Dalian

Dalian
大连市
Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city
Dalian Montage (2).jpg
Clockwise from top: Dalian skyline (Qingniwa CBD), Tiaoyue Bridge at Xinghai Square, Citibank at Zhongshan Square, Dalian International Conference Center
Location of Dalian City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Location of Dalian City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Dalian is located in Liaoning
Dalian
Dalian
Location of the city in Liaoning
Coordinates: 38°55′15″N 121°38′21″E / 38°55′15″N 121°38′21″E / 38.92083; 121.63917
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceLiaoning
Settled1899
Transfer of sovereignty to Japan (Treaty of Shimonoseki)17 April 1895
Russian occupation

Japanese occupation
3 March 1898 – 2 January 1905
1905 – 15 August 1945
– Transfer of sovereignty to China16 April 1955
Municipal seatXigang District
County-level divisions7 districts, 2 county cities, 1 county
Government
 • CPC SecretaryTan Zuojun (谭作钧)
 • MayorTan Chengxu (谭成旭)
Area
 • Total13,237 km2 (5,111 sq mi)
 • Land12,573.85 km2 (4,854.79 sq mi)
Elevation29 m (95 ft)
Population (2010 census)[2]
 • Total6,690,432
 • Density532.09/km2 (1,378.1/sq mi)
 • Hukou population (2014)5,943,000[1]
GDP (nominal) 2016[1]
 • TotalCNY 823.42 billion
USD 119.76 billion
 • Per capitaCNY 117,850
USD 17,141
 • GrowthIncrease 6.5%
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code116000
Area code(s)0411
ISO 3166 codeCN-LN-02
Vehicle registration辽B
Division code210200
HDI (2011)0.86 - very high[3]
Coastline1,906 km (1,184 mi) (excluding islands)
City flowerChina rose
City treeDragon juniper
Websitewww.dl.gov.cn
Dalian
Dalian (Chinese characters).svg
"Dalian" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese大连
Traditional Chinese大連
PostalDalny
Dairen (1905–1945)
Literal meaning"Great Connection"
Lüda (1950–1981)
Chinese旅大
PostalLuta
Korean name
Hangul대련
Hanja大連
Japanese name
Kanji大連
Hiraganaだいれん
Russian name
RussianДальний
RomanizationDalniy
External video
Dalian Promotional Video
Dalian Promotional Video by 枫丹白露, 2015.[4]

Dalian is a major city and seaport in the south of Liaoning Province, China. It is the southernmost city of the Liaodong Peninsula. Dalian is the province's second largest city and has sub-provincial administrative status.[5] The Shandong Peninsula lies southwest across the Bohai Strait and Korea lies across the Yellow Sea to the east.

Today a financial, shipping and logistics centre for Northeast Asia, Dalian has a significant history of being used by foreign powers for its ports. Dalian was previously known as both Dalniy[6] (Russian: Дальний; Dal'nii) and Dairen (Japanese: 大連). However, the city was better known as Port Arthur (Russian: Порт-Артур; Port-Artur) and Ryojun (Japanese: 旅順) from the original Port Arthur, now the city's Lüshunkou district.

In 2016, Dalian ranks 48th in the Global Financial Centres Index, the other Chinese cities on the list being Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Beijing and Qingdao.[7] In 2012, Dalian ranked 82nd in the Global City Competitiveness Index.[8] In 2006, Dalian was named China's most livable city by China Daily.[9]

Names

Modern Dalian originated from Qingniwa (Chinese: 青泥洼; pinyin: Qīngníwā; literally: "cyan mud swamp") or Qingniwaqiao (Chinese: 青泥洼桥; pinyin: Qīngníwāqiáo; literally: "bridge over the cyan mud swamp"), a small fishing village. Russia built a commercial town for the Kwantung Leased Territory after assuming control in 1898 and called it "Dalniy" (Russian: Дальний, translit. Dal'nii, lit. 'a remote one (in reference to the town's location)',[10] rendered as Chinese: 达里尼; pinyin: Dálǐní) from 1898–1905. After the Russo-Japanese War, Japan occupied the Kwantung Leased Territory and renamed the city Dairen (Japanese: 大連/だいれん)[10] after the Chinese name for Dalian Bay (simplified Chinese: 大连湾; traditional Chinese: 大連灣; pinyin: Dàlián Wān). English sources called the city "Dairen" in this period, from the Japanese.

In 1950, Dalian merged with nearby town called Lüshun (Chinese: 旅顺) (formerly "Ryojun" and before that, "Port Arthur") to form the city of Lüda[10] (Chinese: 旅大; pinyin: Lǚdà), a name formed from the first syllable of each constituent's name which was usually rendered as Luta in English during that era. In 1981, the State Council again renamed the city, from Lüda to "Dalian" (simplified Chinese: 大连; traditional Chinese: 大連; pinyin: Dàlián, the same Chinese characters as Japanese Dairen), effective 5 March 1981.[10]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Dalian
العربية: داليان
asturianu: Dalián
azərbaycanca: Dalyan
Bân-lâm-gú: Tāi-liân-chhī
беларуская: Далянь
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Далянь
български: Далян (Китай)
brezhoneg: Dalian
буряад: Далянь
català: Dalian
čeština: Ta-lien
dansk: Dalian
Deutsch: Dalian
eesti: Dalian
Ελληνικά: Νταλιάν
español: Dalián
Esperanto: Dalian
euskara: Dalian
فارسی: دالیان
français: Dalian
galego: Dalian
Gĩkũyũ: Dalian
한국어: 다롄 시
հայերեն: Դալյան
hrvatski: Dalian
Bahasa Indonesia: Dalian
Ирон: Далянь
italiano: Dalian
עברית: דאליין
kalaallisut: Dalian
ქართული: დალიანი
kernowek: Dalian
Кыргызча: Далянь шаары
latviešu: Daliaņa
lietuvių: Dalianas
magyar: Talien
Malagasy: Dalian
മലയാളം: ഡാലിയൻ
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Dâi-lièng
монгол: Далянь хот
မြန်မာဘာသာ: တလျန်မြို့
Nederlands: Dalian
日本語: 大連市
нохчийн: Далянь
norsk: Dalian
norsk nynorsk: Dalian
occitan: Dalian
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Dalyan
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਡਾਲੀਆਨ
پنجابی: ڈالیآن
polski: Dalian
português: Dalian
română: Dalian
русский: Далянь
саха тыла: Далянь
Scots: Dalian
Simple English: Dalian
српски / srpski: Даљен
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Dalian
suomi: Dalian
svenska: Dalian
Tagalog: Dalian
தமிழ்: தாலியன்
Türkçe: Dalian
українська: Далянь
اردو: ڈالیان
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: داليەن شەھىرى
Tiếng Việt: Đại Liên
Winaray: Dalian
粵語: 大連
中文: 大连市