 • BodyDallas City Council
 • MayorMike Rawlings (D)
 • City385.8 sq mi (999.3 km2)
 • Land340.5 sq mi (881.9 km2)
 • Water45.3 sq mi (117.4 km2)
 • Urban1,407.2 sq mi (3,645 km2)
Elevation430 ft (131 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • City1,197,816
 • Estimate (2017)[2]1,341,075
 • Rank(US: 9th)
 • Density3,876/sq mi (1,497/km2)
 • Urban5,121,892 (6th)
 • Metro7,233,323 (4th)
 • CSA7,673,305 (7th)
 • DemonymDallasite
Time zoneCentral (UTC−6)
 • Summer (DST)Central (UTC−5)
ZIP Codes
Area codes214, 469, 972, 682, 817[4][5]
FIPS code48-19000[6]
GNIS feature ID1380944[7]
ZIP Code prefix752,753
InterstatesI-20 (TX).svg I-30 (TX).svg I-45 (TX).svg
I-35E (TX).svg I-345 (TX).svg I-635 (TX).svg
U.S. RoutesUS 67.svg US 75.svg US 77.svg US 80.svg US 175.svg

Dallas (s/) is a city in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, which is the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States. The city's population ranks ninth in the U.S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio.[8][9] The city's prominence arose from its historical importance as a center for the oil and cotton industries, and its position along numerous railroad lines. The bulk of the city is in Dallas County, of which it is the county seat; however, sections of the city are in Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall counties. According to the 2010 United States Census, the city had a population of 1,197,816. The United States Census Bureau's estimate for the city's population increased to 1,341,075 as of July 1, 2017.[10]

Dallas is one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. From 2010 to 2016, Dallas recorded the highest net domestic migration in the country, in excess of 300,000.[11] Overall, the Dallas–Fort Worth metro area had the second largest population increase among metro areas in the U.S., which recorded a population of 7,233,323 as of July 1, 2016, an increase of 807,000 people since the 2010 census.[12] Located in North Texas, Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the South and the largest inland metropolitan area in the United States that lacks any navigable link to the sea.[13]

Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton, cattle, and later oil in North and East Texas. The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub with four major interstate highways converging in the city, and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center, and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways, and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world.[14]

Dallas is rated a "beta(+)" global city. The economy of Dallas is considered diverse, with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications and transportation.[15] It serves as the headquarters for 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies including ExxonMobil (Irving), J.C. Penney (Plano), and American Airlines (Fort Worth). The city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds, and is recognized for having the sixth largest lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) population in the United States.[16]


Elm Street at night, January 1942

Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. Later, France also claimed the area but never established much settlement.

In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain, officially placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory.[17] The area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, and the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, Texians, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas.[18]

In 1839, Warren Angus Ferris surveyed the area around present-day Dallas. John Neely Bryan established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841. The origin of the name is uncertain. The general consensus is the city was named after either Dallas, Scotland or after Sen. George Mifflin Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas.[19] The Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856.

With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century. It became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, and the Midwest. The Praetorian Building of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time. It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth, where a similar drivers club was based. The rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing.

In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico, the small park was on the corner of Akard and Caruth Street, site of the current Fairmount Hotel.[20] The small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to the Hispanic population that had come to Dallas due to factors like the American Dream, better living conditions or the Mexican Revolution.[citation needed]

Dallas skyline, 1912

On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas. The upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments.

On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states. The gunman, later identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m., killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were also injured. This marked the deadliest day for U.S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he was upset about recent police shootings of black men and wanted to kill whites, especially white officers. After hours of negotiation failed, police resorted to a robot-delivered bomb, killing Johnson inside El Centro College. The shooting occurred in an area of hotels, restaurants, businesses, and residential apartments only a few blocks away from Dealey Plaza.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dallas
Alemannisch: Dallas
አማርኛ: ዳላስ
العربية: دالاس (تكساس)
aragonés: Dallas
asturianu: Dallas
azərbaycanca: Dallas
تۆرکجه: دالاس
bamanankan: Dallas
বাংলা: ডালাস
Bân-lâm-gú: Dallas
беларуская: Далас
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Далас
български: Далас
bosanski: Dallas
brezhoneg: Dallas
català: Dallas
čeština: Dallas
corsu: Dallas
Cymraeg: Dallas
dansk: Dallas
Deutsch: Dallas
eesti: Dallas
Ελληνικά: Ντάλας
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Dallas
español: Dallas
Esperanto: Dallas (Teksaso)
euskara: Dallas
فارسی: دالاس
føroyskt: Dallas
français: Dallas
Gaeilge: Dallas, Texas
Gàidhlig: Dallas, Texas
贛語: 達拉斯
Gĩkũyũ: Dallas
ગુજરાતી: ડલ્લાસ
한국어: 댈러스
Հայերեն: Դալաս
हिन्दी: डैलस
hornjoserbsce: Dallas
hrvatski: Dallas, Teksas
Ido: Dallas
Bahasa Indonesia: Dallas
interlingua: Dallas (Texas)
Ирон: Даллас
íslenska: Dallas
italiano: Dallas
עברית: דאלאס
Basa Jawa: Dallas
Kapampangan: Dallas, Texas
ქართული: დალასი
қазақша: Даллас
kernowek: Dallas
Kiswahili: Dallas, Texas
Kreyòl ayisyen: Dalas (Teksas)
kurdî: Dallas
Кыргызча: Даллас шаары
кырык мары: Даллас
Ladino: Dallas
Latina: Dallasium
latviešu: Dalasa
Lëtzebuergesch: Dallas
lietuvių: Dalasas
lingála: Dallas
lumbaart: Dallas
magyar: Dallas
македонски: Далас
Malagasy: Dallas
മലയാളം: ഡാളസ്
मराठी: डॅलस
მარგალური: დალასი
مصرى: دالاس
Bahasa Melayu: Dallas
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဒါးလတ်စ်မြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Dallas
Nederlands: Dallas (Texas)
日本語: ダラス
нохчийн: Даллас
norsk: Dallas
norsk nynorsk: Dallas
occitan: Dallas
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dallas
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡਾਲਸ
پنجابی: ڈیلاس
Piemontèis: Dallas
polski: Dallas
português: Dallas
română: Dallas
Runa Simi: Dallas
русский: Даллас
саха тыла: Даллас
sardu: Dallas
Scots: Dallas
Seeltersk: Dallas
shqip: Dallas
sicilianu: Dallas
Simple English: Dallas
slovenčina: Dallas
slovenščina: Dallas, Teksas
ślůnski: Dallas
Soomaaliga: Dallas
کوردی: داڵاس
Sranantongo: Dallas
српски / srpski: Далас
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dallas, Texas
suomi: Dallas
svenska: Dallas
Tagalog: Dallas, Texas
தமிழ்: டாலஸ்
Taqbaylit: Dallas
తెలుగు: డల్లాస్
Türkçe: Dallas
Twi: Dallas
українська: Даллас
اردو: ڈیلاس
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Dallas
vepsän kel’: Dallas
Tiếng Việt: Dallas
Volapük: Dallas (Texas)
Winaray: Dallas
Yorùbá: Dallas
粵語: 達拉斯
中文: 達拉斯
डोटेली: डेलस